2 Political Concepts in Space TerritorialityAttempt by individual or group to control people, phenomena, and relationships by delimiting and asserting control over a geographic area
3 Political Concepts in Space Sovereigntyhaving the “last say” (control) over a territory – politically or militarilyTerritorial integrityAbility of a government to control its territory
4 Critical Thinking: List Examples of… StateNationNation-StateMultinational StateMulti-state Nation
5 Birth of the Modern State Peace of Westphalia (1648)Treaty that ended “Thirty Years’ War”Clearly defined borders, recognition of statehood, guarantees of securityTerritory over people
6 Nation, State, Nation-State We often use nation, state and country interchangeably, but there are distinctions:NationCulturally defined group of people with shared past
7 Nation, State, Nation-State A politically organized territory withA permanent populationA defined territoryA government
8 Nation, State, Nation-State A politically organized area where nation and state occupy the same spaceEuropean Model
9 Diffusion of Nation-State European colonialismColonialismRule by an autonomous power of a subordinate powerOften creates unequal cultural and economic relationsTwo waves16th Century – Americas19th Century – Africa/Asia
11 Diffusion of Nation-State Colonial administrationEuropeans replicate political organization of home countryAdministrative regions survive as independent states todayOften, colonial borders have little to do with ethnicity or national identity
12 DemocracyPeople, rather than monarchy or colonizer, are ultimate sovereignNation is associated with state
13 Types of States Multinational State More than one nation in its borders
14 Multistate NationWhen a nation’s boundaries cross two or more states
15 Stateless NationA people (nation) without a state of their own
16 Enclave A nation or state completely surrounded by another state Lesotho in South AfricaAny enclaves in the United States?
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