1 By Cassidy , Megan, Tanner, Lucas AustralopithecusBy Cassidy , Megan, Tanner, Lucas
2 IntroductionClick, crunch, click, crunch; that is the sound of an Australopithecus roaming in the grass. Speaking of Australopithecus, today you will learn stuff about this group of hominids, like how they lived, what they ate, etc. Australopithecines are a group of early humans that lived 5-1 million B.C. Archaeologists found an Australopithecine, and they named her Lucy from the song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds.” (1)
3 When they livedAustralopithecines lived from 5-1 Million B.C. They lived in south Africa and traveled to find food. (2)
4 What they looked likeThe average male was about 4 feet 5 inches tall and about 90 pounds. For a females, they were about 3 feet 5 inches tall and 60 pounds. Australopicenes had small heads, long arms, wide waists and chests, were hairy, had a small heel bone, a small hip, small knee and heel joints, and large cheek bones. (3)
5 ToolsAustralopithecus used sticks and stones for tools and weapons. They did not make tools, but used what they found in nature. They used sticks and stones for protection and to kill animals for food. (4) They didn’t use knives or axes because they had small brains and did not know how to make them. (5)
6 FoodAustralopithecus ate insects, bugs, berries, and they hunted animals for meat, a.k.a. food. (6)
7 CommunicationAustralopithecines did not speak. Instead they used, gestures, hand movements, and grunt-like noises to communicate. (7)
8 LucyLucy had the full pelvis bone, which is very rare. She was discovered by Donald Johanson. She was the first Australopithecus found by archaeologists. (8)
9 ReligionAustralopithecus did not have religon or ceremonies because they were not smart enough and too busy trying to survive. (9)
10 Fire Since they were half ape, they were probably scared of fire. (11) Australopithecus didn’t use fire because they had unusually small brains so they couldn’t make fire. (10)Since they were half ape, they were probably scared of fire. (11)
11 Cave drawingsThey did not have any art because they were too busy surviving. (12)
12 ConclusionNow you know more about Australopithecus and how they lived. We hope you now know more about Australopithecines than you did when we began. Have a great day.
13 Questions1. Why didn’t they have fire? 2. What food did they eat? 3. What time period were they from?
14 AnswersAustrolapithacines did not make fire because they had unusually small brains.They ate fruits nuts and berries off the ground. They also ate animals that were killed by other animals.The australopithecines lived from 5-1 million B.C.
15 End Notes1. Early humans packet, “Australopithecus,” p Ibid. 3. Ibid. 4. Ancient Civilizations, Macmillan/McGraw-Hill , pp. 207, 65, 67, Skype with Donald Johanson. 6. Ibid. 7. Margaret Hynes ,The Best Book Of Early People, pp Ibid Early Humans Packet , “Australopithecus,” p. 3.
17 Bibliography Ancient Civilizations. Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, 2007. Creative Teaching Press.“Australopithecus.” Early humans packet, 1997.Margaret Hynes. The Best Book Of Early PeopleDonald Johanson. Skype interview. October, 2012.