Presentation on theme: "Patient Centered Medical Home Delaware Health Care Commission Janice E. Nevin, MD, MPH Chief Medical Officer Christiana Care Health System."— Presentation transcript:
Patient Centered Medical Home Delaware Health Care Commission Janice E. Nevin, MD, MPH Chief Medical Officer Christiana Care Health System
What is a Patient Centered Medical Home?
Superb Access to Care Patients can easily make appointments and select the day and time. Waiting times are short. and telephone consultations are offered. Off-hour service is available. Patient Engagement in Care Patients have the option of being informed and engaged partners in their care. Practices provide information on treatment plans, preventative and follow-up care reminders, access to medical records, assistance with self-care, and counseling. Clinical Information Systems These systems support high-quality care, practice-based learning, and quality improvement. Practices maintain patient registries; monitor adherence to treatment; have easy access to lab and test results; and receive reminders, decision support, and information on recommended treatments. Care Coordination Specialist care is coordinated, and systems are in place to prevent errors that occur when multiple physicians are involved. Follow-up and support is provided. Team Care Integrated and coordinated team care depends on a free flow of communication among physicians, nurses, case managers and other health professionals (including BH specialists). Duplication of tests and procedures is avoided. Patient Feedback Patients routinely provide feedback to doctors; practices take advantage of low-cost, internet- based patient surveys to learn from patients and inform treatment plans. Publicly available information 8 Source: Health2 Resources Defining the Medical Home 3
PCMH - History 1967 – American Academy of Pediatrics: “Medical Home” 1996 – Institute of Medicine, Committee on the Future of Primary Care: integrated… accountable…sustained partnership with patient 2001 – IOM, Crossing the Quality Chasm – 6 aims: safe, effective, Pt-centered, timely, efficient, equitable 2007 – Joint Principles of PCMH
PCMH – Joint Principles Feb, 2007 – Joint Principles by ACP, AAFP, AAP, AOA Personal physician – pt has 1 doc, 1 st contact, continuous, and comprehensive care Physician directed care – provider leads medical team Whole person orientation – acute, chronic, preventative, home care & specialty services Coordinated care – subspecialty, hospital, NH, uses registry, IT exchange, culturally sensitive Quality & Safety – evidenced-based, CQI Enhanced access – expanded hrs, e-visit, patient portal & group visits Payment – should reflect added value to patients
TODAY’S CARE MEDICAL HOME CARE My patients are those who make appointments to see me Our patients are those who are registered in our medical home Care is determined by today’s problem and time available today Care is determined by a proactive plan to meet patient needs with or without visits Care varies by scheduled time and memory or skill of the doctor Care is standardized according to evidence-based guidelines Patients are responsible for coordinating their own care A prepared team of professionals coordinates all patients’ care I know I deliver high quality care because I’m well trained We measure our quality and make rapid changes to improve it It’s up to the patient to tell us what happened to them We track tests & consultations, and follow-up after ED & hospital Clinic operations center on meeting the doctor’s needs A multidisciplinary team works at the top of our licenses to serve patients Slide from Daniel Duffy MD School of Community Medicine Tulsa Oklahoma 8
Recognition Programs for PCMH Developed or Under Development Quality Organizations PCMH Standards Activity
Comparison of PCMH 2008 and PCMH 2011 PCMH 2008 (9 standards/30 elements) 1. Access and Communication Processes Results 2. Patient Tracking and Registry Function 3. Care Management Continuity Between Settings 4. Self-Management Support 5. Electronic Prescribing 6. Test Tracking 7. Referral Tracking 8. Performance Reporting and Improvement Measures of Performance Patient Experience 9. Advance Electronic Communication PCMH 2011 (6 standards/24 elements) 1. Access and Continuity Access Electronic Access Continuity Patient/Family Partnership Practice Organization 2. Identify/Manage Patient Populations 3. Plan/Manage Care Care Management Medication Management 4. Self-Management Support 5. Track and Coordinate Care Test/Referral Tracking Facilities Community 6. Performance Measurement and Quality Improvement Measures of Performance Patient Experience Quality Improvement
AAFP – National Demonstration Project (NDP) 36 FP practices from across the country June 2006 – June 2008 Randomized to facilitated learning vs. self-directed “The PCMH represents the essentials for better primary care, improved delivery of chronic care, and active partnership with an informed patient synergized by appropriate use of information and communications’ technology.” Nutting PA, Miller WL, et. Al. Initial lessons from the first National Demonstration Project on Pt Transformation and PCMH. Ann Fam Med 2009;7:
National Demo Project conclusions 1.Practice transformation is more than a series of changes and requires shifts in roles and mental models 2.The larger system can help or hinder 3.Practice adaptive reserve is critical to managing change 4.Motivation of key practice members is critical 5.Developmental pathways to success vary considerably by practice 6.Practice change is enabled by the multiple roles that facilitators play Ann Fam Med 2010;8(suppl 1):s45-s56.
Evidence of Cost Reduction Recent studies estimate that if every American had access to a Medical Home, national health care expenditures would drop by 5.6% – translating into a national savings of at least $67 billion per year. 1 States which relied more on Primary Care have: Lower Resource Inputs (hospital beds, ICU beds, total physician labor, primary care labor, and medical specialist labor); Lower Utilization Rates (physician visits, days in ICUs, days in the hospital, and fewer patients seeing 10 or more physicians); Lower Medicare Spending (inpatient reimbursements and Part B payments). 2 1.Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care, Variation among States in the Management of Severe Chronic Illness, 2006 Commonwealth Fund, Chartbook on Medicare, 2006; 2.Spann SJ, for the members of Task Force 6 and The Executive Editorial T: Report on Financing the New Model of Family Medicine. Ann Fam Med 2004; 2(suppl_3):S1-21 PMID
Community Implications - Published Results of PCMH Projects to Date Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound 29% reduction in ER visits; 11% reduction in ambulatory care sensitive admissions Improvements in diabetes and heart disease care Cost neutral after 1 year Geisinger Health System 14% decrease in hospital admissions Improvements in diabetes and heart disease care 9 % reduction in costs ROI greater than 2 to 1 Source: PCPCC Pilot Guide,
Community Implications – Published Results of PCMH Projects (cont.) Intermountain Healthcare Medical Group Care Management Plus 39% Decrease in emergency room admissions 24% Decrease in hospital admissions Net reduction cost of 640$ per patient and 1,650$ among high risk patients BlueCross BlueShield of NC-Palmetto Primary Care Physician 12.4% decrease in ER visits 10% decrease in hospital admissions Total medical and pharmacy costs were 6.5% lower Source: PCPCC Pilot Guide,