Presentation on theme: "Mughal History Upto 1707. Miles Stone of Mughal HistoryBabar Hamayun Akbar Janhagir Shahajanha 1526-1530 1530-1556 1556-1605 1605-1627 1627-1658 Aurangjeb."— Presentation transcript:
Mughal History Upto 1707
Miles Stone of Mughal HistoryBabar Hamayun Akbar Janhagir Shahajanha Aurangjeb
Jahir udin Babar The founder of the Mughal Empire was Babur, a warlord from Central Asia who was descended from the Mongol emperors Genghis Khan and Tamerlane. In 1526, Babur invaded India and defeated the Sultan of Delhi at the Battle of Panipat. During the next four years he conquered a large part of northern India. Babur died in 1530 and his son Humayun took over the empire.
Hammayun Babur died in 1530 and his son Humayun took over the empire. Humayun soon lost control of most of the conquered territory, and was forced to flee to Persia (modern-day Iran). Before he died in 1556, Humayun was able to recapture some of India.
Akbar THE REIGN OF AKBAR Akbar was only 13 when he succeeded his father. At first he ruled with the aid of a regent, and they quickly won back all the territory Babur had originally conquered. In 1560, Akbar took personal control of the empire. Like his father and grandfather, Akbar was a Muslim, while most Indians followed the Hindu religion. Akbar realized that to be safe on the throne he needed to break down the religious barriers between Hindus and Muslims. He issued an Edict of Toleration, and promoted Hindus to positions of power. Akbar himself adopted certain Hindu customs, and he married two Hindu princesses.
Janhagir (Salim) Jahangir was the forth Mughal Emperor who ruled from 1605 until his death in Jahangir built on his father's foundations of excellent administration, and his reign was characterized by political stability, a strong economy and impressive cultural achievements. The imperial frontiers continued to move forward—in Bengal, Mewar, Ahmadnagar and Deccan
Shah Jahan(1627 to 1658) Shah Jaha was the fifth Mughal Emperor who reigned from 1628 until 1658 At a young age, he was chosen as successor to the Mughal throne after the death of his father, Emperor Jahangir, in He is considered one of the greatest Mughals. His reign has been called the Golden Age of the Mughals and one of the most prosperous ages of Indian civilization. Like Akbar, he was eager to expand his vast empire. In 1658, he fell ill and was confined by his son Emperor Aurangzeb in Agra fort until his death in 1666.
Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb Aurangjeb was the sixth Mughal Emperor and ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent. He was among the wealthiest of the Mughal rulers with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680 (in 1690). He was a pious Muslim, and his policies partly abandoned the legacy of Akbar's secularism, which remains a very controversial aspect of his reign.