2 Avoiding the War Looked for lenient draft boards What were some ways that young men used to avoid military service in VietnamFound doctors to give them medical defermentsLooked for lenient draft boardsEnrolled in college to receive a defermentJoined the National Guard or Coast Guard
3 In what sense was the Vietnam War a “working class” war? Enrolling in college to get a deferment required having moneySo, 80% of U.S. troops came from lower economic levels.
4 Opposing the War: organizations and group opposition New Left: (name given to the youth movement of the 1960s)Students for a Democratic SocietyThe Free Speech MovementCollege Students- Young people
5 Reasons that “doves” opposed the war The war was draining U.S. strengthBelief that war is immoralBelief that the U.S. should not try to police the worldBelief that this was a civil war between the North and South Vietnamese and was not really U.S. businessPresident Johnson had revoked college deferments for those not getting good grades.
6 Ways that “doves” showed their opposition Held antiwar demonstrationsPublicly burned draft cardsMarched on WashingtonFled to Canada and Sweden to dodge the draft
7 Defending the War By 1967: Most Americans supported U.S. involvement in theVietnam WarHawks criticize theJohnson administration'spolicies in Vietnam:The “Hawks”( those thatsupported the war) feltthat Johnson shouldescalate the war morequickly