3Agenda: What you see isn’t always what it seems- Changing Perspective Does No Child Left Behind leave these kids behind? -Entry Plans, Communication, School Culture, and Classroom ActivitiesDigging deeper into behavioral challenges Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS)
5Generalizations and Focus Non-Traditional Students:Foreign and Domestic Adoption, Foster Care, Immigrant, MigrantMy Generalizations:Montana Schools are more familiar with and have more skills, tools, and experience to work with immigrant and migrant children (ELL, ESL, LEP)There are some assumptions in place and prevalent misinformation related to educating students from foreign/domestic adoption or foster care backgrounds“Why does that kid act that way….the rest of the kids in that great family don’t act that way”“Those kids are just like our LEP kids….once they learn the language and culture they are good to go”“Wow….what a lucky kid”Focus: Foreign/Domestic Adoption and Foster Care (Tremendous Challenge)
10These Kids Have Different Needs! FoodWaterSafetyClothingShelterPropertySleepFamilyStabilityHealthTrauma
11Seven Core Issues In Adoption These seven core issues, as explained by The Center for Adoption Support and Education (C.A.S.E.) in the publication, “7 Core Issues in Adoption,” include:LossRejectionGuilt/ShameGriefIdentityIntimacyMastery/Control
12Seven Core Issues In Adoption Cont. The core issues related to adoption may become more intense when one or more member of the adoption triad (adoptee, adoptive parent, and birthparent) reaches a milestone, such as:Discovering physical differences.Understanding relinquishment.Learning about reproduction.Entering school (people asking questions).Celebrating birthdays.Visiting a doctor.Completing school assignments.Reaching adolescence.Dating.Leaving home.Getting married.Giving birth.Times of loss or change.
13There’s More To The Story! *Why might this be happening?*What in their past might be impacting current behavior?*Digging Deeper*First Impression – Probably Wrong(Property – Fairness) Materialistic/Spoiled(Food - Stealing) Punitive/SROS. (Trust - Sabotage Relationships) Mean SpiritedS. (Control – Unstructured =Behavior) ADHD/NaughtyT. (Trust – Sabotage Relationships) Bad Father
15Does No Child Left Behind leave these kids behind Does No Child Left Behind leave these kids behind? -Entry Plans, Communication, School Culture, and Classroom Activities
16Does No Child Left Behind Leave These Kids Behind? Answer: SometimesWhy: Communication between family and school in terms of goals and priorities isn’t clearDiffering Priorities and PerspectivesParent: First year home primary goal is to establish a loving bond within family to set up later success in social, behavioral, and academic areas (Family)School: First year home is to surround the family with early intervention services to help student “catch up” ASAP (Academic)**IMPORTANCE OF ENTRY PLANS**** Family Trumps Academics!**(M’s Story)
17Does No Child Left Behind Leave These Kids Behind? -Robust Resources-MTSS-Special Education – Blurred Lines – Early Intervention-Academic Performance Engines-Access to Specialists – SLP, OT, PT-Evaluations-Issues are complex-Potential for unintentional consequences- Looks like a duck, talks like a duck gone wrong (ADHD, LD, ED)(J’s Story)
18Through The Lens IEFA Adoption, Foster Care, Immigrant, Migrant Cultural Sensitivity, Bias, Stereotypes, Background Knowledge, Cultural Celebrations, Curriculum Integration, Professional Development
19B.E.L.T. Model B = Bias E = Environment L = Language For Talking About Family Formation in SchoolsParents and Schools as Partners!B = BiasWe all have them; positive, negative, conscious, unconscious (Recognition/Awareness)E = EnvironmentHelp teachers build classrooms that support all kinds of families, family formations, races, cultures, and choices (Books)L = LanguageShare Positive Adoption LanguageT = Teach the TeachersTeachers truly want what is best for kids. Give teachers the resources and information necessary for them to embrace your child’s situation….They need the whole story!Adoption Parenting Jean MacLeod and Sheena Macrae, PhD
20B.E.L.T. Model Cont. Parent Do’s For Working With Schools For Talking About Family Formation in SchoolsParents and Schools as Partners!Parent Do’s For Working With SchoolsDo focus on inclusion (include your child’s needs in the broader scope of family formation)Do the work for themDo believe teachers want success for every studentDo recognize teachers are not experts in family formationDo provide suggestions for alternative and inclusive spins on projectsDo check you own biases at the doorDo consider your child’s needs in the mix (Talks/Presentations)Do call in experts when necessaryDo Have Fun and Enjoy the Process!
22Problematic Projects ‘Bring a Baby Picture’ Assignments Family Tree AssignmentsFamily History AssignmentsGenetic History AssignmentsCultural or Ethnic Heritage AssignmentsCreate a Timeline of the Student’s LifeSuperstar, VIP, Student-of-the-Week Projects
23Inclusive Spins On Projects The solution generally involves broadening the scope of the assignment by offering students wider choices It is helpful to keep in mind the goals of the assignment and different ways to reach those goals, rather than emphasizing that all students’ end products be the same Teachers are Differentiation Experts!! Communicate
24Problematic Projects Example Create a Timeline of the Student’s Life Problem: A child and his parents may have little or no information about his early milestones. Another child may wonder if she needs to include private information like the dates of relinquishment, foster care stays, and adoption finalization. Solution: Do not require that the timeline begin from the child’s birth, just that it cover a period of time. Alternatively, allow children to create a timeline for a historical or fictional character
25Positive Adoption Language “Top Five” Instead of ‘natural or ‘real’ mother/father/parents/family, use ‘birth’ or ‘biological’. Adoptive children and parents consider their relationship and their family to be real.Instead of ‘adoptive’ mom/dad/parents/family, just use mom/dad/parents/family, unless it is relevant to add ‘adoptive’.Instead of ‘your own’, say ‘birth’ or ‘biological’ child. Adopted children are ‘our own’The phrase ‘was adopted’ is preferable to ‘is adopted’.Avoid ‘Adopt-a-Animal/Highway/Family’. These terms imply that adoption means paying money for something/someone, and belittles the lifelong bond between parent and child. When possible, try to use ‘Sponsor-a-Highway’, etc.
26Gives Them Power To Control The Situation W.I.S.E Up Program1. Helps students realize they are “WISER” than their peers about adoption. Experts!2. Helps student evaluate who is asking and what their motivation/s may be3. Helps students evaluate how they feel about the question/sGives Them Power To Control The SituationW = Walk AwayI = It’s PrivateS = Share something about my adoption storyE = Educate others about adoptionCenter For Adoption Support And Education
27Digging Deeper Into Behavioral Challenges – Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS)
28Digging Deeper Into Behavioral Challenges – Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) Developed by Dr. Ross Greene
29Common Points of View “He just want the attention” “She is making bad choices”“They have a bad attitude”“He just wants his own way”
30Philosophy Behind CPS Model “If kids could do well they would do well”- If the student had the skills to exhibit adaptive behavior, he wouldn’t be exhibiting challenging behavior“Behind every challenge behavior is an unsolved problem and a lagging skill”
31Three Options for Unmet Expectations There are three ways in which adults try to solve problems (unmet expectations) with kids:Plan A (impose teacher/principal will)Plan C (temporarily dropping problems)Plan B (that's the one you want to get really good at).
32Identify Unsolved Problems & Lagging Skills Identify the unsolved problem(s)Shifting from one specific task to anotherGetting started on/completing class assignmentsHypothesize what lagging skill(s) is contributing to the unsolved problemDifficulty handling transitions, shifting from one mindset or task to anotherDifficulty persisting on challenging or tedious tasksA tool to assist this process is the Assessment of Lagging Skills and Unsolved Problems (ALSUP)Can’t fix everything at once- will need to prioritize problems
34Collaborative Problem Solving (Plan B) Once lagging skills and unsolved problem are identified, it is time to begin CPS with the student3 ingredients to the process:1. Empathy Step- This is where you gather information so as to clarify the student’s concern or perspective on the unsolved problem2. Define the Problem Step- Here, the teacher communicates their concerns or perspective on the unsolved problem.3. The Invitation Step- Student and teacher brainstorm solutions to address the concerns
37Final Notes - CPSPlan B works best when it is proactive- don’t wait until the problem behavior is occurring to have the discussionThere is often no quick fix to helping students with challenging behaviors- often the first solution you agree to won’t fix the problem
38BILL OF RIGHTS FOR BEHAVIORALLY CHALLENGING KIDS Behaviorally challenging kids have the right: - To have their behavioral challenges understood as a form of developmental delay in the domains of flexibility/adaptability, frustration tolerance, and problem-solving. - To have people -- parents, teachers, mental health clinicians, doctors, coaches...everyone -- understand that challenging behavior is no less a form of developmental delay than delays in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and is deserving of the same compassion and approach as are applied to these other cognitive delays. - Not to be misunderstood as bratty, spoiled, manipulative, attention-seeking, coercive, limit-testing, controlling, or unmotivated. - To have adults understand that challenging behavior occurs in response to specific unsolved problems -- homework, screen time, teeth brushing, clothing choices, sibling interactions, and so forth -- and that these unsolved problems are usually highly predictable and can therefore be solved proactively. - To have adults understand that the primary goal of intervention is to collaboratively solve these problems in a way that is realistic and mutually satisfactory so that they don't precipitate challenging behavior any more.
39BILL OF RIGHTS FOR BEHAVIORALLY CHALLENGING KIDS - To have adults (and classmates) understand that time-outs, detentions, suspensions, expulsion, and isolation do not solve problems or "build character" but rather often make things worse. - To have adults take a genuine interest in their concerns or perspectives, and to have those concerns and perspectives viewed as legitimate, important, and worth listening to and clarifying. - To have adults in their lives who do not resort to physical intervention and are knowledgeable about and proficient in other means of solving problems. - To have adults who understand that solving problems collaboratively -- rather than insisting on blind adherence to authority -- is what prepares kids for the demands they will face in the real world. - To have adults understand that blind obedience to authority is dangerous, and that life in the real world requires expressing one's concerns, listening to the concerns of others, and working toward mutually satisfactory solutions.
40Agenda: What you see isn’t always what it seems- Changing Perspective Does No Child Left Behind leave these kids behind? -Entry Plans, Communication, School Culture, and Classroom ActivitiesDigging deeper into behavioral challenges Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS)
41Conclusion“I've come to the frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element in the classroom. It's my daily mood that makes the weather. As a teacher, I possess a tremendous power to make a child's life miserable or joyous. I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal. In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated and a child humanized or de-humanized.” - Dr. Haim GinottSlow ReaderStubbornImpulsiveSelf-CenteredTangentsConstant BlurterStruggles with peersPrincipals KidHelicopter Mom