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The Indians’ New World.

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Presentation on theme: "The Indians’ New World."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Indians’ New World

2 Native Americans in 1492 (North of Mexico) in 1900 In 2000
1 million? 7 million? 12 million? in 1900 250,000 in US (out of 76 million = 0.3%) In 2000 4.1 million (out of 281 million = 1.5%) 2.5 million reporting only American Indian or Alaska native 1.6 million reporting American Indian or Alaska native + other race(s)

3 The ‘Columbian Exchange’

4 Last week: ‘Indians’ and ‘Native Americans’
Diversity of native cultures Pre-contact life in Southwest and Eastern Woodlands


6 Taíno Source: Yale University Libraries

7 Hispaniola Source: Yale University Libraries

8 Guale Timucua Apalachee Calusa Juan Ponce de Léon Hernando de Soto
Coosa Juan Ponce de Léon Hernando de Soto Rene de Goulaine de Laudonnière Franciscan missionaries Cofitachequi Guale Mabila (St. Augustine) Timucua Apalachee Calusa Source: University of West Florida

9 Consequences of Spanish invasions
Depopulation due to disease and war Up to 75% of native population died Consolidation into new confederacies Creeks, Chocktaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Catawba


11 From the 1500s, European fishermen interacted with Beothuks, Montagnais, Micmacs
Jacques Cartier 1534 Source: U. Oregon Mapping History Project

12 The fur trade Deer, caribou, beaver

13 Iroquois Manhattan -> New Amsterdam -> New York Samuel de Champlain->Québec (1608). Henry Hudson. Mohawk and Mahicans. « Mourning Wars »

14 1585, 1587: Roanoke Island 1607: Jamestown, Virginia & : wars between the English and the Powhatans

15 1616: major epidemic destroyed 90% of native population along
the coast 1620: Puritans arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts 1630: more Puritans arrived 1633: another epidemic Plymouth

16 Colonial Expansion

17 Pequot massacre (1637)

18 John Eliot and the ‘praying towns’

19 Metacom’s War ( )

20 Source: Mapping History Project, U. Oregon.

21 Source: Mapping History Project, U. Oregon.

22 Main transformations Disease -> population decline -> consolidation and formation of new groups Trade -> geographic relocation, new alliances, new tools, crops, and animals Colonization -> resistance and accommodation

23 Source: Norton Anthology of American Literature, 8th ed.

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