Presentation on theme: "by Don Hudson, D.O., FACEP/ACOEP"— Presentation transcript:
1by Don Hudson, D.O., FACEP/ACOEP HEART SOUNDSbyDon Hudson, D.O., FACEP/ACOEP
2Everything You need to Know About Heart Sounds We have all heard the heart make the usual sounds.LUB DUBLub is the first sound or S1Dub is the second heart sound or S2
3So What is All of The Other Sounds The best way to understand the individual sounds is to think about what is causing themFirst you need to concentrate on the total sounds and then try to listen to the individual component sounds
4Systole The time between the S1 and S2 sounds is: Lub------------Dub The ventricles contractingBlood flowing from the heart to the lungs and bodyBlood flowing across the Pulmonic and Aortic valves
5Diastole Dub----------Lub The time between S2 and S1 is :The blood is flowing from the atria to the ventricles.The blood flowing across the bicuspid and tricuspid valves.The atrial contraction also occurs now.
6S1- What is it ? The “lub” in the lub – dub. This sound is primarily because of the closing of the bicuspid and tricuspid valves.Anatomically they are located between the atria and the ventriclesThey close because the ventricles contractThe Pulmonic and Aortic valves are opening and blood is being forced into the arteries
7S2- What is it ? This is the end of systole S2 is the “dub” in the lub- dubThe sounds are because of the closing of the Pulmonic and Aortic valves as the pressure from the arteries is greater then the pressure in the ventricles.This is the end of systole
8What Kinds of Sounds Do You Hear? Murmurs-usually indicate turbulence & they range from 1 to 5 in loudness.Does it occur during diastole or systole?Does it crescendo (get progressively louder)?Does it decrescendo (get progressively quieter)?Where do you hear it best? (Neck, Chest, Axilla)
9Other Sounds Gallops- these are either S3 or S4 sounds. Rubs- pericardial or plural friction rubs and usually indicated either pericarditis or possible pleurisy ( must be careful to listen to both heart and lung sounds)Rubs- sounds “sandpapery”
10Other SoundsClicks- only occur in systole and represent the loud valve closingDiastolic Knock- occurs because of a abrupt arrest of ventricular filling by a non-compliant & constricting pericardium.Continuous Murmurs- indicate a constant shunt flow throughout systole & diastole i.e. Coarctation, or patent ductus arteriosus.
11LUB-- DUB-------------LUB--DUB Anatomy of A SoundLUB-- DUB LUB--DUBS S2 S3 S4 S S2Here is where you expect to hear the various sounds
12Now that you Hear the Sounds (what does it mean?) First Heart Sound (S1)- Louder than usual - Mitral Stenosis- Variable Atrial Fib./Complete Heart Block-Diminished Mitral or Aortic Regurg.
13Second Heart Sounds (S2) (what does it mean) Wide split sounds or fixed ( not moving with respiration) may indicate:Atrial Septal DefectRBBBPulmonic Stenosis
14Extra Heart Sounds (S3 & S4) (what do they mean to you) Third Heart Sound (S3) Markedly Diminished Left Ventricular Function(Almost always present with Myocardial Ischemia or early after an AMI)Fourth Heart Sound (S4) Modestly Diminished Left Ventricular Function
15What Special Things Do You Need To Hear These Sounds StethoscopeAs quite an environment as possibleProper positioning of the patientStethoscope must touch the skinPatient historyAbility to observe the chest, abdomen & neck
16Where Do You Listen?Left Ventricle Area- The apex of the heart is at the 4th or 5th intercostal space (ICS) along the midclavicular line (MCL).Right Ventricular Area- the 3rd to 5th ICS along the left sternal border (LSB)Pulmonic Area- 2end ICS along LSBAortic Area- 2end ICS along the right sternal border (RSB)
17Stethoscope UseThe diaphragm of your stethoscope is most useful for picking up high-pitched sounds i.e. S1, S2, Aortic or Mitral Regurgitation Murmurs or Friction Rubs.The Bell is most useful for picking up low-pitched sounds, S3, S4, or Mitral Stenosis.
18The Most Important Things To Have In Order To Hear These Sounds Quiet
19Thank You For Your Patience Practice, Practice, PracticePatience to take time to listenTime to listen to historyExpose the patientThinkReflectYour patients will appreciate your efforts