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Click Button DIRECTIONS FOR GAME Your mission is to match each of the 16 compositions with the correct composer. On each game slide, you will see a composer’s.

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Presentation on theme: "Click Button DIRECTIONS FOR GAME Your mission is to match each of the 16 compositions with the correct composer. On each game slide, you will see a composer’s."— Presentation transcript:


2 Click Button

3 DIRECTIONS FOR GAME Your mission is to match each of the 16 compositions with the correct composer. On each game slide, you will see a composer’s name at the top. Then you will see four colored squares with the names of four different compositions. Click on one of the squares to match the composition with the composer’s name at the top of the slide. If you get it wrong, you’ll get a “wrong answer” slide. If you get it right, you’ll get a “right answer” slide, followed by a “fact slide” about the composition and the composer. GOOD LUCK!! Click here to begin


5 RICHARD STRAUSS Also Sprach Zarathustra: Prelude Carnival of the Animals: “Fossils” “American Salute”“Maple Leaf Rag”

6 Also Sprach Zarathustra: Prelude Strauss born in Germany Tone Poem written in 1896 by Richard Strauss Tone poem is a piece that suggests strong feelings and moods or that tells a dramatic story using only instruments Scored for very large orchestra, including pipe organ Opens with low, ominous rumble in the pipe organ – followed by first set of motifs (A) – rising melody in unison trumpets, full brass chords, and ringing timpani pattern. Repeated with slight variation. Third time, the chords are extended into a brilliant, full orchestra fanfare (B). Listen for the pipe organ that continues after the final chord.



9 BACH Firebird: “Infernal Dance” Aida: “Triumphal March” Concerto for Two Violins in d minor: 1 st Movement 12 American Preludes: No. 9, “Tribute to Aaron Copeland

10 Concerto for Two Violins in d minor: 1 st Movement Bach born in Germany His death in 1750 marked the end of the Baroque era Orphaned at the age of 10 – went to live with his older brother, J. C. Bach Worked for the church – wrote an enormous amount of music Often created a whole new set of choral and instrumental pieces EVERY WEEK for Sunday services Concerto is a piece written for full orchestra with solo or solos This piece has two solo violin parts – the second violin plays before the first violin



13 MOZART Pictures at an Exhibition: “Promenade” Exsultate, Jubilate: “Alleluja” Carnival of the Animals: “Fossils” Abdelazar: Rondeau

14 Exsultate, Jubilate: “Alleluja” Mozart was born in Austria in 1756 Began playing the harpsichord at the age of 3 Was composing music at the age of 5 Performing for European royalty by 6 Wrote his first symphony at 8 and his first opera at 11 Often deeply in debt and had trouble supporting his family Wrote over 600 works of music by the time he died at the age of 35 (600 pieces in 30 short years!) Exsultate, Jubilate was written when Mozart was 16 The last movement, “Alleluja”, is still a favorite of audiences



17 Stravinsky Symphony No. 5: 1 st Movement Alsp Sprach Zarathustra: Prelude Firebird: “Infernal Dance: A Midsummer Night’s Dream: “Dance of the Clowns”

18 Firebird, “Infernal Dance” Stravinsky was born in Russia, 1882 Died in New York, 1971 His father was a singer but wanted his son to be an attorney Had no interest in law and wanted to be a musician One of the most influential composers of the 20 th century Firebird is a ballet Music begins with a loud, crashing chord, followed by a scary, low-pitched theme (A) Has 5 different themes but does not follow a classic “form”. The “A” theme is repeated several times



21 Saint-Saëns A Midsummer Night’s Dream: “Dance of the Clowns” “Maple Leaf Rag” Gianni Schicchi: “O mio babbino caro” Carnival of the Animals: “Fossils”

22 Carnival of the Animals: “Fossils” Saint-Saëns born 1835 in Paris Died 1921 in Algeria Began writing music at age 4 Father died when he was only a few months old – raised by his mother and aunt Aunt gave him his first piano lessons Could play dozens of Beethoven piano sonatas from memory at 11 Composed “Carnival of the Animals” as a joke for a special Mardi Gras concert but would not allow it to be published during his lifetime – he felt it was not a “serious” piece of music Scored for two pianos and orchestra Instruments imitate sounds and characteristics of animals



25 Gould “American Salute”Symphony No. 5: 1 st Movement 12 American Preludes: No. 9, “Tribute to Aaron Copland” Pictures at an Exhibition: “Promenade”

26 “American Salute” Gould was born in 1913 in New York Died in 1996 in Florida Was improvising at the piano and writing his first compositions almost before he was old enough to go to school Published his first piano piece at 6 Trained at Juilliard School of Music in New York Worked as a pianist in a theater as a teenager First staff pianist at the newly-opened Radio City Music Hall in the 1920’s Composed “American Salute” in less than a day in 1943 (during WW II) for a U. S. Government Radio program Captures the energy of soldiers marching off to war and home again, victorious Tune is a traditional Irish marching song – became known during Civil War as “When Johnny Comes Marching Home”



29 Mussorgsky/Ravel Pictures at an Exhibition: “Promenade” Concerto for Two Violins in d minor: 1 st Movement “American Salute”Abdelazar: Rondeau

30 Pictures at an Exhibition: “Promenade” Mussorgsky was born 1839, Karevo, Russia Died 1881, St. Petersburg, Russia Born to a noble family Had a good education – parents hoped he would follow family tradition and become military officer Abandoned military life for music In “Pictures at an Exhibition”, Mussorgsky takes us to a gallery where we can “walk” from picture to picture Promenade theme will appear between each musical “picture” when entire work is heard Solo trumpet is featured throughout Echoes the melodic and rhythmic style of Russian folk music Originally written for piano, but was arranged for orchestra by several composers, including French composer, Maurice Ravel



33 Vivaldi “Take Five”Gloria in D: “Gloria In excelsis Deo” Aida: “Triumphal March” Exsultate, Jubilate: “Alleluja”

34 Gloria in D: “Gloria in excelsis Deo” Born 1678, Venice, Italy Died 1741, Vienna, Austria Nicknamed “The Red Priest” because of his fiery red hair and because he was a priest as well as a composer His father taught him to play the violin and became a well-known solo violinist Since the only way to make a living as a musician was to work for the church, he became a priest and found a job as music master at a girls orphanage in Venice Wrote over 300 concertos, mostly for violin First section of the piece, “Gloria in excelsis Deo” is scored almost like a concerto. Listen for octave leaps and running figures in thirds. Melodies sung by chorus stay on same pitch or move by step.



37 Beethoven Exsultate, Jublilate: “Alleluja” Pictures at an Exhibition: “Promenade” Aida: “Triumphal March” Symphony No. 5: 1 st Movement

38 Symphony No. 5: 1 st Movement Born 1770, Bonn, German Died 1827, Vienna, Austria Father wanted him to be a famous child prodigy like Mozart – made him practice long hours at the piano and perform in public before he was ready Punished him for mistakes at the piano Began to lose his hearing in his mid-20’s People in town thought him rude – he wouldn’t speak when spoken to – townspeople didn’t know he was deaf! Communicated with his family by writing on a small chalkboard Brahms and Schubert revered Beethoven and asked to be buried next to him when they died Often worked on several pieces at once – juggling back and forth from one to another Symphony No. 5 and Symphony No. 6 written this way and both premiered at same concert in 1808 Symphony No. 5 is vigorous – almost angry – noisily triumphant in the end Written in sonata form (ABA) “A” form begins with famous four-note motif of 3 eighth notes and one half note and is repeated in different ways all through the piece “B” form is a contrasting, lyrical theme



41 Puccini Gianni Schicchi: “O mio babbino caro” Firebird: “Infernal Dance” “Maple Leaf Rag”Carnival of the Animals: “Fossils”

42 Gianni Schicchi: “O mio babbino caro” Born 1858, Lucca, Italy Died 1924, Brussels, Belgium Undisciplined child and a poor student Became one of the world’s most renowned opera composers Came from a long line of musicians Inspired to being composing after attending performance of Verdi’s “Aida” Wrote many operas, many of which are still performed and admired Most of his operas have sad, even tragic stories Gianni Schicci is a comedy and Puccini’s only comic opera (short one act) “O mio babbino caro” is sung by Lauretta who begs her father to do something to make it possible for her to marry the man that she loves Form is ABAB1B2 Aria is a song in an opera that features one singer



45 Verdi Also Sprach Zarathustra: Prelude Aida: “Triumphal March” Gloria in D: “Gloria In excelsis Deo” “American Salute”

46 Aida: “Triumphal March” Born 1813, Roncole, Italy Died 1901, Milan, Italy Studied music after his family moved to a larger city At 20, he moved to Milan to pursue a career. Here he staged his first opera, which was a great success Composed one “hit” opera after another over the next 50 years Suffered a stroke in 1901 – town officials covered the street outside his room with straw so the horses wouldn’t disturb his rest When he died, the streets of Milan were mobbed by the thousands, he was loved so much Aida completed in 1871 and first performed at the Royal Opera House in Cairo, Egypt Involves a love triangle between Aida, the Ethiopian king’s daughter, Radames, the leader of the Egyptian army, and the Egyptian king’s daughter Form is ABACDEFE



49 Ginastera 12 American Preludes: No. 9, “Tribute to Aaron Copland” “Maple Leaf Rag” A Midsummer Night’s Dream: “Dance of the Clowns” Gloria in D: “Gloria in excelsis Deo”

50 12 American Preludes: No. 9, “Tribute to Aaron Copland” Born 1916, Buenos Aires, Argentina Died 1983, Geneva, Switzerland Wrote music that used styles, rhythms and traditions of Argentina Also used every-day subjects about the people and lifestyles of Argentina, such as farming and ranching Entered the Buenos Aires conservatory of music at 12 Became well-known in Argentina while still young – music was performed world-wide One of the most influential Latin American composers of the 20 th century Visited the U.S. in 1945 and worked with American composer Aaron Copland Paid tribute to Copland by writing a prelude in his 12 American Preludes Musical explosion of fast patterns – perhaps depicting the excitement of New York City and the pleasure of discovering a new place and new ideas



53 Joplin Concerto for Two Violins in d minor: 1 st Movement Abdelazar: Rondeau “Maple Leaf Rag”Symphony No. 5: 1 st Movement

54 “Maple Leaf Rag” Born 1868 near Texarkana, Texas Died 1917, New York, New York Born into a poor, black family – abandoned by his father – mother must work cleaning houses to support the family Goes with his mother to work, playing her employers’ pianos and teaching himself to play Wanted to make something of himself – helped out by a teacher who taught him for free. Later on, Joplin sent money back to his teacher when he was old and sick. Studied composition at an all-black college in Missouri – played piano in cafes and clubs The Maple Leaf Club in Missouri was a private club where Joplin played piano – “Maple Leaf Rag” named for this club Cheerful, rhythmic piece that makes people want to get up and dance Right hand plays syncopated melodies while left hand plays very steady rhythms that jump or “stride” back and forth from lower to higher pitches across the keyboard “Maple Leaf Rag” is made up for 4 themes: A, B, C, D



57 Mendelssohn Gianni Schicchi: “O Mio babbino caro” “American Salute” “Take Five”A Midsummer Night’s Dream: “Dance Of the Clowns”

58 A Midsummer Night’s Dream: “Dance of the Clowns” Born 1809, Hamburg, Germany Died 1847, Berlin, Germany Was a gifted child prodigy, like Mozart Learned to compose for and play on violin and keyboard instruments when he was very small Born into a close-knit, loving, well-to-do family 17 when he composed a concert overture to Shakespeare’s play, A Midsummer Night’s Dream The story is a comedy, set in an enchanted forest filled with fairies, a hobgoblin and humans “The Dance of the Clowns” is pattern Introduction, ABCADE, Coda. All themes are built out of elements from the “A” tune.



61 Purcell Carnival of the Animals: “Fossils” Aida: “Triumphal March” Abdelazar: Rondeau “American Salute”

62 Abedelazar: Rondeau Born 1659, London, England Died 1695, London, England His greatest love, and most of his music, was for the theater Began as a singer Uncle helped get him into the King’s private choir Singing career ended when his voice changed At 11 or 12, wrote a song for the King’s birthday – because one of England’s greatest composers Abdelazar (The Moor’s Revenge) is a play written by a woman – a story full of mistaken identities and trickery – not a happy tale. The Rondeau is bright and dance-like. In the Rondeau, the music always returns to the main theme (A B A C A)



65 Desmond Pictures at an Exhibition: “Promenade” “American Salute” “Take Five”Symphony No. 5: 1 st Movement

66 “Take Five” Born 1924, San Francisco, California Died 1977, New York City Had an unhappy childhood – music was his release Learned violin in elementary school; switched to clarinet in high school and then added saxophone, for which he was best known Collaborated with a classically trained pianist, Dave Brubeck, who formed a jazz quartet in 1951 Cool jazz – smooth and mellow with interesting rhythms and a strong beat but without heavy percussion Desmond was one of the main cool jazz musicians Written in 5/4 time, opens with piano, then the tune is played by the clarinet ABA form Two sections of improvisation, first by the clarinet, then the piano


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