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Metropolitan Fire Chiefs Louisville Conference President Chief Ned PettusChief Greg FrederickChief Stephen Dean.

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Presentation on theme: "Metropolitan Fire Chiefs Louisville Conference President Chief Ned PettusChief Greg FrederickChief Stephen Dean."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Metropolitan Fire Chiefs Louisville Conference President Chief Ned PettusChief Greg FrederickChief Stephen Dean

3 United States Fire Administration Who We Are – Where We Stand Glenn A. Gaines, Deputy Fire Administrator 2 Fire is Everyone’s Fight

4 Studies and Research Chris Matthews

5 Environmental Scanning Impact on the Fire Service

6 News You Can Use NFPA 1917 Standard for Automotive Ambulances taking comments. Australian Smoke Alarm Research – 120 children ages 5 to 15 – Asleep 1 to 3 hours – 75% did not awaken – Ages 5 to 10 90% did awake after 30 minutes in alarm.

7 Risks Real – Today – Emerging Photovoltaic Photovoltaic Bio Fuels (production – transport – dispensing) Bio Fuels (production – transport – dispensing) Increase Out of Hospital Service Demand Increase Out of Hospital Service Demand Larger Multi-Lingual and Cultural Society Larger Multi-Lingual and Cultural Society Deterioration of Apparatus and Equipment Due to Lack of Revenue Investment Deterioration of Apparatus and Equipment Due to Lack of Revenue Investment Reduction in Staffing and Response Capability Reduction in Staffing and Response Capability Lost Investment in Training Lost Investment in Training

8 7 Ambulance Occupant Safety Crash Testing with NIOSH Impact Direction 25 MPH !

9 Ominous Multiple Impending Conditions Fire is Everyone’s Fight

10 9 Future Residential Fire Risk 80 Million Boomers 310 million = 26%+ Fire is Everyone’s Fight

11 10 Older Adult Fatalities in Home Fires  75> age group 3 times as likely to suffer a fire related death  85> age group 4 times more likely suffer a fire related death Ominous Threat Fire is Everyone’s Fight

12 Lightwood Frame and Residential Building Design Horizontal Balloon Construction Lightwood Frame and Residential Building Design Horizontal Balloon Construction

13 12 Fargo, Oct Two FFs Trapped

14 13 Lightweight Construction Less mass + increased surface area = reduced the time to structural failure in a fire. Less mass + increased surface area = reduced the time to structural failure in a fire. Fire is Everyone’s Fight

15 14 NIST Studies Available Safe Escape Time (ASET) Typical Household Compared to a similar study in minute ASET NIST Indiana Dunes II Study (R35) in minutes ASET Fire is Everyone’s Fight

16 15 Codes Allowing Clustering of Homes Fire is Everyone’s Fight

17 Manassas, VA September 23, Fire is Everyone’s Fight 16

18 Fire is Everyone’s Fight

19 G 7 – 3,136 Hz C 5 – Hz C 3 # – 138 Hz 26% of Residential Fatalities Occurred in Residential Occupancies With Working Smoke Alarms

20 Fire is Everyone’s Fight

21 Fires Spreading Faster Fires Burning Hotter (1800 – 2000F) Loosing Battle for Residential Sprinklers in 1 and 2 Family Homes. Lightwood Frame Construction. Limited Separation of Combustible 1 and 2 Family Residential Homes. 80 Million Boomers (26% increase) Fire is Everyone’s Fight

22 Clear and Present Danger Fire is Everyone’s Fight To our citizens To our firefighters

23 Clear and Present Danger (n). A standard for judging when freedom of speech can be abridged; "no one has a right to shout `fire' in a crowded theater when there is no fire because such an action would pose a clear and present danger to public safety" danger - the condition of being susceptible to harm or injury; "you are in no danger"; "there was widespread danger of disease" danger Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © Princeton University, Farlex Inc. Fire is Everyone’s Fight

24 Firefighting Is not what it used to be.

25 Under Writers Laboratory Under Writers Laboratory Field Tests One-story, 1200 ft 2, 3 bedroom, 1 bathroom house with 8 total rooms. One-story, 1200 ft 2, 3 bedroom, 1 bathroom house with 8 total rooms. Two-story 3200 ft 2, 4 bedroom, 2.5 bathroom house with 12 total rooms. Two-story 3200 ft 2, 4 bedroom, 2.5 bathroom house with 12 total rooms.

26 Under Writers Laboratory Onset of Firefighter Untenability After Mechanical Ventilation Onset of Firefighter Untenability After Mechanical Ventilation 100 seconds for the one-story house 100 seconds for the one-story house 200 seconds for the two-story house. 200 seconds for the two-story house.

27 Fire Growth From the Laboratory to the Street 26

28 New Era of Firefighting

29 "The bitterest tears shed over graves are for words left unsaid and deeds left undone.” Harriet Beecher Stowe "The bitterest tears shed over graves are for words left unsaid and deeds left undone.” Harriet Beecher Stowe Fire is Everyone’s Fight

30 29

31 30 In Partnership With Justice

32 31 Topical Reporting and Studies Google Books

33 1971 9,000 Citizens died due to fire 9,000 Citizens died due to fire 250,000 Injuries due to fire 250,000 Injuries due to fire 259 Firefighters LODD 259 Firefighters LODD ,120 Citizens died due to fire 3,120 Citizens died due to fire 17,720 Injuries due to fire 17,720 Injuries due to fire 72 Firefighters LODD 72 Firefighters LODD (plus 15 Hometown Heroes) 32 United States Fire Causalities

34 NFIRS National Fire Incident Reporting System 2010 Data: 21,604,749 Incidents Reported 22,915 FDIDs Reporting 22,915 FDIDs Reporting Enhancement Funding is Stalled

35 What is the Fire Problem and What Are We Doing About it?

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37 36 Residential Fire Incidents ,331,000 fires in the United States Approximately 29% in residential structures 1 and 2 Family Homes 279, ,000 Multi Family Homes 90,500 Other Residential 14,500 Total Residential Fires 384,000

38 37 Impact of Residential Structure Fires 2010  3,120 total Civilian Fire Deaths  17,720 total Civilian Fire Injuries  2,665 (85%) of Civilian Fire Fatalities in residential structure fires  13,800 (78%) of Civilian Fire Injuries in residential structure fires Source: NFPA’s Fire Loss in the United States During 2010, September 2011

39 38 Causes of Residential Structure Fires

40 Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings by Race (2008–2010) Source:NFIRS 5.0 data. Note: Percentages computed for only those fatalities where race information was available.

41 Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings by Age ( ) Source:NFIRS 5.0 data. Note: Percentages computed only for those fatalities where age was valid.

42 41 Residential Fires 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the number of residential structure fires decreased 3% 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the number of residential structure fires decreased 3%

43 42 Civilian Deaths in Residential Fires 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the number of civilian fire deaths declined 15% 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the number of civilian fire deaths declined 15%

44 43 Civilian Injuries in Residential Fires 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the number of civilian fire injuries declined 10% 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the number of civilian fire injuries declined 10%

45 44 Cost of Residential Fires 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the adjusted dollar loss was up 12% 10 year period from 2001 to 2010, the adjusted dollar loss was up 12%

46 ,323, % ,211, % ,545, % ,709,8739.8% ,421, % ,745,5389.7%

47 Community Risk Reduction 46 Free PSAs Provided By USFA

48 There Is Much More 47

49 Come Visit Our Website 48

50 49 Learning Resource Center RSS Feed Digest : Follow LRC updates: Display of the Month: Avalanches Wildfire Season Could Be Worst YetWildfire Season Could Be Worst YetWildfire Season Could Be Worst YetWildfire Season Could Be Worst Yet Air Florida Flight 90 and Subway Crash, Washington, DC, January 13, 1982Air Florida Flight 90 and Subway Crash, Washington, DC, January 13, 1982 Protecting the public from bioterrorismProtecting the public from bioterrorismProtecting the public from bioterrorismProtecting the public from bioterrorism In 2011, fewest lightning deaths than any year on record Report - Crisis Communications on Twitter: Queensland Floods

51 Data page on the USFA web site: NFIRS page on the USFA web site: NFIRS page on the USFA web site: x.shtm x.shtm 50 Research page on the USFA web site:

52 51


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