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The Romantic Period: Definition and Influence

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1 The Romantic Period: Definition and Influence
Isn’t It Romantic? The Romantic Period: Definition and Influence

2 The Romantic Period in Europe: Influences
Late 18th century– mid – 19th century Literature: Publication of William Blake’s Songs of Experience, 1789 American Revolution, 1776 French Revolution, 1789 Industrial Revolution: English Reform Acts in 1832 and mid – century

3 The Romantic Period: Characteristics
William Wordsworth, Preface, Lyrical Ballads: “. . . there is no necessity to trick out or to elevate nature. . “ Nature is not idealized, but embraced as it is Romantic writers spent much time engaged in walking, climbing, swimming, sailing; nature was to be enjoyed and celebrated, then used as an integral part of one’s creative writing

4 The Romantic Period: Characteristics
Wordsworth: “Poetry is the image of man and nature” Artists of all types began to celebrate the common man; composers composed for audiences instead of single patrons; artists took their subjects from everywhere around them, plus from their imaginations; writers wrote about everything they could see or imagine

5 The Romantic Period: Characteristics
Wordsworth: “. . . poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings. . .” Individual experience Release of feeling through art Refusal to modify or control feelings Emotion over reason

6 The Romantic Period: Characteristics: Ethical Values
Value of the individual Championing progressive social and political movements Respect for the wildness of nature Stood against conservative morality and authoritarian government Importance of creativity, of fresh ideas

7 The Romantic Period: Characteristics: Expression
Emotion, sometimes extreme Imagination, from the real lives of people to the imagination of Gothic tales, Fairy tales, supernatural stories, and science fiction Originality, with a premium upon expression that used new techniques as well as new ideas Intensity, passion

8 The Romantic Period: Characteristics: Subjects and Themes (From Margaret Drabble)
Myths and legends, heroes in exile Imaginary creatures, old (vampires or fairies) or newly invented (Frankenstein’s monster) Exotic places and people Individual experience Intense characters Unrequited love Dreams, psychological interpretation of characters

9 The Romantic Period: The Artists
Composers, especially German, include Brahms, Beethoven, Wagner, Verdi, Schumann, Chopin, and Tchaikovsky. Opening page: Rachmaninoff’s Concerto No. 2, Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini.

10 The Romantic Period: The Artists
The Poets: Byron, Shelley, Keats, Coleridge, Wordsworth Major Novelists: Emily Bronte, Charlotte Bronte, and Mary Shelley. The Painters: Goya, Turner, Constable, Rosetti

11 More Resources How-To Links
Drabble, Margaret, ed. “Romanticism.” The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, – 3. How-To Links Basic PowerPoint Presentations How to Make a Good Presentation Poetry Terms Review Terms to use in analyzing the poems you choose

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