Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the Open Sky Webinar"— Presentation transcript:
1 Welcome to the Open Sky Webinar We will begin at 6pm-see you soon!
2 Adolescents, Young Adults, and Technology Understanding their Online Lives Presented by Dr. Fred Peipman, Ph.D. Open Sky Clinical Psychologist, Clinical Therapist Team C-My background-PNG--Why I became interested in technology, nature-What we will learn today
3 Agenda Introduction: Digital Immigrant vs. Digital Native What are they doing online?Potential ProblemsHow to support themBenefits of Disconnecting from Technology
4 This generation (adolescents and young adults) iGeneration, Also called the “trophy kids” as parents reward them for EVERYTHINGThey look at technology like we look at air- Larry Rosen- not just a tool, but something they sleep, wake, live with
5 Digital Immigrants vs. Digital Natives Conventional SpeedExisting ContentUser GeneratedControlled, Sequential,FocusedText First"Digital native" is a term for people born in the digital era, i.e., Generation X and younger."digital immigrant" refers to those born mid 1960’s and who grew up in a pre-computer world.The terms "digital immigrants" and "digital natives" were popularized and elaborated upon by Dr. Mark Prensky (2001) Digital ImmigrantsTech can seem foreignIdea of outlines vs. mind mapsReal-time interactions: example of using texting as instant messaging.Digital NativesConstant exposureHyperlinked sourcesReal-time interactionsLearning is instant, fun, relevant to nowWork-OrientedPrivacy andIntrospection
6 What are they doing online? 61%Playing games38%Sharing creations53%Downloading media62%Getting news or info % of teen internet users in the U.S. who do the following activities online, as of September 2009▼Share something online that you created yourself, such as your own artwork, photos, stories or videos 38Take material you find online like songs, text or images and remix it into your own artistic creation 21Look online for health, dieting, or physical fitness information 31Look for information online about a health topic that’s hard to talk about, like drug use, sexual health, or depression 17Create or work on your own online journal or blog 14Source: The Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life project 2009 Parent-Teen Cell Phone Survey, conducted from June 26 to September 24, n= 800 teens ages (including 245 cell phone interviews). See also: Our comprehensive spreadsheet of teen tech use and ownership since 2000.48%Shopping73%Using social networking
7 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Internet Needs Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsMaslow’s Hierarchy of Internet NeedsCats-Above all else, internet users require funny pictures of catsSocial networks-the need to feel connected to friends, acquaintances, and people you randomly met one nightPorn-The need to feel loved and give love to one’s selfFails-The need to build self-esteem by viewing the idiocy of othersKnowledge search- the need to feel smart by researching useless facts, reading celebrity gossip, and self-diagnosing diseases
8 Online social networking comes in many shapes, forms, sizes Many extensions of our various selves into cyberspaceVisit virtual worlds such as Gaia, Second Life or Habbo Hotel 8Teens prefer Facebook over Twitter and BloggingUse Twitter 8“Micro-blogging” as status updates on Facebook
10 Creating Online Identities Expressing identitiesChecking out new music-The social currency of adolescenceSeeking attention and approvalPossibility of fame, exposureFame, search for attention, perpetuated by media (e.g. “reality” shows, talent competitions, Paris Hilton types)“Private” and “no parents” spacesA normal part of adolescenceEscape from reality- 8.2% used the Internet as a way to escape problems or relieve a bad mood. (Pew 2007)
11 45% 32% 56% 25% 52% Chat with a stranger View pornography Hide online activities52%More Statistics:31% would change their behavior if they knew their parents were watchingminimizing the browser when their parents are nearby (29%)hiding and deleting text messages (20%)clearing the browser history (21%).Interestingly, girls are more likely to engage in the first two activities than boys.• Perhaps because girls tend to communicate more, they are more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as:chatting with people they don’t know in the offline world (25% girls overall and 43% among 16- to 17-year-olds)Girls also report higher frequencies of being harassed and bullied online than boys.• Almost a third (29%) of teens have downloaded a program without their parents’ knowledge16- to 17-year-old boys (45%) are most likely to download programs without parental knowledge, or those of x-rated content.• Cyberbullying: only 29% say they have experienced it themselves.• However, one in four kids (25%) report that they wouldn’t know what to do if they were bullied or harassed onlineNo increase in bullying since 200824% harassed not bullied, 13% harassed and bullied40% takes place in-person10% phone calls14% via text messages17% online10% other ways12% bullied in several places and several modes also high levels of distressKnow someone bullied onlineDon’t tell parents
13 Inappropriate Sharing Sharing or posting anything…Mom wouldn’t likeUnsafeIrresponsibleProvocativeIllicit or illegalEmbarrassing“Posting personal information online does not, by itself, appear to be a particularly risky behavior”Wolak, et. Al (2007)
14 Online Identities & Interactions MindlessnessOnline Disinhibition Effect Suler, J. (2004)Anonymous-You don’t know meInvisible –You can’t see meDissociative-Takes us away from present time and spacePerceived Equality- We are all equals online, authority is minimizedI can be whatever I want to be onlineIntrojection-It’s all in my headAltered Boundaries- Hard to tell where one thing/person begins and another endsMulti SocializingThey think they can ctrl+alt+delete but someone somewhere has it.
15 Impression Management Authentic self-presentation vs. …Presenting a public image that is favorableFundamental in human interactionsTrying to influence the perceptions of others by regulating and controlling information in social interaction (Piwinger & Ebert 2001, pp. 1–2)"When an individual appears in the presence of others, there will usually be some reason for him to mobilize his activity so that it will convey an impression to others which it is in his interests to convey.“ -Erving GoffmanAdolescents in clinical settings: poor impression management with peers, adults, parents but so much better online.Illustrations of the times:"You never get a second chance to make a first impression.“ -And impressions can be changed, but it takes work."Never let them see you sweat."
16 Setting Cyberspace Boundaries Limit online timeThink of long-term online identitiesShare or talk about profilesTalk to kids about pornographyAssess online activitiesDiscuss changing content, connectionsBe aware of trends, technologiesWhat you think may be a moment in time may seem like the whole reality to someone elseWeb 2.0, 3.0 etc.Myparentsjoinedfacebook.comSuicidemachine.orgFacebook sent Cease & Desist letterSetting limits as to when, how soon, how you will respond-It’s good modeling for others.
17 Helping Find Balance High speed/Low speed Acceleration/stillness Virtual/face-to-face communicationWatching online videos and watching sunsets in 'real' lifeReading blogs and s and reading hardcover books, poetry or sacred textsPlaying online and playing offline (in person)Surfing the Internet and surfing the Inner-net
18 Balance Virtual/face-to-face communication Watching online videos and watching sunsets in 'real' lifePlaying online and playing offline (in person)Surfing the Internet and surfing the Inner-net
19 Benefits of Disconnecting from Technology Discovering authentic selfMore meaningful connectionsIncreased creativityBetter eating habits & sleepLowered stress, anxiety, depressionMore grounded and connected to peers, parentsMeaningful connections to: family, therapist, field guidesLetters allow for reflectionLearning to read body language, making eye contact, reflective listeningCreativity is increasedSense of peace and contentment increasedMore restful, peaceful sleepBetter eating habitsStress is lowered, less anxious, less depressedMore stability in their moodsFewer physical aliments (backaches, headaches, stomach problems lessoned)
20 Thank You! Gathering data from online websites. Please keep this browser window open. When the presentation is complete, it will take you to a short survey for today’s webinar.Closing comments & questionsAsk if anyone has looked up clients on Facebook, Google, etc.What about your own social networking profiles?Gathering data from online websites.Confidentiality and Privacy.Trust issues.Managing your own online identities.Communication with parents.Sharing information with schools.Facebook Friends or not?To pry, or not?Encourage clients, families to share profiles.Privacy/freedom of expression.
21 References“Do you know where your kids are clicking?” (2006). PC Magazine.comBuffardi, L.E., & Campbell, W.K. (2008): Narcissism and S0cial Networking Websites. – Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.ComScore.Com (2008). Press Releases.CyberTipLine:Finkelhor, D., Mitchel, K. J. l., & Wolak, J(2007): “Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later”. Alexandria, Virginia: National Center for Missing & Exploited Children.Finkelhor, D., Mitchel, K. J. l., & Wolak, J. (2003). "Escaping or connecting? Characteristics of youth who form close online relationships." Journal of Adolescence 26 (2003), page 105.Harding, Tucker. (2010). Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants. Retrieved on February 3, 2011 fromHewitt, H. (2005) Blog: understanding the information reformation that’s changing your world. Nashville, TN: Nelson Books.Ketchum Global Research Network. Parents' Internet Monitoring Study. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children and Cox Communications, 2005.Lee YS, Han DH, Yang KC, et al. Depression-like characteristics of 5HTTLPR polymorphism and temperament in excessive internet users. J Affect Disord. 2008;109:165–169. [PubMed]National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (2007). Online Victimization: A report on the Nations Youth.Pew Internet & American Life Project (2008).Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon 9 (5). Retrieved Jan., 29, 2011, fromRichardson, W. (2006). Blogs, wikis, podcasts, and other powerful web tools for classrooms. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.Schwartz, B. (2004). The paradox of choice: Why more is less. New York: Ecco.Teenage Research Unlimited. Teen Internet Safety Survey. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children and Cox Communications, 2006.Tugend, Alina (2010). “Too Many Choices: A Problem That Can Paralyze.” New York Times, February 26, 2010.Wagner, M. D. (2006). An Introduction to the read/write web in education. Gifted Education Communicator. Summer 2006, Vol 37, No. 2.Zur, O. & Zur, A. (2011): On Digital Immigrants and Digital Natives: How the Digital Divide Affects Families, Educational Institutions, and the Workplace. Zur Institute - Online Publication. Retrieved on 10/29/2011 from http://www.zurinstitute.com/digital_divide.html.
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