Presentation on theme: "The experience of Mauritius 57 th Congress in Cameroon 23-30 October, 2009 Aline Wong."— Presentation transcript:
The experience of Mauritius 57 th Congress in Cameroon October, 2009 Aline Wong
Food Crisis ◦ Increase in household food budget (CSO) - higher prices of meat and sugar; - higher prices of some ready-made clothing; - higher prices of gasoline and diesel; and - lower prices of milk. International economic Crisis ◦ Retrenchment in EPZ (figures) Elimination trade protection ◦ Increased competition with China in garment ◦ Fall of 36% in sugar prices Increasing oil prices ◦ Increase of 15-20% of operational costs of enterprises without being able pas on cost increases on their products
A concrete approach to address increasing poverty pressures in a context of economic downturn and uncertainty, and restricted public funds.
Review of personal income tax regime Introduction of a campment tax Review of cost of annual lease of government land Corporate tax maintained at 15%, but with an additional commitment of 2% for Corporate Social Responsibility projects Restructuring of MRA Tax on residential property Donor agencies Soft loans negotiated with major trade partners
Job fairs for unemployed groups affected by retrenchment ( June 2007 onwards) Workfare programme since (Feb 2009 onwards) Mix of work and training scheme Placement for training programme Espace des metiers (Oct 2009) Faster business registration (3 days) Special Programme for Unemployed Women
Budget of Rs1 billion (about US$40 million) ◦ Mix of assistance and soft loans for group projects Objective: To reduce imports in the island and achieve food sufficiency Public private partnership: Sugar companies have made about 400 hectares of land available to the government Farmers who register with the programme and would also get technical advice to operate in an industrial approach.
ConstraintsActions undertaken Access to creditDBM : 9%, MPCB: 8.5%, Bank One: 11.35%, ownership of immovable property no longer a condition + CSR Access to landFood Security Fund programme: Support for land clearing and soft loans for start-up expenditures (building, purchase of animals) + access to land Access to information Sensitisation and mobilisation through Women Centers, regional workfare and entrepreneurship programmes, sensitisation of socio-cultural groups and NGOs, hotline, regular radio ads + development of dedicated radio programme for women empowerment Access to tailor- made business development assistance Support for project preparation and assessment of feasibility Focus on innovation (products, services) Structuring of “filieres” to enable business and employment creation Funding of capacity building programmes (less theoretical, more practical ) Institution of a mentoring scheme for start-ups
StagesIssuesNeeds Orientation towards work Assessment of skills set / aptitudes / interests Availability - time Limited knowledge of work requirements Ability to handle new challenges Skills / aptitudes test Personal profiling for commitments Information sharing about industry, basic pay rates, rights etc. Life skills / marketing of own services Entrepreneurship orientation Low innovation in products Training not related to business realities Limited capacity in preparing bankable projects Review product development cycle Encourage market testing Action learning, capacity building in direct sales, support for preparation of first brochures Facilitate project preparation Successfully obtained credit Close monitoring to avoid teething problems Sustained capacity building Mentoring Negotiations, small business management, finance etc.
Failure of pure re-skilling ◦ Re-skilling needs to be accompanied by internships ◦ Training and placement mechanism enables provides an entry into enterprises with opportunities of employment offers Need for Life Skills in order to reinforce ◦ Self confidence ◦ Endurance ◦ Facilitate reorganisation of family life and allow enterprise level access
Support to SMEs facing finanical difficulties due to the global financial crisis by way of equity supporting working capital requirements in the restructuring process. ◦ Government participates at 75% in the restructuring process and ◦ The SME injects 25%
Leasing facilities for acquisition and modernisation of equipments ◦ Lending rate at 8.5% ◦ Max lease amout of Rs 50 mn ◦ Initial down-payment of 10%
SMEs in manufacturing and tourism sectors facing a reduction in their turnover may obtain financial assistance for training offered to their employees as an alternative to lay off their workers at shop floor level (rank and file and first line supervisors)
An opportunity for an unemployed to gain an in-company placement coupled with a work- related formal training so as to make them employable
Booster loan of the Development Bank of Mauritius ◦ RoI: 9% ◦ Up to Rs 100,000 Mauritius Post and Cooperatives Bank ◦ RoI: 8.5% ◦ Rs 40,000 per person, up to Rs 400,000 for projects involving 10 women Bank One ◦ RoI: 11.35% ◦ Rs 50,000 – Rs 500,000
From spores to mushroom bags Mushroom bags sold to women entrepreneurs Mushroom cultivated bought back and sold to hotels Self sustainable without any Government grant or technical support Mushroom Cultivation
Electricity services Plumbing services Home maintenance Gardening etc.
Exchange of information and advice with experienced mentors Business planning and project follow- up assistance Financial contribution of 10% by beneficiary
Access to information One stop shop with all institutions 9,000 mobilised in 2 yrs
Understanding the aspirations, interests, dreams and constraints of each individual
The different faces of start- ups
3 days of direct sales training 4 days of participation in fair Instigating a taste for personal contact and direct sales All products sold out Thanks to innovativeness of products > Rs 1 mn of new orders
How is your product unique? Market testing Product development Food lab analysis analysis Bar Code registration Brand development Coming soon: Products in Super markets
Initiation of duck farms Corporate Social Responsibility support for egg incubation Value added: Samoussas “bourguignon de canard “, Frozen dishes ready to eat: “Canard a la vanille, Canard a l’orange”
Where there is a WILL, there is a WAY. BE CONFIDENT AND DARE… Thank you Aline Wong