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Welcome to the Open Sky Webinar

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the Open Sky Webinar"— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to the Open Sky Webinar
We will begin at 6pm-see you soon!

2 Adolescents, Young Adults, and Technology Understanding their Online Lives Presented by Dr. Fred Peipman, Ph.D. Open Sky Clinical Psychologist, Clinical Therapist Team C -My background-PNG- -Why I became interested in technology, nature -What we will learn today

3 Agenda Introduction: Digital Immigrant vs. Digital Native
What are they doing online? Potential Problems How to support them Benefits of Disconnecting from Technology

4 This generation (adolescents and young adults) iGeneration,
Also called the “trophy kids” as parents reward them for EVERYTHING They look at technology like we look at air- Larry Rosen- not just a tool, but something they sleep, wake, live with

5 Digital Immigrants vs. Digital Natives
Conventional Speed Existing Content User Generated Controlled, Sequential, Focused Text First "Digital native" is a term for people born in the digital era, i.e., Generation X and younger. "digital immigrant" refers to those born mid 1960’s and who grew up in a pre-computer world. The terms "digital immigrants" and "digital natives" were popularized and elaborated upon by Dr. Mark Prensky (2001)  Digital Immigrants Tech can seem foreign Idea of outlines vs. mind maps Real-time interactions: example of using texting as instant messaging. Digital Natives Constant exposure Hyperlinked sources Real-time interactions Learning is instant, fun, relevant to now Work-Oriented Privacy and Introspection

6 What are they doing online?
61% Playing games 38% Sharing creations 53% Downloading media 62% Getting news or info  % of teen internet users in the U.S. who do the following activities online, as of September 2009▼ Share something online that you created yourself, such as your own artwork, photos, stories or videos 38 Take material you find online like songs, text or images and remix it into your own artistic creation 21 Look online for health, dieting, or physical fitness information 31 Look for information online about a health topic that’s hard to talk about, like drug use, sexual health, or depression 17 Create or work on your own online journal or blog 14 Source: The Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life project 2009 Parent-Teen Cell Phone Survey, conducted from June 26 to September 24, n= 800 teens ages (including 245 cell phone interviews). See also: Our comprehensive spreadsheet of teen tech use and ownership since 2000. 48% Shopping 73% Using social networking

7 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Internet Needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of Internet Needs Cats-Above all else, internet users require funny pictures of cats Social networks-the need to feel connected to friends, acquaintances, and people you randomly met one night Porn-The need to feel loved and give love to one’s self Fails-The need to build self-esteem by viewing the idiocy of others Knowledge search- the need to feel smart by researching useless facts, reading celebrity gossip, and self-diagnosing diseases

8 Online social networking comes in many shapes, forms, sizes
Many extensions of our various selves into cyberspace Visit virtual worlds such as Gaia, Second Life or Habbo Hotel 8 Teens prefer Facebook over Twitter and Blogging Use Twitter 8 “Micro-blogging” as status updates on Facebook


10 Creating Online Identities
Expressing identities Checking out new music-The social currency of adolescence Seeking attention and approval Possibility of fame, exposure Fame, search for attention, perpetuated by media (e.g. “reality” shows, talent competitions, Paris Hilton types) “Private” and “no parents” spaces A normal part of adolescence Escape from reality- 8.2% used the Internet as a way to escape problems or relieve a bad mood. (Pew 2007)

11 45% 32% 56% 25% 52% Chat with a stranger View pornography
Hide online activities 52% More Statistics: 31% would change their behavior if they knew their parents were watching minimizing the browser when their parents are nearby (29%) hiding and deleting text messages (20%) clearing the browser history (21%). Interestingly, girls are more likely to engage in the first two activities than boys. • Perhaps because girls tend to communicate more, they are more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as: chatting with people they don’t know in the offline world (25% girls overall and 43% among 16- to 17-year-olds) Girls also report higher frequencies of being harassed and bullied online than boys. • Almost a third (29%) of teens have downloaded a program without their parents’ knowledge 16- to 17-year-old boys (45%) are most likely to download programs without parental knowledge, or those of x-rated content. • Cyberbullying: only 29% say they have experienced it themselves. • However, one in four kids (25%) report that they wouldn’t know what to do if they were bullied or harassed online No increase in bullying since 2008 24% harassed not bullied, 13% harassed and bullied 40% takes place in-person 10% phone calls 14% via text messages 17% online 10% other ways 12% bullied in several places and several modes also high levels of distress Know someone bullied online Don’t tell parents

12 Potential Problems Abuse and dependence Wasting time Low self-worth
Escaping reality Stuck in virtual realities Depressive & anxious symptoms Dopamine surges are the common thread “Highly potent sexual stimuli (i.e. porn) and junk food are the only stimuli capable of activating the dopamine system with anywhere near the potency of addictive drugs.” –Bartley Hoebel, neuroscientist at Princeton who studies reward circuitry Our brains are programmed to want more than we can enjoy –Kent Berridge lBlasted by more sexual images online in 4 minutes than in an entire lifetime 100 years ago- less satisfaction with partners, less attractiveness of partners, less interest Dr. Patrick Carnes, a leading researcher on sexual addictions studied 932 sex addicts and found that 90% of the men and 77% of the women report that pornography is a significant element in their sexual addiction. Exposure to porn causes men to devalue real-life partners & rate them lower on attractiveness, warmth, intelligence-Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News, Porn also makes men devalue marital fidelity and believe women like rough sex. –Lance Tracy in Adult Entertainment: Disrobing an American Idol- Documentary In the Shadows of the Net, by Patrick J. Carnes, PhD Copyright © 2004 Patrick J. Carnes

13 Inappropriate Sharing
Sharing or posting anything… Mom wouldn’t like Unsafe Irresponsible Provocative Illicit or illegal Embarrassing “Posting personal information online does not, by itself, appear to be a particularly risky behavior” Wolak, et. Al (2007)

14 Online Identities & Interactions
Mindlessness Online Disinhibition Effect Suler, J. (2004) Anonymous-You don’t know me Invisible –You can’t see me Dissociative-Takes us away from present time and space Perceived Equality- We are all equals online, authority is minimized I can be whatever I want to be online Introjection-It’s all in my head Altered Boundaries- Hard to tell where one thing/person begins and another ends Multi Socializing They think they can ctrl+alt+delete but someone somewhere has it.

15 Impression Management
Authentic self-presentation vs. … Presenting a public image that is favorable Fundamental in human interactions Trying to influence the perceptions of others by regulating and controlling information in social interaction (Piwinger & Ebert 2001, pp. 1–2) "When an individual appears in the presence of others, there will usually be some reason for him to mobilize his activity so that it will convey an impression to others which it is in his interests to convey.“      -Erving Goffman Adolescents in clinical settings: poor impression management with peers, adults, parents but so much better online. Illustrations of the times: "You never get a second chance to make a first impression.“ -And impressions can be changed, but it takes work. "Never let them see you sweat."

16 Setting Cyberspace Boundaries
Limit online time Think of long-term online identities Share or talk about profiles Talk to kids about pornography Assess online activities Discuss changing content, connections Be aware of trends, technologies What you think may be a moment in time may seem like the whole reality to someone else Web 2.0, 3.0 etc. Facebook sent Cease & Desist letter Setting limits as to when, how soon, how you will respond-It’s good modeling for others.

17 Helping Find Balance High speed/Low speed Acceleration/stillness
Virtual/face-to-face communication Watching online videos and watching sunsets in 'real' life Reading blogs and s and reading hardcover books, poetry or sacred texts Playing online and playing offline (in person) Surfing the Internet and surfing the Inner-net

18 Balance Virtual/face-to-face communication
Watching online videos and watching sunsets in 'real' life Playing online and playing offline (in person) Surfing the Internet and surfing the Inner-net

19 Benefits of Disconnecting from Technology
Discovering authentic self More meaningful connections Increased creativity Better eating habits & sleep Lowered stress, anxiety, depression More grounded and connected to peers, parents Meaningful connections to: family, therapist, field guides Letters allow for reflection Learning to read body language, making eye contact, reflective listening Creativity is increased Sense of peace and contentment increasedMore restful, peaceful sleep Better eating habits Stress is lowered, less anxious, less depressed More stability in their moods Fewer physical aliments (backaches, headaches, stomach problems lessoned)

20 Thank You! Gathering data from online websites.
Please keep this browser window open. When the presentation is complete, it will take you to a short survey for today’s webinar. Closing comments & questions Ask if anyone has looked up clients on Facebook, Google, etc. What about your own social networking profiles? Gathering data from online websites. Confidentiality and Privacy. Trust issues. Managing your own online identities. Communication with parents. Sharing information with schools. Facebook Friends or not? To pry, or not? Encourage clients, families to share profiles. Privacy/freedom of expression.

21 References “Do you know where your kids are clicking?” (2006). PC Buffardi, L.E., & Campbell, W.K. (2008): Narcissism and S0cial Networking Websites. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. ComScore.Com (2008). Press Releases. CyberTipLine: Finkelhor, D., Mitchel, K. J. l., & Wolak, J(2007): “Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later”. Alexandria, Virginia: National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. Finkelhor, D., Mitchel, K. J. l., & Wolak, J. (2003). "Escaping or connecting? Characteristics of youth who form close online relationships." Journal of Adolescence 26 (2003), page 105. Harding, Tucker. (2010). Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants. Retrieved on February 3, 2011 from Hewitt, H. (2005) Blog: understanding the information reformation that’s changing your world. Nashville, TN: Nelson Books. Ketchum Global Research Network. Parents' Internet Monitoring Study. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children and Cox Communications, 2005. Lee YS, Han DH, Yang KC, et al. Depression-like characteristics of 5HTTLPR polymorphism and temperament in excessive internet users. J Affect Disord. 2008;109:165–169. [PubMed] National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (2007). Online Victimization: A report on the Nations Youth. Pew Internet & American Life Project (2008). Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon 9 (5). Retrieved Jan., 29, 2011, from Richardson, W. (2006). Blogs, wikis, podcasts, and other powerful web tools for classrooms. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. Schwartz, B. (2004). The paradox of choice: Why more is less. New York: Ecco. Teenage Research Unlimited. Teen Internet Safety Survey. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children and Cox Communications, 2006. Tugend, Alina (2010). “Too Many Choices: A Problem That Can Paralyze.” New York Times, February 26, 2010. Wagner, M. D. (2006). An Introduction to the read/write web in education. Gifted Education Communicator. Summer 2006, Vol 37, No. 2. Zur, O. & Zur, A. (2011): On Digital Immigrants and Digital Natives: How the Digital Divide Affects Families, Educational Institutions, and the Workplace. Zur Institute - Online Publication. Retrieved on 10/29/2011 from

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