Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

User Interface Design for the Web

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "User Interface Design for the Web"— Presentation transcript:

1 User Interface Design for the Web
Lawrence Najjar

2 Outline Why usability is important
Challenges for designing Web-based user interfaces Web user interface design process

3 Why Usability is Important
Biggest problem with Web is download time1 Second biggest reason people don’t buy from Web site is navigation difficulties2 28% of Web shoppers surveyed had trouble finding the product they wanted3 83% of Web shoppers surveyed left a site due to bad performance, especially poor navigation and slow downloads4 62% of Web shoppers surveyed gave up looking for a product online3 Dissatisfied customers tell about 10 others5

4 Why Usability is Important (continued)
If usability improved, sales can improve IBM sales increased 400% after site redesign6 Digital Equipment Corporation found 80% increase in revenue7 One study8 estimated that improving the customer experience increases conversion rate by 40% and increases order size by 10%.

5 Challenges for Designing Web-based User Interfaces
Short download times Limited interaction options (ex. no drag-and-drop) Broad user population Impatient users Many application choices Diverse interaction hardware and software Multiple languages Disabled users

6 Web User Interface Design Process
Define users Define functional requirements Write use cases Develop site diagram Build interactive wireframe mockup Test usability Write functional design specifications Perform acceptance test

7 1. Define Users Develop user profile Perform experience architecture
Create personas and scenarios

8 User Profile Facility Managers Gender Generally male Age
30 to 50 years old Education High school graduate Income $25,000 to $45,000 per year Location Facility manager office in office building Computer experience Moderate. Facility manager uses computer for and researching products on the Web Computer IBM-compatible personal computer Web connection Slow connections (56K modem) Objectives Want to save time, reduce costs of running facility, monitor security, and control specific equipment as needed.

9 Experience Architecture
Audience Tech expert Gadget lover Tech novice Learn about products Intent Solve problems Home Get entertained Context Work


11 2. Define Functional Requirements
Identify functional requirements Ask client Ask users – focus groups, interviews, contextual inquiry, questionnaires Prioritize functional requirements Select functional requirements Get client approval

12 Functional Requirements
Description Priority Register Enter registration and personalization information Low Search Find product High Browse Browse catalog for product

13 3. Write Use Cases Identify use cases Prioritize use cases
Scope use cases Select use cases Get client approval

14 Use Cases Function Description Priority Use Case Register
Enter registration and personalization information Low Use Case Task Flow Description User Preference Differentiation from Competitors Technical Difficulty Show confirmation Provide confirmation when user adds, edits, or erases registration Medium Low Remove confirmation Take the confirmation off the page Change registration Edit user’s reg. information Remove registration Erase user’s registration High

15 4. Develop Site Diagram Identify sections and subsections
Name sections Iterate with client

16 Site Diagram

17 5. Build Interactive Wireframe Mockup
Show how functions may work9 Don’t show graphics Don’t use raw HTML Don’t connect to databases or other tools Iterate with client Make changes quickly and cheaply

18 Interactive Wireframe Mockup

19 6. Test Usability Add graphics to several typical task pathways
Recruit five representative users Ask users to try to perform typical tasks Record problems Ask participants to complete questionnaires Fix interactive wireframe mockup Repeat

20 Usability Test

21 7. Write Functional Design Specifications
Capture image of functional design of each page List each control Describe how each control works

22 Functional Design Specifications
Global buttons – top navigation bar GE Home - links to the GE Home page at Customer Center Home - links to the Power Systems customer center at Sales and Service Home - links to the GE Power Systems Sales and Service home page

23 8. Perform User Acceptance Test
Use actual pre-launch site Ask representative users to perform typical tasks

24 Conclusion Web usability is important
A user interface design methodology can help improve usability The real world is different from the academic world

25 References 1 Graphics, Visualization, and Usability Center (1998). GVU’s 9th WWW User Survey. Atlanta: Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing, Graphics, Visualization, and Usability Center. Available: 2 Kadison, M. L., Weisman, D. E., Modahl, M., Lieu, K. C., and Levin, K. (1998, April). On-line Research Strategies: The Look to Buy Imperative. Forrester Report, 1(1). Available: 3 Seminerio, M. (1998, September 10). Study: One In Three Experienced Surfers Find Online Shopping Difficult. Week. Available: b.html 4 Thompson, M. J. (1999, August 9). How to frustrate Web surfers. Industry Standard [On-line]. Available: 5 Albrecht, K. & Zembre, R. E. (1985). Service America. New York: Warner. 6 Tedeschi, B. (1999, August 30). Good Web site design can lead to healthy sales. New York Times e-commerce report [On-line]. Available: 7 Wixon, D., & Jones, S. (1992). Usability for fun and profit: A case study of the design of DEC RALLY version 2. Internal report, Digital Equipment Corporation. Cited in Karat, C., A business case approach to usability cost justification. In Bias, R. G., & Mayhew, D. J. (1994). Cost-justifying usability. San Diego: Academic Press. 8 Creative Good (2000, June 12). The dotcom survival guide. Creative Good [On-line]. Available:

26 References (continued)
9 Najjar, L. J. (2000). Conceptual User Interface: A new tool for designing e-commerce user interfaces. Internetworking, 3.3 [On-line]. Available:

27 Additional Readings Najjar, L. J. (1990). Using color effectively (TR ). Atlanta, GA: IBM Corporation. Available: Najjar, L. J. (1999, June). Beyond Web usability. Internetworking, 2.2 [On-line]. Available: Najjar, L. J. (in press). E-commerce user interface design for the Web. In Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Available: Nielsen, J. Nielsen, J. (2000). Designing Web usability. Indianapolis: New Riders.

Download ppt "User Interface Design for the Web"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google