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Ch 3 Review. #1 What other two realities go hand-in-hand with freedom in the moral life? Responsibility and law.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch 3 Review. #1 What other two realities go hand-in-hand with freedom in the moral life? Responsibility and law."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch 3 Review

2 #1 What other two realities go hand-in-hand with freedom in the moral life? Responsibility and law

3 #2 Humans have the powers of reason and free will which enable us to search for the truth. Because we are free we are the masters of our own actions.

4 #3 What is the greatest power that humans possess? How does this ability relate to God? The ability to love. It enables us to seek the Triune God of love and unite with him for eternal happiness.

5 #4 What is the definition of freedom according to the CCC? Freedom is the power, rooted in reason and will, to act or not to act, to do this or that, and so to perform deliberate actions on one’s own responsibility.

6 #5 True or False? Determinism teaches that humans do not have the power to choose and that every event, action, and decision is dependent on the human will. False

7 #6 What are some proofs against determinism? -If you really want to do something, you can freely choose to do it. -Your pride or embarrassment or guilt after certain actions. If you were not free, you could not take credit or blame for anything you do.

8 #7 What does it mean to say that humans are self- determining? We can select our goals and then perform certain acts to accomplish them.

9 #8 External freedom refers to freedom from factors outside ourselves that threaten or destroy our power to exercise choice, such as the freedom from poverty and tyranny.

10 #9 Internal freedom refers to freedom from interior factors such as freedom from fear and freedom from addiction.

11 #10 Explain the difference between freedom from and freedom for. Freedom from both external and internal forces that limit choice provides the fertile ground for freedom’s real purpose: freedom for.

12 #11 True or False? Grasping after material things that we think will make us happy often has the reverse effect of enslaving us. True

13 #12 Human freedom is not absolute, but is limited. It is not license --- the unbridled, excessive, undisciplined freedom that abuses true liberty. The result of people doing whatever they want is evil.

14 #13 Abuse of freedom results in sin which is related to the Original Sin of Adam and Eve which spawned other sin and leads humans to wretchedness and oppression.

15 #14 What redeemed humans from the enslavement of sin? For Christians, it is the Cross of Jesus Christ.

16 #15 What types of things can limit human freedom? Your physical makeup, intellectual, emotional, and family makeup.

17 #16 What does the chapter identify as major impediments to the exercise of true freedom? Briefly explain each. Ignorance, Inadvertence, Duress, Inordinate attachments, Fear, and Habit.

18 #17 True or False? The major impediments to freedom are so powerful we cannot change our actions. False

19 #18 What is the meaning of the word imputable? Refers to our actions that can be ascribed, attributed, or definitely linked to a specific person or entity.

20 #19 When we do something well we want to take credit for our deeds. We are also responsible for our mistakes. Mature and honest people will own up to these actions and accept full responsibility for their consequences.

21 #20 What does Jesus tell his followers in John 14:6 and 8:31- 32? “I am the way and truth and the life.” Jn 14:6 “If you remain in my word, you will truly be my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” Jn 8: 31-32

22 #21 True or False? Passions are the movements of our senses that predispose us to act or not act in relation to something we feel or imagine to be good or evil. True

23 #22 True or False? Emotions are morally evil. False—they are neutral.

24 #23 Who is the fundamental norm of morality? What does this mean? Jesus is the fundamental norm. This means that Jesus is the standard or model on whom we should pattern our lives.

25 #24 What sources are used by the Magisterium in developing guidelines to help Christians to live as Christ lived? -Scriptures (God’s revealed word) -Tradition (History and teaching of Christian communities guided by the Holy Spirit)

26 #25 What is the four-step process of formulating norms of morality? -Beliefs-Creeds and doctrines expressing faith in Jesus -Values-Certain standards or qualities we deem worthwhile or valuable -Principles-positive guidelines for living out our values. -Norms- Particular laws that translate our beliefs, values, and principles.

27 #26 Moral norms are short statements that tell us what to do or what not to do. They convey the moral wisdom and the experience of the human community and are directed to both individuals and societies.

28 #27 Good law guides human freedom, protects us from license, serves as an objective standard, and warns us of pitfalls and harmful, dehumanizing actions.

29 #28 What is the source of the moral law? Blessed Trinity

30 #29 What is a biblical view of moral law? God’s fatherly instruction for us, prescribing the rules of conduct that lead to eternal happiness and banning evil that leads us away from God and his love.

31 #30 What are the four elements of St. Thomas Aquinas’ definition of law? -Reasonable -For the Common Good -From competent authority -Must be promulgated (should be openly declared to all and known by all)

32 #31 What are the four interrelated expressions of the moral law? -Eternal law (God at it’s source) -Natural law (the light of understanding that God has placed in us) -Revealed Law (Old law and the law of the Gospel) -Civil law/Church law (Making and enforcing laws from God’s will)

33 #32 Natural law is our participation in the divine law, the light of understanding that God places in us and what human reason can discover about human nature independent of God’s gift of revelation.

34 #33 What are the three basic human drives and needs that natural law corresponds with? -Preserving life -Developing as individuals and communities -Sharing life with others

35 #34 True or False? Natural law is personal, permanent, and unchanging throughout history. False—universal

36 #35 True or False? Natural law applies to most people, in most places, for most of the time. False—all people, all places, and all the time.

37 #36 True or False? Because of sin and weakened intellects, we cannot always correctly discern the natural law, therefore God provides what humans lack. True

38 #37 True or False? Societies apply the natural law the same, no matter the custom or circumstances. False

39 #38 The old Law, also known as the Law of Moses, is the first stage of revealed law. But Christians believe that, though it is holy and good, it is imperfect. The old Law does not give us the grace and strength of the Holy Spirit. It is a preparation for the New Covenant in Jesus Christ.

40 #39 What are the four purposes of divine law? -Helps us stay on the right path on our journey to God. -Helps us to discern what is right when there are conflicting ideas of right and wrong. -Speaks to our motivation. -Indicates what is sinful

41 #40 The Gospel of Jesus Christ is the new Law, a law of love. He perfects divine law and reveals it most perfectly in the Sermon on the Mount. The new Law helps us understand the core attitudes that precede our actions.

42 #41 What two Gospel teachings summarize the new Law? “Do unto others whatever you would have them do to you.” (Mt 7:12) “Love one another as I love you.” (Jn 15:12)

43 #42 True or False? The evangelical counsels are poverty, chastity, and charity. False—obedience

44 #43 Church law is to Divine law, what civil law is to natural law. The precepts of the Church are minimal obligations for Catholics to observe while canon law is the full body of officially established rules governing the Catholic Church.

45 #44 According to the CCC, what are the six precepts of the Church? -Attend Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation -Confess your sins at least once a year -Humbly receive your creator in Holy Communion during the Easter season. -Observe the prescribed days of fasting and abstinence -Keep holy the holy days of obligation -Have a day providing for the material needs of the church, each according to your own abilities.

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