Presentation on theme: "AN EDUCATED AND INFORMED NATION: A KEY DEVELOPMENT PRIORITY SINCE INDEPENDENCE(VISION 2016) Presented by: KAREN MOEPSWA Education Attaché Botswana High."— Presentation transcript:
1 AN EDUCATED AND INFORMED NATION: A KEY DEVELOPMENT PRIORITY SINCE INDEPENDENCE(VISION 2016) Presented by:KAREN MOEPSWAEducation AttachéBotswana High Commission
2 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION and SKILLS DEVELOPMENT- STRATEGIC ELEMENTS AND FOUNDATIONS
3 Botswana Education System Since Independence Discovery of diamonds just after independence in increased government revenue.Since independence Education and training in Botswana received over 25 per cent of the annual national budget. The Ministry of Education and Skills Development is allocated the lion share of P9.26 billion to cater for, among others; additional funds required to implement the re-grading exercise for teachers approved by Government in 2013, as well as subventions to some parastatals such as the University of Botswana and the Botswana International University of Science and Technology
4 More Primary schools, Community junior secondary, vocational and technical schools, Teachers training, Adult education, Non formal education institutions and the Brigades were built.Guarantee of ten years of basic education ( 7 primary and 3 Junior secondary Certificate qualification.
7 Botswana Education System cont. Two years of senior secondary school Botswana General Certificate of Education (BGCSE).After leaving school, students can attend technical colleges in the country, or take vocational training courses in teaching or nursing.
8 The best students enter the University of Botswana, the Botswana International University of Science and Technology (1st intake in 2012), Botswana College of Agriculture, Botswana Accountancy CollegeMany other students end up in the numerous private tertiary education colleges around the country.
10 THE FIRST UNIVERSITY IN BOTSWANA At independence, Botswana had no university or tertiary institution of its own.Botswana Students studied at University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland (UBLS) located in Roma, Lesotho.1982 University of Botswana was born.
11 School of MedicineThe University of Botswana School of Medicine has a mandate to train locally relevant and internationally competent doctors in Botswana.As the first and only medical school in the country, we have academic staff complement from 15 countries including Botswana. These highly skilled professionals cover 29 disciplines across the Biomedical and Clinical Sciences.
12 UNIVERSITY OF BOTSWANA Batswana contributed cattle towards the building of their University
15 HIGHLIGHTS OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL ENROLMENTS In 2006, Botswana’s primary and secondary gross enrolment ratios(GER) were per cent (of 6–12-year-olds) and 79.6 per cent respectively.The literacy rate had also jumped from below 20 percent at independence to 81 per cent in
16 The transition rate from primary to junior secondary was estimated at 97 per cent in 2008. From junior to senior secondary significant improvements were recorded, with rates of around 30 per cent in the late 1990s rising to 67 per cent in 2008.
17 TERTIARY EDUCATION POLICY-2008 The Policy contribute to the realization of the national development goals encompassed within the long term vision for Botswana, Vision 2016, with ‘An Educated and Informed Nation’ vision pillar providing a specific anchor for tertiary education.The Policy directly contributes to this pillar through the development of the country’s high level human resource and research and innovation capacity .The Policy builds on and complements the educational accomplishments that have been made since independence.
18 POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS 1) Advancing Human Resource Development: Botswana’s tertiary education system has a key responsibility for meeting the needs of an increasingly market-driven, diversified, globalized knowledge-based economy and this is where the pressures of growth and change are already being experienced.- This Policy seeks to increase the tertiary education gross enrolment ratio from the 11.4% (2007/8) to a minimum of 17% by 2016 and then to a further minimum of 25% by
19 2) Developing Research and Innovation Capacity: Tertiary education system to play a leading role in transforming Botswana into a knowledge driven innovative society.- As a matter of priority, the tertiary education system, and its constituent parts, must sharpen their research focus significantly and ensure a proper integration of their effort with the needs of the country, to respond to the goal for a ‘prosperous, productive and innovative nation (Vision 2016) and to specifically contribute to the development of the national innovation system.
20 RECCOMMENDATIONS cont. 3) Strengthening System Capability: This will involves putting in place a restructured tertiary education system and institutional landscape that is better able to respond to expansion and growth, which provides better value for money, that ensures increased differentiation and specialization, and with improved strategic leadership capacity at both governance and management levels.
21 CURRENT MEASURES IN PLACE 1. In line with the National HUMAN Resource Development Strategy and the National development Plan 10, the Botswana Tertiary Education Council started operating in October2003 to support the Government in developing a robust tertiary education system.2. BTEC has a the mandate of promoting, coordinating of tertiary education, determination, maintenace of teaching standards, examinations and research in tertiary institutions.
22 3. BTEC has an initiative of running annual fairs, and objectives are: i) To promote the tertiary education sector in Botswana. ii). To offer the exhibitors from different tertiary Education Institutions and potential students the opportunity to actively interact and identify the career choices in programmes offered in each institution.
23 BTEC OBJECTIVES cont.4. To advise the BGCSE school leavers on which career paths are marketable in Botswana 5. To stimulate quality education amongst the public and private tertiary institutions in ensuring that they adhere to delivering quality education in Botswana. 6. To attract foreign students to study in Botswana through the ‘Study in Botswana’ campaign by the Botswana Education Hub.
25 HIGHLIGHTS OF TERTIARY EDUCATION ENROLMENTS The tertiary education enrolment trends in Botswana have been fluctuating since 2007/08 with a noticeable increasing demand. This fluctuating high demand for tertiary education has high financial implications that call for strategic handling and management of education financing in the medium to long term.
29 ESTABLISHMENT OF BOTSWANA EDUCATION HUB- 2008 In line with the Botswana Excellence Strategy, the Ministry of Education continued its commitment to establish Botswana as centre of excellence for the provision of quality education, training and research in the identified broad niche areas of Business, Mining and Energy, Medical science and Research, Agriculture and livestock Management, hospitality and tourism, Conservation and environment and economic Management. So in a coordinating office BEH, in the Ministry of Education and Skills Development was established.
30 BEH INITIATIVES BEH’s initiatives to drive its mandate are: 1. Invest in Botswana Education Program2. Study in Botswana Program( see below)
31 3. Adopt-A-School Programme Potential engineers, scientists, mathematicians, and artists are in our schools, but they may not have a chance to pursue their dreams due to economic difficulty. Their parents dream of a better life for their children.
32 Category A -Top Achiever Students 2013 4. Top Achievers Scholarship Program (Excellence Awards)Category A -Top Achiever Students 2013
33 TOP ACHIEVERS RECORD Academic Elites From BGCSE,IGCSE,etc. YEAR NO STUDENTSCRITERIA2010196A*2011302012574A*To Local Institutions40(26 UK, 2 SA, 6 USA, 6 AUS2013 Local604A*( To Local Institutions2013 External40