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SHORT SIMPLE SENTENCES & FRAGMENTS GRAMMAR. What is a “simple” sentence? Strictly, it has a subject and a verb. It is one independent clause. It may have.

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Presentation on theme: "SHORT SIMPLE SENTENCES & FRAGMENTS GRAMMAR. What is a “simple” sentence? Strictly, it has a subject and a verb. It is one independent clause. It may have."— Presentation transcript:

1 SHORT SIMPLE SENTENCES & FRAGMENTS GRAMMAR

2 What is a “simple” sentence? Strictly, it has a subject and a verb. It is one independent clause. It may have a compound subject, a compound verb, a modifier, and an object or complement, but it still is one independent clause. On the next slide, are some of Ehrenreich’s simple sentences…

3 Ehrenreich’s Simple Sentences: “There is a problem, though.” “But the chances of this are minuscule.” “This must be Phillip’s theory, anyway.” “Finally she tells me not to worry.” “What had I been thinking?”

4 Did you know that a simple sentence can be long? The s and phone messages addressed to my former self come from a distant race of people with exotic concerns and far too much time on their hands. 28 words. This lesson is not about really long simple sentences, but short simple sentences of no more than 7 words…

5 What is a sentence fragment (and why do English teachers dislike them?) A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence that readers understand to be complete. Some fragments are missing a subject, verb or both. Other fragments have a subject and verb, but are dependent clauses: “Wouldn’t it be better for the kids if the mother stayed at home? No offense, but no.” “Wouldn’t it be better for the kids if the mother stayed at home? No offense, but no it would not be better.”

6 Fragment created by free-standing dependent clause: “Hurry, I urge my country. Before it’s too late.” Or we can make one complete sentence, connecting the dependent clause to the simple sentence (aka, independent clause), that precedes it: “Hurry, I urge my country, before it’s too late.”

7 Rhetorical & Stylistic Strategy: A series of simple sentences can become monotonous, but one or two short simple sentences can be rhetorically effective in a number of situations: 1.After several long sentences 2.As a summary of what the writer has just said 3.As a transition between sentences or paragraphs

8 Emphasis by Contrast: One or two short simple sentences create emphasis by contrast. When a writer juxtaposes one or two short simple sentences with several ones, you call attention to the short simple ones: “The question is not whether it is good or bad to import workers or export jobs. The problem is that society has hit an emotional roadblock. My country is one tremendously divided, with pro- business and pro-worker stubbornly pitted against each other. We’re anxious. We’re angry. Neither side wants to give and nothing can be solved until we acknowledge one crucial fact.”

9 Be deliberate. Be judicious. Use a short sentence or fragment deliberately, but sparingly. 1.To make a transition 2.To signal a conclusion 3.To emphasize an important point 4.To slow down the reader.


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