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Political Organization of Space An Introduction. Political Concepts in Space  Territoriality  Attempt by individual or group to control people, phenomena,

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Presentation on theme: "Political Organization of Space An Introduction. Political Concepts in Space  Territoriality  Attempt by individual or group to control people, phenomena,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Organization of Space An Introduction

2 Political Concepts in Space  Territoriality  Attempt by individual or group to control people, phenomena, and relationships by delimiting and asserting control over a geographic area

3  Sovereignty  having the “last say” (control) over a territory – politically or militarily  Territorial integrity  Ability of a government to control its territory Political Concepts in Space

4 Critical Thinking: List Examples of… 1.State 2.Nation 3.Nation-State 4.Multinational State 5.Multi-state Nation

5 Birth of the Modern State  Peace of Westphalia (1648)  Treaty that ended “Thirty Years’ War”  Clearly defined borders, recognition of statehood, guarantees of security  Territory over people

6 Nation, State, Nation-State  We often use nation, state and country interchangeably, but there are distinctions:  Nation  Culturally defined group of people with shared past

7 Nation, State, Nation-State  State  A politically organized territory with  A permanent population  A defined territory  A government

8 Nation, State, Nation-State  Nation-State  A politically organized area where nation and state occupy the same space  European Model

9 Diffusion of Nation-State  European colonialism  Colonialism  Rule by an autonomous power of a subordinate power  Often creates unequal cultural and economic relations  Two waves  16 th Century – Americas  19 th Century – Africa/Asia

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11 Diffusion of Nation-State  Colonial administration  Europeans replicate political organization of home country  Administrative regions survive as independent states today  Often, colonial borders have little to do with ethnicity or national identity

12 Democracy  People, rather than monarchy or colonizer, are ultimate sovereign  Nation is associated with state

13 Types of States  Multinational State  More than one nation in its borders

14 Multistate Nation  When a nation’s boundaries cross two or more states

15 Stateless Nation  A people (nation) without a state of their own

16 Enclave  A nation or state completely surrounded by another state  Lesotho in South Africa  Any enclaves in the United States?

17 Enclaves in America

18 Exclave  Part of a nation or state that is not connected to the rest of the state  Kaliningrad, Russia  Are there any US exclaves?

19 American Exclaves

20 Capitalism  Dominant economic system  Market for goods and services determines allocation  Commodification  Placing monetary value on all things

21 Capitalist World System  Immanuel Wallerstein (1987)  In a capitalist world you will have three tiers of states:  Core  Greater wealth; high technology  Periphery  Poor; low technology  Semi-periphery  Mix

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