Presentation on theme: "To know the formation and effects of a Level 4 storm in a LEDC"— Presentation transcript:
1 To know the formation and effects of a Level 4 storm in a LEDC KQ:WHAT HAPPENS IN LEDCs WHEN TROPICAL STORMS HIT LAND? A CASE STUDY OF CYCLONE NARGISTo know the formation and effects of a Level 4 storm in a LEDC
2 TASK 1:Burma (Myanmar)Burma is a LEDC with a population of 55 million and is one of the poorest countries in southeast Asia; development is restricted due to issues with the ruling military and a desire to be isolated from the rest of the world. A GDP comparison with the USA: -USABurma (Myanmar)$45,989$2,697Describe Burma’s location and stick your sheet in
4 Burma (Myanmar)Burma ranks 32nd in a list of the world’s 50 poorest countries and the last thing it needed was a disaster the size of Nargis.Describe the relief of Burma. How might this have an effect on the amount of devastation caused by Cyclone Nargis?Another physical factor has been the destruction of 83% of the mangroves in the Irrawaddy Delta. Mangrove swamps get converted into money-making areas such as shrimp farms and land for agriculture.
5 MANGROVES – A NATURAL SEA DEFENCE Mangroves act as a natural sea defence to stop storm surges – their roots catch material and absorb wave energy.
7 TASK 2: BRUTAL FACTS I Cyclone nargis Formed 27th April 2008 in the Bay of BengalHit the Irrawaddy Delta, Burma – at midday on 2nd May 2008Downgraded from a cyclone – 3rd May 2008Category 4 storm (wind speeds to 220 kph); 60 Kph less than Katrina...
8 TASK 3:BRUTAL FACTS II- 2nd deadliest cyclone of all time (after Cyclone Nina in 1975)- 125,000 people died- The cyclone was initially meant to hit Bangladesh but it changed its track and headed eastwards in the Bay of Bengal, hitting Burma instead- Cyclone Nargis caused $10 billion in damage to southern Burma- Relief efforts were slowed as Burma’s military government rejected large scale international aid
9 TASK 4: observation SKILLS NARGIS IN ACTION PLAYWATCH THE CLIPS OF CYCLONE NARGIS AND MAKE NOTES ON: -- THE EFFECTSPLAY
10 TASK 5: ANALYTICAL SKILLS READ THROUGH ‘THE HIDDEN HORRORS OF CYCLONE NARGIS’. IDENTIFY FURTHER EFFECTS AND ADD THESE TO THE LIST FROM THE VIDEOS
11 Destruction of thousands of homes Many trees lay across roads, disrupting traffic and aid supplies
12 Hundreds of thousands of people made homeless with no access to clean water Many who lost their homes – including young children – desperate to find shelterPeople had to queue to buy clean water at heavily inflated prices
14 A dead body is seen floating in floodwaters southwest of Yangon. A family lies dead in Bogolay, in one of the regions worst hit by the cyclone.A dead body is seen floating in floodwaters southwest of Yangon.
15 Flooding caused short-term effects of homelessness and death 95% of buildings in the Irrawaddy Delta destroyedLong-term effects included villages and livelihoods destroyedSewage contaminated rice fields and caused diseaseDirty water encouraged mosquitoes to breed, increasing risk of malariaElectricity lines were destroyed and roads swept away
16 The entire coastal plain is flooded in the May 5 image (bottom) The entire coastal plain is flooded in the May 5 image (bottom). The agricultural areas appear to have been especially hard hit. For example, Yangon (population over 4 million) is almost completely surrounded by floods.Explain why so many people chose to live in such a potentially dangerous area as the Irrawaddy Delta.
17 TASK 6: ANALYTICAL SKILLS READ THROUGH ‘The death and destruction of Nargis was largely hidden from world view’ AND THEN: -- EXPLAIN THE RELIEF/RESPONSE EFFORT- GIVE SPECIFIC EXAMPLES OF DIFFICULTIES IN SUPPLYING AID TO BURMA
18 Aid was being kept in cities and not reaching rural areas Foreign aid workers were not allowed into Burma or were restricted in their travelsAid was being kept in cities and not reaching rural areasThe Burmese army harassed volunteersExperts suggested resistance to aid was an attempt to preserve national prideA week after the cyclone hit, only 1 in 10 of those affected had received some sort of aidLeaflets distributed to inform people that aid deliveries only attracting children and those who do not need help
19 plenary: memory SKILLS 4Brutal facts about Nargis3Social Effects2Economic Effects1Reason why the Irrawaddy Delta was so badly affected