Presentation on theme: "23 Chapter 23 Section 23.1 Studies of Development Section 23.2"— Presentation transcript:
123 Chapter 23 Section 23.1 Studies of Development Section 23.2 Lifespan DevelopmentChapter 23Section 23.1Studies of DevelopmentSection 23.2Patterns of Development1
2Section 23.1 Study of Development The five areas of development are physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and moral.Development is unique for everyone.2
3Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary life-span development gross motor skillsfine motor skillstemperamentheredityenvironmentinterrelatedrate
4The Journey of Development Life-span development is the growth and change that occurs throughout a person’s life.Studying human development helps you better understand yourself and others.Most scientists believe people develop in stages.Life-span developmentThe growth and change that occurs during a person’s life.
5Areas of DevelopmentThe areas of development are grouped into five areas: physical, intellectual emotional, social, and moral.Intellectual development involves thinking, understanding, reasoning, and communicating.Emotional development involves the development of self-esteem.Social development involves learning to relate to others.Moral development involves developing an understanding of right and wrong.Each stage of development is affected by the others.5
6Influences of Development Heredity affects who you are and who you will become.Environment is comprised of the people, places, and things that surround and influence a person.heredityThe set of characteristics that you inherit from your parents and ancestors.environmentThe people, places, and things that surround and influence a person, including family, home, school, and community.6
7Section 23.2 Patterns of Development There are many stages of human development that people typically go through from conception to late adulthood.Some people have special needs which must be recognized as soon as possible.7
9Developmental StagesHumans develop in stages that correspond to chronological age.Development is marked by certain tasks in a certain order.Stages include prenatal development, infancy, toddlerhood, preschoolers, school age, adolescents, early adulthood, and late adulthood.Changes in infancy, toddlerhood, and adolescence occur rapidly.Preschoolers and school-age children learn to function away from home.Adults focus on balancing responsibilities.In late adulthood, people focus on retirement and enjoying life.
10Special NeedsNot all people follow the typical pattern of development.These people are said to have special needs.Recognizing and meeting special needs is important at any time of life, but especially in childhood.Those with special needs have the same basic needs for friendship, respect, dignity, love, and support.
11Chapter Summary Section 23.1 Study of DevelopmentDevelopment is a unique and complex process that follows general stages and patterns.Various theorists have looked at ways to describe human development.The five development areas are physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and moral.These interrelate to create growth and change.Heredity, environment, technology, and other influences also have an impact on how a person develops.
12Chapter Summary Section 23.2 Patterns of DevelopmentDevelopment is marked by certain tasks in a chronological order.It begins with conception and continues to late adulthood.Infancy, toddlerhood, and adolescence have more dramatic, rapid changes.Preschoolers and school-age children learn to function away from home.Adults focus on balancing responsibilities.Some people also have special needs that influence their development.
13ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
14life-span development desarrollo durante la vidaThe growth and change that occur during a person’s life.Crecimiento y cambios que ocurren durante la vida de una persona.Show Definition
15gross motor skillshablidades motoras gruesasSkills that use the large muscles of the body, such as those of the legs and shoulders.Habilidades que usan los músculos más grandes del cuerpo, como aquellos que se encuentran en las piernas y los hombros.Show Definition
16fine motor skills hablidades motoras finas Skills involving the smaller muscles of the body, such as those in fingers.Habilidades que involucran a los músculos más pequeños del cuerpo como aquellos que hay en los dedos.Show Definition
17temperamento temperament An inborn style of reacting to the world and relating to others.Un estilo de reacción al mundo y de relacionarse con los demás con el que se nace.Show Definition
18heredityhereditarioThe set of characteristics that you inherit from your parents and ancestors.El grupo de características que heredas de tus padres y ancestros.Show Definition
19environmentambienteThe people, places, and things that surround and influence a person, including family, home, school, and community.La gente, los lugares y las cosas que rodean e influyen a una persona, incluyendo la familia, el hogar, la escuela y la comunidad.Show Definition
20interrelated interrelacionado Affected by the others or linked. Afectado por o ligado a otros.Show Definition
22developmental tasks tareas de desarrollo Skills and abilities that are mastered as part of the maturing process.Habilidades y destrezas que se logran con el proceso de maduración.Show Definition
23prenatalprenatalBefore birth.Antes del nacimiento.Show Definition
24embryoembriónThe developing baby during the first eight weeks of pregnancy.El bebe en desarrollo durante las primeras ocho semanas del embarazo.Show Definition
25fetusfetoThe developing baby from the ninth week until birth.El bebe en desarrollo desde la semana nueve hasta el nacimiento.Show Definition
26reflexreflejoAn instinctive, automatic response in infants, such as grasping and sucking.Respuesta instintiva y automática en los bebés, como agarrar o chupar.Show Definition
27hand-eye coordination coordinación mano-ojoThe ability to move the hands and fingers precisely in relation to what is seen.La habilidad de mover las manos y los dedos con precisión en relación con lo que se ve.Show Definition
28bonding vinculación afectiva The act of forming emotional ties between parents and child.El acto de formar lazos afectivos entre los padres y el hijo/a.Show Definition
29parallel play juego paralelo When children play near, but not actually with, other children.Cuando los niños juegan cerca de, pero no con, otros niños.Show Definition
30cooperative play juego cooperativo A type of play in which children play and interact with one another.Tipo de juego en el que los niños juegan e interactúan entre si.Show Definition
31pubertypubertadHormonally triggered changes that result in a physically mature body that is able to reproduce.Cambios causados por hormonas que resultan en un cuerpo maduro que tiene la capacidad de reproducirse.Show Definition
32prone propenso Sensitive or likely to. Sensible o proclive a. Show Definition