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Session 4 Risk & protective factors Preventing Amphetamine-Type-Stimulant (ATS) Use Among Young People A UNODC Training Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "Session 4 Risk & protective factors Preventing Amphetamine-Type-Stimulant (ATS) Use Among Young People A UNODC Training Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 Session 4 Risk & protective factors Preventing Amphetamine-Type-Stimulant (ATS) Use Among Young People A UNODC Training Workshop

2 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop What are they?  Risk factors: characteristics of an individual/community that encourage or are linked to substance abuse  Protective factors: characteristics of an individual/community that discourage or are not linked to substance abuse

3 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Individual & environmental  Individual: risk/protective factors that are part of the way a person is  Environmental: risk/protective factors that are part of the community a person belongs to

4 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Individual risk factors (1)  Being a boy: More boys than girls use substances, especially illicit, but you need to be careful with under- reporting (girls hide use more because it’s less acceptable).  Being young: To define his/her personality, a young person could use substances:  To experiment (What do I like? Where are my limits? Who am I?).  Declare his/her belonging to a group.  Relieve anxiety.

5 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Individual risk factors (2)  Poor personal and social skills: Less able to cope and more likely to use substances to ‘solve’ problems or more likely to follow substance use behaviour of peers.  Mental health problems: Problems that make you less able to cope & attract discrimination.

6 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Environmental risk factors (1)  In the family: Lack of physical or psychological care. Inconsistent or too strict parenting. Problems in the family. Verbal, physical or sexual abuse. Substance use.  In the community: Verbal, physical or sexual abuse. Substance use in the community, especially by peers.

7 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Environmental risk factors (2)  Culture: The culture young people identify with (the lifestyle of a group, religion, traditions). The way substance use is portrayed in the media. Advertising.  Lack of opportunities: To be educated. To find an adequate & fulfilling job. To employ free time constructively. To get help from youth-friendly health & social services if you need it.

8 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Environmental risk factors (3)  Availability of substances How easy is it for (young) people to get substances and to use them? Also licit substances!  Lak of information.

9 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Protective factors  The opposite of most risk factors are thought to discourage or to be linked to less substance use, i.e. they are protective.

10 Preventing ATS use among youth A UNODC Training Workshop Concluding thoughts  There is not one factor that can explain the substance abuse problem of a community. Therefore, a prevention programme needs a range of activities addressing different risk/protective factors.  The substance abuse problem of each community is determined by different risk/protective factors. Therefore, before you decide what to do, you need to find out what the situation is.


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