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1 Unit Nine Slides The Fourteenth Century. 2 Sienese School School of Italian painting which fluorished between the 13th and 15th centuries and for a.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Unit Nine Slides The Fourteenth Century. 2 Sienese School School of Italian painting which fluorished between the 13th and 15th centuries and for a."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Unit Nine Slides The Fourteenth Century

2 2 Sienese School School of Italian painting which fluorished between the 13th and 15th centuries and for a time rivaled Florence, though it was more conservative, being inclined towards the decorative beauty and elegant grace of late Gothic art. Its most important representatives include Duccio, whose work shows Byzantine influence; his pupil Simone Martini; Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti Duccio,Simone Martini PietroAmbrogio Lorenzetti

3 3 DUCCIO di Buoninsegna Italian painter, Sienese school (b. cca. 1255, Siena, d. 1319, Siena) Madonna and Child (no. 593) 1280s Tempera on wood, 63 x 49,5 cm Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena

4 4 DUCCIO Gualino Madonna after 1285 Tempera on wood, 157 x 86 cm Galleria Sabauda, Turin The Gualino Madonna and the Bologna altarpiece anticipate the skill Duccio was to show in modifying the traits of his teacher, softening the over-harsh contrasts of line and colour.

5 5 Duccio Madonna and Child Duccio 1280s Tempera on wood, 68 x 47 cm Chiesa dei Santi Lorenzo e Ippolito, Castelfiorentino

6 6 Duccio Madonna with Child and Two Angels (Crevole Madonna) Tempera on wood, 89 x 60 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

7 7 Duccio Maestà Tempera on wood, 31,5 x 22,5 cm Kunstmuseum, Bern

8 8 Duccio Madonna of the Franciscans c Tempera on wood, 23,5 x 16 cm Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena

9 9 Duccio Madonna and Child with Six Angels Tempera on wood, 97 x 63 cm Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria, Perugia

10 10 Duccio Polyptych No Tempera on wood, 128 x 234 cm Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena

11 11 Duccio Triptych Tempera on wood, 61,5 x 78 cm National Gallery, London

12 12 Duccio Maestà (Madonna with Angels and Saints) Tempera on wood, 214 x 412 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

13 13 Duccio Maestà (detail) Tempera on wood Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

14 14 Duccio Maestà (detail) Tempera on wood, 84 x 69 cm (size of detail) Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

15 15 Duccio Maestà (detail) Tempera on wood Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

16 16 Duccio Maestà (detail) Tempera on wood Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena This detail shows St Catherine of Alexandria at the left side of the Maestà.

17 17 Duccio Maestà (detail) Tempera on wood, 37 x 23 cm (size of detail) Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena The detail represents Apostles Philip and James the Greater from the upper left of the Maestà.

18 18 Front Crowning Section of the Maestà by DUCCIO Announcement of Death to the Virgin Tempera on wood, 41,5 x 54 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

19 19 Duccio Death of the Virgin Tempera on wood, 40 x 45,5 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

20 20 Duccio Funeral Tempera on wood, 58 x 52,5 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

21 21 Back Crowning Section of the Maestà by DUCCIO Appearence Behind Locked Doors Tempera on wood, 39,5 x 51,5 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

22 22 Duccio Appearence on the Mountain in Galilee Tempera on wood, 36,5 x 47,5 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

23 23 Duccio Appearence While the Apostles are at Table Tempera on wood, 39,5 x 51,5 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

24 24 Pentecost Tempera on wood, 37,5 x 42,5 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

25 25 Back Panel of the Maestà by DUCCIO Entry into Jerusalem Tempera on wood, 100 x 57 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

26 26 Last Supper Tempera on wood, 50 x 53 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

27 27 Crucifixion Tempera on wood, 100 x 76 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

28 28 Back Predella Section of the Maestà by DUCCIO Calling of Peter and Andrew Tempera on wood, 43,5 x 46 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington

29 29 Wedding at Cana (detail) Tempera on wood Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

30 30 Transfiguration Tempera on wood, 48 x 50,5 cm National Gallery, London

31 31 Rucellai Madonna 1285 Tempera on wood, 450 x 290 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

32 32 LORENZETTI, Ambrogio Italian painter, Sienese school (b. cca. 1290, Siena, d. 1348, Siena)

33 33 A Lorenzetti Allegory of the Good Government Fresco Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

34 34 A Lorenzetti The Effects of Good Government in the Countryside (detail) Fresco Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

35 35 A Lorenzetti Allegory of Bad Government Fresco Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

36 36 A Lorenzetti Effects of Bad Government on the City Life (detail) Fresco Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

37 37 A Lorenzetti The Presentation in the Temple 1342 Panel, 257 x 168 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

38 38 Madonna and Child 1320 Tempera on wood Pieve di Santa Maria, Arezzo LORENZETTI, Pietro (b. 1290, Siena, d. 1348, Siena)

39 39 P Lorenzetti Entombment c Fresco Lower Church, San Francesco, Assisi

40 40 P Lorenzetti The Birth of Mary 1342 Tempera on wood, 188 x 183 cm Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Siena

41 41 P Lorenzetti Deposition c Fresco Lower Church, San Francesco, Assisi

42 42 Pietro Lorenzetti composite view: Madonna and Child with Saint Mary Magdalene and Saint Catherine c. 1330/1340 Tempera on panel transferred to canvas

43 43 Beata Umilta Transport Bricks to the Monastery c Oil on wood, 45 x 32 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

44 44 SIMONE MARTINI b. 1280/85, Siena, d. 1344, Avignon

45 45 Madonna and Child (no. 583) c Tempera on wood, 88 x 57 cm Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena

46 46 Madonna of Mercy Tempera on wood, 154 x 84 cm Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena

47 47 Maestà (Madonna with Angels and Saints) 1315 Fresco, 763 x 970 cm Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

48 48 Frescoes in the Lower Church of San Francesco at Assisi by SIMONE MARTINI St Anthony and St Francis 1317 Fresco, 215 x 185 cm Cappella di San Martino, Lower Church, San Francesco, Assisi

49 49 St Clare and St Elizabeth of Hungary St Mary Magdalene and St Catherine of Alexandria

50 50 Saint Martin Renounces his Weapons Fresco, 265 x 230 cm Cappella di San Martino, Lower Church, San Francesco, Assisi

51 51 The Miracle of the Resurrected Child Fresco, 296 x 230 cm Cappella di San Martino, Lower Church, San Francesco, Assisi

52 52 Equestrian portrait of Guidoriccio da Fogliano Fresco, 340 x 968 cm Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

53 53 The Annunciation and Two Saints 1333 Tempera on wood, 184 x 210 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

54 54 (detail)

55 55 Workshop of Simone Martini Saint Matthew, probably c tempera on panel,.308 x.232 m (12 1/8 x 9 1/8 in.) Samuel H. Kress Collection

56 56 Florentine School In the 13th century artists in Pisa and Lucca played an important part in the initial stage of Tuscan paintings and foreshadowed early Florentine artists. Crucifixes and icons, although still Byzantine in style, became more 'Western' in treatment. The work of Giunta Pisano in Pisa and the Berlinghieri family in Lucca illustrates this transitional phase. In Florence Cimabue was the most important artist before Giotto. He was trained in the Byzantine tradition in the workshops of the baptistery.ByzantineGiunta Pisano BerlinghieriCimabue The true founder of the Florentine school was Giotto. His ability to render three-dimensional form and space, the simplicity of his compositions and his effective portrayal of human emotions make his works the first modern paintings. His impact on Florentine painters was enormous, resulting in a sort of Giottesque academicism. Artists influenced by him were: Taddeo and Agnolo Gaddi, Bernardo Daddi, Maso di Banco, Giottino and Nardo di Cione. Giotto's influence is also noticeable in the work of Andrea Orcagna, Andrea da Firenze, and Spinello Aretino.Giotto.TaddeoAgnolo Gaddi,Daddi,Maso di Banco, GiottinoNardo di Cione.Orcagna,Andrea da Firenze,Spinello Aretino.

57 57 The Madonna in Majesty (Maestà) Tempera on panel, 385 x 223 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence CIMABUE (b. cca. 1240, Firenze, d. cca. 1302, Firenze)

58 58 The Madonna in Majesty (detail) CIMABUE

59 59 Virgin Enthroned with Angels Panel, 424 x 276 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris CIMABUE (b. cca. 1240, Firenze, d. cca. 1302, Firenze)

60 60 GIOTTO di Bondone Italian painter, Florentine school (b. 1267, Vespignano, d. 1337, Firenze) Legend of St Francis: 14. Miracle of the Spring Fresco, 270 x 200 cm Upper Church, San Francesco, Assisi

61 61 Legend of St Francis: 15. Sermon to the Birds Fresco, 270 x 200 cm Upper Church, San Francesco, Assisi

62 62 Legend of St Francis: 19. Stigmatization of St Francis Fresco, 270 x 230 cm Upper Church, San Francesco, Assisi

63 63 Scenes from the Life of Christ Adoration of the Magi Fresco, 200 x 185 cm Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

64 64 Flight into Egypt Fresco, 200 x 185 cm Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

65 65 Baptism of Christ Fresco, 200 x 185 cm (without decoration) Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

66 66 Marriage at Cana Fresco, 200 x 185 cm Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

67 67 Last Supper Fresco, 200 x 185 cm Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

68 68 Crucifixion Fresco, 200 x 185 cm Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

69 69 Lamentation (The Mourning of Christ) Fresco, 200 x 185 cm Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

70 70 Resurrection (Noli me tangere) Fresco, 200 x 185 cm Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua

71 71 WOLGEMUT, Michael (b. 1434, Nürnberg, d. 1519, Nürnberg) Dance of Death 1493 Woodcut

72 72 Totentanz

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