Presentation Outline Introductory Comments Academic Qualifications Academic Work Experience Personal Information Overview of Early Eclectic Studies Major Research Focus Questions/Comments
Academic Qualifications: Graduate/Undergraduate Degrees Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) University of Alberta Master of Education (M.Ed.) University of Manitoba Educational Administration Master of Education (M.Ed.) University of Manitoba Curriculum and Instruction Special Education Certificate - Manitoba Education Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) University of Manitoba Certificate in Education (Ed. Cert) University of Manitoba Bachelor of Physical Education (BPE) University of Manitoba
ACADEMIC EMPLOYMENT HISTORY Teacher, Winnipeg School Division (1973 -1990) Consultant, Manitoba Dept. of Education (1976 -1977) Instructor, Physical Activity and Sport Studies (1990 - 01) Associate Professor, Kinesiology (2001 - present) Coordinator, Physical Activity and Sport Studies ( 2001-02) Chair, Kinesiology and Applied Health (2002 - 2005) Interim Associate Dean, Social Science (2005) Acting Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts (2005 - 2006) Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts (July, 2006) Acting Dean, Faculty of Arts (Oct. 2006 - June 2007)
Recent External Grants 2005 - Goodwin, Connelly, Hall, C. & Fitzpatrick, (Collaborator), “The Other Adult in Inclusive Physical Education Settings: Helping or Hindering?” Social Sciences Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) ($116,800) - In progress 2004 - Watkinson & Fitzpatrick (Co-investigator), “Children’s’ Affective Memories of Recess”, University of Alberta, Humanities, Fine Arts and Social Sciences Research Operating Grant. ($6,000.00) - In progress 2003 - Goodwin, Fitzpatrick, (Co-investigator) & Hall, “The Meaning of Special Olympics Participation to the Families of Children with Mental Disabilities”, Canadian Special Olympics ($10,000) – Published (Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly - 2006)
Recent Internal Grants 2006 - UW Travel Grant ($1000) 2006 - Canada Work Study Grant ($932) 2006 - UW Special Research Grant ($2000) 2005 - UW International Travel Grant ($2000) 2004 - UW Major Research Grant ($2500) 2004 - Canada Work Study Grant ($800) 2003 - UW Travel Grant ($1000) 2003 - Canada Work Study Grant ($712) 2002 - Canada Work Study Grant ($694) 2002 - UW Discretionary Grant ($600) 2002 - UW Travel Grant ($500) 2001 - UW International Travel Grant ($1500) 2001 - Canada Work Study Grant ($700)
Manitoba Schools Physical Fitness Survey Studied selected fitness, performance, and anthropometric measures of 10,000 K-12 public school students in a geographic random sample of 700 Manitoba schools –Largest survey of it type worldwide –Established Manitoba norms and percentiles –Established Minimal Performance Standards –Evidence of low fitness among Manitoba Students – Member of research team of five who designed, conducted, and analyzed results
Basic Movement Skills (BMS) Assessment Instrument Developed BMS Observation Profile Developed Group Screening Protocol Developed Individual Test Protocol Confirmed test validation Established Inter-rater reliability Efficacy of teacher administering profile Remedial program development Part of Early Identification Program (EIP) 25,000 observations on 8,000 students
Other Early Studies Daily Physical Education Project –Pre - Post intervention with control Experimental school showed favourable gains Families Play to Grow –Enhancing participation for children with disability Families were more active one year following program Active Living Alliance for Canadians With a Disability (Research Sub-Committee) –PE participation of Students with Disability High percentage of SWD have a negative PE Experience
Moving To Inclusion Series of 10 disability specific curriculum resources distributed to 15,000 Canadian schools and over 25 countries. “Among the most comprehensive and practical adapted physical education resources developed” (Dr. Julien Stein)
Report of the Analysis October 1999 In cooperation with: The Manitoba Physical Education Supervisors’ Association The Manitoba Physical Education Teachers’ Association David Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg Survey of Selected Physical Education and Health Teaching Variables in Manitoba Schools
Recommended Minutes of PE per Cycle % above150 + % Below 150- Gr.1 29.9% 70.1% Gr. 2 29.9% 70.1% Gr.3 30.6% 69.4% Gr. 4 30.6% 69.4% Gr.5 35.4% 64.6% Gr. 6 35.4% 64.6% Gr.7 44.6% 55.4% Gr.8 44.6% 55.4%
Minutes of PE by Grade Minutes Mean Minutes of PE per cycle by Grade Grade
Positive and Negative Experiences In Physical Education Class: What Students Say A Presentation to the: Western Canadian Physical Education Supervisors’ Conference Winnipeg, Manitoba February 9, 2000 David Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg
Physical Education Experiences Descriptive Writing Exercise 1. Describe a positive or rewarding incident from your school physical education experience. 2. Describe a negative or disappointing incident from your school physical education experience.
The Lived Experience of Physical Awkwardness: Views From Various Perspectives Major Research Path Dr. David Fitzpatrick
Physical Awkwardness or DCD Physical awkwardness, also known as Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), is an unexplained impairment in the development of motor coordination.
“Awkward” Research Questions What is it like to be physical awkward? How do students who are physically awkward cope with their awkwardness? What is it like to teach PE to students who are physically awkward? How do those who are physically awkward view their bodies?
Heuristic Benefits Not all may fully appreciate what it is like to experience awkwardness Others may benefit from personal insight Need for more tactful teaching/coaching Research has not identified a definitive instructional intervention for DCD
Qualitative Methodology Hermeneutic Phenomenology A qualitative research method, that seeks to describe, explain, and understand the meaning of human experiences.
The Lived Experience of Physical Awkwardness: Adults’ Retrospective Views International Symposium on Adapted Physical Activity (ISAPA) Vienna, Austria July 3, 2001 David A. Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Describing Awkwardness “When other people say … they can't play, … it means they can't play very well. If I say I can't play, it really means, ‘I can't play’!” “There are people who are athletes, and people who are non-athletes, and then there is me.” “Baseball … I couldn’t throw. I couldn’t catch. I couldn’t bat. That doesn’t leave much.”
Invariant or Essential Themes of Experiencing Awkwardness “Failing and Falling” “Hurt and Humiliation” “Worrying and Wondering” “Avoiding Awkwardness”
Telling Quotes “I was on the ground more than I was standing.” “I had to take my turn at serving. I was totally humiliated, being so unskilled.” “Why can’t I throw a ball like a regular human being?” “I took three Sciences, three Maths, two English and Russian History so there wasn't room for PE.”
Avoiding Awkwardness: A Subversive Activity Presentation to the: NAFAPA 2002 Conference Corvallis, Oregon September 27, 2002 David Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg Adults’ Reflections of Childhood Coping Strategies
Physical Education is Public The child is in a position of being acclaimed or humiliated by an authority from whose decision there is no recourse and in a group from which there is no escape (Wood, 1983, p. 220).
Cognition and Avoidance “ I was a klutz, but I was a thinking klutz, so I learned how to hide most of it.”
Avoiding Awkwardness Varied Involvement Compliance/Trying hard Supportive others Selective participation Pseudo participation Hiding within activity Humour Emotional Response Illness Misrepresentation Doing other things Actively avoiding PE Refused/Rebelled Gave Up/Did not try Didn’t care/Accept it Involved Uninvolved
Pseudo-Participation, Substitution, Teacher Criticism “Just run around and as long as you don't get the ball, you don't worry about getting ‘swacked.’” “I did a school history compilation. I missed a lot of PE. “No one ever taught me … I had no help from my ‘teachers’.”
The Experience of Teaching Students Who are Physically Awkward SCAPPS 2003 - Hamilton David A. Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg October 18, 2003
Invariant Themes Recognizing Students who are Awkward Empathic Awareness Answering the Challenge Hopeful Expectations Frustrations Occasional Success
Effective Instruction Guidelines Warm and Orderly Environment Realistic, High, Achievable Outcomes Promote Student Choice and Control Structured Instruction Demonstrate Expectations Group Students and Use Stations Ask and Encourage Questions Maximize Practice and Success Circulate and Monitor Progress Provide Feedback (Vogel & Seefeldt 1988)
International Symposium on Adapted Physical Activity (ISAPA) Verona, Italy July 5, 2005 David A. Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg, Canada Experiencing Physical Awkwardness: Conflicting Accounts of Teachers and Students
Presentation at the Biannual Symposium of the North American Federation of Adapted Physical Activity (NAFAPA) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor October 14, 2006 David A. Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg, Canada Societal Disaffection with Unskillfulness: Atypical Physical Performance and the Imperfect Body
Naturalistic Observations of Voluntary, Self-generated, Incidental Physical Activity at Selected Sites on the University of Winnipeg Campus Work Study in Progress Only 10% of the University of Winnipeg Community opt to take stairs when an elevator or and escalator is available.