Presentation on theme: "Office of Human Resources and College of Social Work Understanding Your Role Protecting Minors at Ohio State."— Presentation transcript:
Office of Human Resources and College of Social Work Understanding Your Role Protecting Minors at Ohio State
Every Child Deserves a Safe Childhood Children have the right to: Safety Protection from abuse, neglect, exploitation and discrimination Safe, healthy home with adequate food and clothing An environment where they can grow and reach their potential Respect
Why Are We Here? To become aware of the frequency of child abuse To understand the types of abuse and common indicators To understand your duty to report whether they observe the incident directly or it is reported to them by someone else or they have reasonable cause to believe that abuse has occurred or may occur To know how to report suspected child abuse To become aware of Standards of Behavior To understand our accountability
Living With Child Abuse
The reality of child abuse Franklin County Children Services Services include: Addressing more than 13,000 reports of child abuse each year Investigating 7,857 reports of abuse in 2011 Investigating 4,284 reports of neglect in 2011 Provides services to more than 28,000 children annually
Understanding child abuse WHAT IS CHILD ABUSE?
What is Child Abuse? Any action that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child Four main forms: Physical abuse Sexual abuse Emotional abuse Neglect
The signs: Physical Abuse Physical abuse is defined as any physical injury or death inflicted other than by accidental means Unexplained burns Unexplained bruises on the face, lips, mouth, back, buttocks, and thighs Human bites Multiple hospital visits Seems frightened of parents and does not want to go home WHAT TO LOOK FOR AT CAMP: Unexplained bruises or burns Fear of going home Fear of going with a particular staff member Physical force used by parents
The signs: Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse occurs when a person uses power over a child, and directly involves the child in any sexual act, involves the child in pornography, or forces the child to witness sexual acts Suddenly refuses to participate in physical activities Exhibits unusual sexual knowledge or behavior Frequent and unexplained sore throats Yeast or urinary infections Torn or bloody underclothes Aggressively initiates sexual contact with another child WHAT TO LOOK FOR: Unusual sexual knowledge or behavior Child-to-child sexual contact Bruises on inner thighs or other “no touch” areas Fear of being alone with a particular camper or staff member
The Signs: Emotional Abuse Emotional abuse is a pattern of harmful interactions between the parent and child such as criticizing, belittling, rejecting, or withholding love resulting in impaired psychological growth and development Eating issues (anorexia, bulimia, etc.) Nervous habits (tics, washing hands, biting nails, extreme anxiety, etc.) Cruel behavior – using physical force or words to hurt another camper, staff member or animal. Lack of emotional attachment to parent WHAT TO LOOK FOR AT CAMP: Not eating or overeating at camp meals Extreme nervous habits – nail biting, tics, washing hands, etc. Parent/child interactions using inappropriate language or name calling
The signs: Neglect Neglect is the failure of a parent or guardian to provide for a child’s basic (i.e., food, shelter, supervision, and clothing), educational or medical needs. Neglect may exist because of the refusal to provide or because the family does not have the financial means to provide for their child Begs or steals food or money Poor hygiene Unsuitable clothing Low height and weight average Excessive absences Chronic hunger Assuming adult responsibilities (caring for younger siblings, cooking all meals, etc.) WHAT TO LOOK FOR AT CAMP: Stealing food from the lunch hall Poor shower habits/poor hygiene Dirty clothes or clothes with numerous stains and/or tears
How can you help prevent child abuse at camps? In working with children, under appropriate conditions, the following may be permissible forms of non-verbal communication: hand to shoulder contact, side by side hugs, rustling of hair, pats on the head, “high fives,” handshakes, eye contact and smiles Staff may not touch children on areas of their bodies that would be covered by a swimsuit Physical restraint (staff confining a child by holding the child appropriately) is only to be used in situations where a child puts himself/herself or others in danger and must be documented in writing
What does it mean to “suspect” child abuse? Avoid one adult/one child interactions Preventing Child Abuse in High Opportunity Areas: Dorm rooms/sleeping facility – Complete regular room checks – Do not allow camp staff to be alone in a room with a child (always take another adult or another camper) Restrooms and showers – Do not allow camp staff to be alone in a restroom with a child (always take another adult or another camper)
A camp staff member may suspect child abuse if the child: demonstrates the signs A child confides abuse to the worker Or the worker witnesses an incident of abuse and/or neglect What does it mean to “suspect” child abuse?
What if a child confides in me? If a child begins to confide in you about suspected abuse, be sure to follow these steps: Listen to the child Reassure the child Remain calm and collected Provide any immediate help you can offer the child to ensure safety Do not promise the child you will not tell anyone; you must report Do not share the information learned from the child with the alleged perpetrator Follow the steps outlined in this presentation
Who should report child abuse? The reality is that EVERYONE CAN AND SHOULD report suspected child abuse and/or neglect As a camp staff member, you MUST report suspected child abuse and/or neglect You have a duty to report
Who is responsible for reporting child abuse? The Ohio Revised Code established reporting responsibilities to a specific group of individuals: – Animal control officers/agents, attorneys, audiologists, child care workers, children services personnel, coroners, day care personnel, dentists, nurses, physicians including hospital interns and residents, podiatrists, psychiatrists, school authorities, employees and teachers, social workers, speech pathologists and other professions identified by Ohio Revised Code Section (A)(1)(b) The report MUST be made to the county Children Services Agency or a municipal or a county peace officer in the county in which the child resides or in which the abuse is occurring or has occurred Ohio State Policy REQUIRES that ALL camp staff report suspected child abuse
If you witness or you reasonably believe that there is a substantial threat, you must: Immediately report the child abuse, child neglect, child sexual abuse to the appropriate office/individual as described on the next slide. Complete the Child Abuse, Sex Abuse, or Neglect Incident Report Form as thoroughly as possible. Submit the Child Abuse, Sex Abuse, or Neglect Incident Report Form to the Office of Human Resources and keep a copy for your records. Cooperate fully and promptly with any requests for information. Use the Anonymous Reporting Line. Be aware that you will need to disclose your identity when filing the report through this line. Exercise sound judgment when discussing any reports with third parties. How do you meet your Duty to Act responsibilities?
What are your reporting duties (requirements) ? If you witness child abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect OR you believe there is a substantial threat of child abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect, you must: – Contact Children Services Agency – 24 hour Child Abuse Hotline at (Franklin County only) OR – Contact a municipal or county peace officer (Local law enforcement authority – 911) AND – Contact University Police at 911
What additional reporting options do you have? You may also use the Ohio State Anonymous Reporting Line, available on the Ohio State website (must disclose identity when filing the report) https://secure.ethicspoint.com/domain/media/en/gui/7689/index.html Complete a Whistleblower Report, available on the Ohio State Office of Human Resources website
What are the background checks requirements? All employees and volunteers working with minors in overnight camps must have a BCI background check at the time of hire. After hire, a BCI check is required every four years. FBI check required only if the employee/volunteer has not lived in Ohio for five consecutive years. All employees/volunteers who have a break in service for any period of time must have a new BCI background check. LexisNexis background check alone is insufficient to meet the above requirements. Background checks from other organizations cannot be accepted as replacements for our own background checks.
What is the Statement of Nonconviction requirement? The Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS), “Statement of Nonconviction” must be completed every year.
Responsibilities for Self-Disclosure Once employed, employees/volunteers must self-disclose any felony or misdemeanor convictions within three days of pleading guilty or being convicted. Employees/volunteers that fail to disclose criminal convictions and/or misdemeanors and/or fail to cooperate in the background check process may not be hired or will be subject to corrective action up to and including termination.
What are Standards of Behavior? The “Standards of Behavior” is an agreement that employees and volunteers are required to sign and abide by while at Ohio State (optional for minor participants). These “standards” are a guide for employee, volunteer and minor participant behavior. University departments are required to: – Issue Standards of Behavior to all employees and volunteers working with minors. – Inform and train employees on the policy “Preventing and Reporting Abuse in Programs with Minor Participants.” – Promote consistent application of policies and procedures. – Monitor behavior and address inappropriate behavior as necessary.
What accountability mechanisms are available under the policy? Individuals violating this policy will be held accountable for their actions. Consequences are: Faculty – subject to University Rule Staff and student employees – subject to corrective action up to and including termination. Students – subject to the Code of Student Conduct and expectations of the Minor Program. Volunteers – subject to reprimand or loss of volunteer status. Minor participants – may face disciplinary action up to and including removal from the program.
What resources are available? Children’s Services Agency - 24 hour Child Abuse Hotline at (Franklin County only) (Contact other County Agencies as appropriate) Municipal or County Peace Officer (Local Law Enforcement Agency) University Police - Columbus - 911; counties - contact local law enforcement Office of Legal Affairs , Michael Layish, Missy Mayhan OHR/Employee and Labor Relations Unit HRP and/or supervisor Child Abuse, Sexual Abuse or Neglect Incident Report Anonymous Reporting Line - https://secure.ethicspoint.com/domain/media/en/gui/7689/index.html https://secure.ethicspoint.com/domain/media/en/gui/7689/index.html Whistleblower Report - Employee Assistance Program -
Training materials All training materials needed for the delivery of this presentation can be found in the Resources/Training Materials Section of Preventing and Reporting Abuse in Programs with Minor Participants, Policy 1.50 Available on the Ohio State Office of Human Resources Policy website: