Presentation on theme: "LESSON PLAN TOPIC: - ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS CLASS: - 10TH"— Presentation transcript:
1LESSON PLAN TOPIC: - ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS CLASS: - 10TH SUB-TOPICS:- ACIDS, BASES AND THEIR PROPERTIES TIME: - 35 MIN.
2Time Management Introduction 3 min. Presentation by teacher 10 min. Group activity min.Presentation by students 07 min.Evaluation and home assignment 05 min.
3General objectives: - To develop scientific attitude. Knowledge about chemistry.Knowledge about Acids bases and salts.Scientific Management.
4Specific objectivesTo enable the students to know about acid, base and salts.To enable the students to differentiate the acid, base and salts .To enable the students to identify the acid , bases and saltsUses of Acid & Base in day- to-day life.
6PK Testing:-1. Name the things which are sour in taste? 2. Name the things which are bitter in taste? 3. Which things are salty in taste? 4. Why lemon is sour? 5. Why soap gives bitter taste? 6. Which makes soap slippery? 7. Why we take Eno, Baking soda to cure acidity after over-eating at home? 8. Why we use vinegar in pickels?
7activityThe teacher will assign to the students to enlist the things which are sour in taste to every group.The teacher will write down the name of things according to the students on the blackboard.On the basis of the this activity the teacher will ask the students, why these are sour in taste?Most of the students are unable to give the answer of this question . Now the teacher will deliver his content matter to the students.
8Content matterConcept :-1 Acid : The term acid is derived from Latin word acidus which mean sour (khatta). Acids are those chemical substances which are sour in taste. For example citric acid is present in lemon, oxalic acid in tomato, acetic acid in vinegar, formic acid in sting of ants, lactic acid in curd,malic acid in apple. There are some acids which are used in laboratory and can,t be tasted. e.g. HCI, H2SO4, HNO3, CH3COOH
9activityThe teacher will assign to the students to enlist the things which are bitter in taste to different groups.The teacher will write down the name of things according to the students on the blackboard.On the basis of the this activity the teacher will ask the students, why these are bitter in taste?Most of the students are unable to give the answer of this question . Now the teacher will deliver his content matter to the students.
10Content matterConcept:- 2 Base: These are chemical substances which are bitter in taste, soapy in touch. For example baking soda, tooth paste, soap etc. Some bases which are commonly used in laboratories. e.g. NaOH, KOH ,Ca(OH)2
11ACID BASE REACTIONWhen an acid combines with base it forms the salt and water ACID + BASE----SALT + WATER HCl + NaOH---NaCl + H2O
12Precaution/instructions It is dangerous to touch ,taste or smell laboratory acids. The teacher will ask the students, how can we identify the laboratory acid without tasting , touching and inhaling.Most the students are not able to tell the answer of this question .Teacher will tell the students to find out the things that are used to indentify acids and bases from the text book (group task)
13Content matterOn the basis of group discussion the teacher will induce the concept of term Indicator.“Acids and bases shows different colours with some chemical and natural substances. These substances are called indicators”.Natural indicators:- Litmus ,turmeric , petals of some flowers(marigold , china rose)Synthetic indicators:- Phenolphthalein, Methyl Orange .
14Activity 1 for the students Turmeric Test:-When turmeric sol. Reacts with base it turns pale yellow to reddish-brown in color .No colour change with acids
15Activity 2 for students Phenolphthalein Test :- When a drop of Phenolphthalein is added to acid, it remains unchanged.When a drop of Phenolphthalein is added to base it turns colorless to pink .
16Activity 3 for students Methyl Orange Test :- When a drop of methyl orange is added to an acid it turns red in colour.When a drop of methyl orange is added to a base it turns yellow in colour
17Characteristics of Acids:- Reaction of acids with metals- All the acids when react withmetals they produce salt and hydrogen gas.Acid+ metal Salt+ Hydrogen GasH2SO4 + Zn ZnSO4 + H2 (Gas)Reaction of acids with metal oxides: Metal oxide + Acid Salt + WaterAl2O3 + 6HCl 2AlCl3 + 3H2OReaction with Metal Carbonate:Na2CO3 + 2HCl 2NaCl + H2O + CO2 (g)Reaction with Metal Bicarbonate:NaHCO3 + HCl NaCl + H2O + CO2 (g)
18Characteristics of Bases Reaction of bases with metals:2NaOH + Zn Na2ZnO2 + H2 (g
19Uses of Acid & Base and salts in day- to-day life
20Questionnair & Evaluation :- Name the fruits/vegetables which are bitter in taste?Do you know vinegar (sirka) ?Name the acids used in day- to- day life.Give an example of a base used day-to-day life?What do you mean by an indicator?Give an example of natural indicator?Name some synthetic indicators used in laboratory?When an acid reacts with a metal which gas is produced?
21Home AssignmentBring five types of fruits to depict acid, base on basis of taste ?Make a chart of things which show acidic and basic character?Make a diagram to show evolution of hydrogen gas?