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Karbala and Statistics A.S. Hashim MD Sources: Life of Abu Abdillah by Imad Zadah حياة أبو عبدالله (عماد زاده) Wasilat al-Darain fi Ansaar Al-Husain by.

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Presentation on theme: "Karbala and Statistics A.S. Hashim MD Sources: Life of Abu Abdillah by Imad Zadah حياة أبو عبدالله (عماد زاده) Wasilat al-Darain fi Ansaar Al-Husain by."— Presentation transcript:

1 Karbala and Statistics A.S. Hashim MD Sources: Life of Abu Abdillah by Imad Zadah حياة أبو عبدالله (عماد زاده) Wasilat al-Darain fi Ansaar Al-Husain by Ibrahim Musawi وسيلة الدارين في أنصار الحسين (للسيد إبراهيم الموسوي) Ibsar Al-Ayn by Al-samawi وأبصار العين (للسماوي.).

2 Salaam to Al-Husain السلام عليك يا أبا عبد الله وعلى الأرواح التي حلت بفنائك عليك مني سلام الله أبداً ما بقيت وبقي الليل والنهار ولا جعله الله آخر العهد مني لزيارتكم السلام على الحسين وعلى علي بن الحسين وعلى أولاد الحسين وعلى أصحاب الحسين جميعاً ورحمة الله وبركاته

3 About this slide show Numerical Statistics about Karbala and Martyrs of Ashuraa Trip of Al-Husain Those accompanying him: Supporters and Family The enemy they faced Size of the forces and Leadership of the forces The women in Al-Husain’s camp Some graphic illustrations Ziyarah

4 Source of The Statistics Life of Abu Abdillah by Imad Zadah حياة أبو عبدالله (عماد زاده) Wasilat al-Darain fi Ansaar Al-Husain by Ibrahim Musawi: (وسيلة الدارين في أنصار الحسين (للسيد إبراهيم الموسوي Ibsar Al-Ayn by Al-samawi وأبصار العين (للسماوي.). The Statistics can be questioned when compared to other sources, but they are as approximate as possible Other sources for instance: Book of Irshad (Mufid) claims the enemy force was 5,000 rather than 33,000 as stated by the author above Yet some other sources claim 30,000 fighters or even 100,00

5 Al-Husain to Karbala Stages of the MovePeriod Stayed in Medina after refusing to give allegiance to Yazid12 days Stayed in Mecca132 days The trip to Karbala23 days In Karbala itself8 days

6 Overnight Stopovers Al-Husain from Mecca to Karbala Number of overnight stops: 18 Total distance about 1000 miles Distance between each overnight stop: Varies from 35 miles to 55 miles Family of Al-Husain, from Kufa to Damascus, as captives Total distance about 800 miles Number of overnight stops: 14 The 1000 Mile Route to Karbala Karbala

7 Communications ItemNumber Letters reaching Husain urging him to join them in Kufa (According to Book of Irshad) 12,000 People pledging to Muslim Ibn Aqeel, to support Husain Claimed to be 8,000 or 25,000 or even 40,000

8 Martyrs of Abu Talib’s Progeny Item# Martyred Of those mentioned in al-Ziyarah al-Nahia17 Of those not mentioned in al-Ziyarah al-Nahia13 Children3 Total martyred of Benu Hashim33

9 Martyrs of Imam Husain’s Camp Item# Martyred 1. Of Imam Husain family3 2. Of Imam Ali’s family9 3. Of Imam Al-Hasan's family4 4. Of Aqeel’s family12 5. The supporters martyred whose names were registered 82 6. The servants of the martyrs who were also killed 14 Total supporters martyred138

10 Heads of the Martyrs Tribes carrying heads on tip of spears:# of heads 1. Qais Ibn Ash’ath of Kinda tribe13 2. Shimr, of Hawazin tribe12 3. Benu Tamim tribe17 4. Benu Asad tribe17 5. Midh’haj tribe6 6. Different persons from various tribes13 Total heads carried on the spears78

11 Al-Husain’s Person ItemNumber Age of Al-Husain when martyred57 Number of cuts received by the sword34 Number of spear wounds received33 Number of arrows receivedmany Horse riders who trampled on Al-Husain’s body10 At first, the number of Kufa forces22,000 Later the number of Kufa forces swelled to:33,000

12 The Initial Kufa Forces Under the Leadership# Fighters 1. Under the leadership of Omar Ibn Sa’d6000 2. Under the leadership of Sinan4000 3. Under the leadership of Orwa Ibn Qais4000 4. Under the leadership of Shimr4000 5. Under the leadership of Shaith Ibn Rub’I who was joined by: 6. Yazid Al-Kalbi 4000 2000 7. Under the leadership of Husain Ibn Namir4000 8. Under the leadership of Al-Mazini3000 9. Under the leadership of Nasr Al-Mazini2000

13 Al-Husain Mourned 10 of the Martyrs or did Du’aa for them ItemNumber 1. Ali son of Al-Husain6. Muslim Ibn Awsajah 2. Al-Abbas7. Habib Ibn Mudha’hir 3. Al-Qasim8. Al-Hurr ibn Yazid Al-Riyahi 4. Abdullah son of Hasan9. Zuhair Ibn Qain 5. Abdullah his own baby10. John the servant of Abu Dhar Al-Husain invoked God’s mercy for 1.Muslim2. Hani

14 Tidbits ItemNumber Day of Ashuraa heads were thrown to Al-Husain3 Martyred children who had not reached age of maturity 5 Of the Servants of the Supporters Martyred15 Taken as prisoners but soon died of wounds2 Died after Imam Husain had been martyred4 Had been martyred in front of their parents7 One woman was martyred (Umm Wahab)1

15 Mothers of Martyrs Name of the motherName of her Son Killed RababAbdullah Ibn Al-Husain ZainabAun and Muhammad RamlaAl-Qasim Ibn Al-Hasan Al-JalilahAbdullah Ibn Al-Hasan Ruqayya Bint AliAbdullah Ibn Muslim Not registeredMuhammad Ibn Abi Sa’eed, Not registeredAmr Ibn Janada Umm WahabAbdullah Ibn Wahab LaylaAli Al-Asghar

16 Five Women to either attack the enemy, or protest Name of the WomanPurpose 1. Servant of Muslim Ibn Awsaja The women left their tents with the purpose to either attack the enemy, or resolutely protest the atrocious massacre taking place. 2. Umm Wahab, wife of Abdullah Al- Kalbi 3. Umm Abdullah Al-Kalbi 4. Zainab Al-Kubra 5. Umm Amr Ibn Janadah

17 Women in Husain’s Camp Names of the Women in Al-Husain’s Camp 1. Zainab daughter of Ali9. Rabab 2. Umm Kulthoom daughter of Ali10. Aati’ka 3. Fatima daughter of Ali11. Umm Muhsin Ibn Al-Hasan 4. Safiyya daughter of Ali12. Daughter of Muslim Ibn Aqeel 5. Ruqayya daughter of Ali13. Fidh’dha the Nubian 6. Umm Hani daughter of Ali14. A servant of Imam Al-Hasan 7. Fatima daughter of Al-Hasan15. Umm Wahab Ibn Abdullah 8. Sukayna daughter of Al-Hasan

18 Comparing Size of Forces Size of Ibn Ziyad’s Forces facing Al-Husain Size of al-Husain’s Camp

19 Al-Husain supplicates facing the enemy O' Lord! May I Ask You to Take Away Your Bounty From These People! And If You, Lord, Allow Them a Respite, May I Ask You to Sow Difference Among Them And Let Them be Divided!

20 Ashuraa Al-Husain’s Family Al-Hasan’s Family Aqeel’s Family Eight Sahaaba Twenty Ali’s Companions Al-Hurr and others Ja’far’s Family Zainab’s Family 3 Servants of Husain Al-Husain’s Camp on Ashuraa

21 Abu Talib Uncle of the Prophet Abu Talib Aqeel Loses 4 Members Ja’far Loses 2 Members Ali Loses 6 Members

22 Zainab and Abdullah lose 2 2. Muhammad Son 1.Aun Son Zainab daughter of Ali Abdullah son of Ja’far, son of Abu Talib +

23 4. Abdullah and 5. Abu Abdullah Grandsons 3. Muhammad Grandson Aqeel brother of Ali loses three killed 2. Muslim Son 1.Ja'far Son Aqeel brother of Ali son of Abu Talib Muslim son of Aqeel son of Abu Talib + + Abu Saeed son of Aqeel son of Abu Talib

24 Al-Husain and the Martyrs on Ashuraa: Al- Husain Brothers 5 Sons 2 nephews (Al-Hasan) 3 nephews (Zainab) 2 2 nd nephew Aqeel 2 All Supporters

25 Husain’s Servants and Supporters Martyred: ( Servants of Husain Martyred 1.Sulaiman 2.Qaarib 3.Munjeh Supporters killed: 1. Muslim ibn Ausajah al Asadi 2. Saeed ibn Abdullah al Hanafi 3. Bishr ibn Amr al Khadhrami 4.Yazeed ibn al Haseen (reciter of Qur'an) 5.Imran ibn al Kalb al Ansari 6.Na'eem ibn al Ajlan al Ansari 7.Zuhair ibn al Qain al Bajali 8.Amr ibn Qurzah al Ansari 9.Habeeb ibn Madhahir al Asadi 10.Hurr ibn Yazeed al Reyahi 11.Abdullah ibn al Umair al Kalbi 12.Nafe ibn al Hilal al Jamali al-Muradi 13.Anas ibn Kahil ibn al Harth al Asadi 14.Qais ibn al Mussahar al Saedawi

26 Al-Husain Supporters Martyred: 15.Abdullah ibn Urwah alGhifaaree 16.Abdul Rahman ibn Urwah al- Ghifaaree 17.Shabeeb ibn Abdullah Nahshali 18.Jaun, slave of Abu Dharr al- Ghifaree 19.Hujjaj ibn Zaid Sa'di 20.Qasit ibn Zuhair al-Tha'labee 21.Kursh (Muqsit) ibn Zuhair al- Thalabee 22.Kinaanah ibn Ateeq 23.Dhargham ibn Maalik 24.Jowain ibn Maalik al-Dhabaai 25.Zaid ibn Thubait al-Qaesi 26.Abdullah ibn Zaid ibn Thubait al- Qaesi 27.Ubaidullah ibn Zaid ibn Thubait 28.Amir ibn Muslim 29.Salim, slave of Amir ibn Muslim 30.Saif ibn Malik 31.Zuhair ibn Bashi al-Khath'ami 32.Mas'ood ibn Hajjaj 33.Son of Mas'ood ibn Hajjaj 34.Majma' ibn Abdullah al-Aezi 35.Ammar ibn Hassan ibn Shuraib al-Taai 36.Hayyan ibn Haarith al-Azdi 37.Jundab ibn Hujair al-Khanlani

27 Al-Husain Supporters Martyred: 38.Umar ibn Khalid al-Saedaawi 39.Saeed, slave of Umar ibn Khalid 40.Yazid ibn Ziad ibn Mazahi al- Kindi 41.Zaahir, slave of Amir al- Khuzaa'ee 42.Jabalah ibn Ali al-Shaybani 43.Saalim, slave of Bani Medinat al- Kalbi 44.Aslam ibn Khateer al-Azdi 45.Zuhair ibn Sulaim al-Azdi 46.Qasim ibn Habeeb al-Azdi 47.Umar ibn al-Ohdooth al- Hadhrami 48.Abu Thamaamah, Umar ibn Abdullah al-Saaedi 49.Hanzalah ibn As'ad al-Shaami 50.Abdul-Rahman ibn Abdullah al- Arhabi 51.Ammaar ibn Abu Salaamah al- Hamdaami 52.Aabis ibn Shabeeb al-Shaakiree 53.Shaozab, slave of Shaaki 54.Shabeeb ibn Haarith ibn Saree 55.Maalik ibn Abdullah ibn Saree 56.Sawwar ibn Abi Uman al-Nohami al-Hamdani 57.Amar ibn Abdullah al-Junda'i

28 The Whereabouts of Ashuraa Ashuraa of Karbala

29 Ashuraa Effects Yazid in infamy Husain in Glory The Triumph of Islam Ashuraa

30 Ziyarah (Visitation) of Al-Husain اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خِيَرَةَ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ خِيَرَتِه السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّينَ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ فَاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ثَارَ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ ثَارِهِ وَالْوِتْرَ الْمَوْتُورَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى الْأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنِّي جَمِيعاً سَلاَمُ اللَّهِ أَبَداً مَا بَقِيتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ …..

31 Ziyarah (Visitation) of Al-Husain Peace be on you, O Aba Abdillah! Peace be on you, O son of the Messenger of Allah! Peace be upon, O the Finest of God’s Creatures and the son of the Finest of God’s Creatures! Peace be on you, O son of the Commander of the Faithful and the forebear of the Prophet's successors! Peace be on you, O son of Fatima, the choicest among the women of the worlds! Peace be on you, who was martyred while fighting in the cause of Allah, and the son of Allah's fearless warrior, who was attacked with a vengeance! Peace be on you and on those souls which had gathered in your camp, in your journey. To all of you I pray Allah to be in Peaceas long as I live, and as long as nights follow the days.

32 Shrine of Imam Al-Husain


34 In Conclusion Statistics are presented about the martyrs in Ashuraa The extent of Al-Husain's camp The huge disproportion of the two sides The extent of the losses of: A baby Five very young children A woman Bothers, nephews, and others The amazing stance of Al-Husain against the enemy All taking place in one day: Ashuraa That is what makes Ashuraa Unique in History

35 May Allah Bless you Be in Allah’s Care A.S. Hashim MD

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