Causes of Flooding Human Deforestation in Himalayas (Bangladesh) Poor water management (New Orleans) Population (Bangladesh) Low and flat plains (Bangladesh) Physical High rainfall (Bangladesh) Snowmelt (Bangladesh) Relief (Bangladesh) Coastal flooding (New Orleans) Natural Disasters (New Orleans) Changing the micro climatic conditions (New Orleans)* Dumping rubish in rivers and drains. *Possibility.
New Orleans, USA. Hurricane Katrina, 2005. Caused by a bad construction. Is more vulnerable to natural disaster because of the zone where its located. Government response was lacking. The storm caused more than 50 breaches in drainage canal leves.
Bangladesh, India. Caused because deltas. Deltas are able to grow fast Low-lying islands are very vulnerable to floods Poor comunications 1987, 1988 and 1991 were of catastrophic consequence.
Recent floods in 2004 and 2010. 1987: affected 57,300 km 2 of land, (about 40% of the total area of the country) 1988: 82,000 Km2 (about 60%). 1998: over 75% of the country area was flooded. 18 major floods occurred in the 20th century. 2004: over half of country was under water.
Floods in Bangladesh http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/floo ds-in-bangladesh/8296.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/floo ds-in-bangladesh/8296.html
Effects of Flooding: Negative Loss of lives & propety (Long-term, social) Loss of livelihoods (Short-Term, social) Health issues. Decreased of production power (Long-term, social-economical) Overflooded crops (environmental)
Psychosocial effects (Long-term, social) Hindering economic growth and development (Long-term, economic) Inundated by flood (Long-term, social) Livestock loss (Long-term, economical) Buildings affected (Long (MEDC)and Short term (LEDC), economical, social). Political implications (Short-term, social, political)
Effects of Flooding: Positive Agriculture (Long-term, economical) Aliments & medical help (Short-term, social)
Responses: New Orleans American Red Cross Salvation Army Southern Baptist Convention International Medical Crops Europan Union NATO International Energy Agency United Nations & United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Word Health Organization OPEC
Responses: Bangladesh American Red Cross NGO Bangladesh Armed Forces United Nations 1.3 Non-Aligned Movement 1.4 Organisation of Islamic Cooperation 1.5 South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Word Health Organization Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific Bay of Bengal Initiative for MultiSectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Developing 8 Countries Asia Pacific Trade Agreement World Trade Organization