2The Mughal Dynasty Period Between 1500-1800 1. Great Empire a. foreigners and Muslim2. From mountainous region north of theIndus river valley
3The Mughal Dynasty Babur - descendent 1. Asian conqueror Tamerlane 2. Genghis Khan- inherited upland river area of Syr Darya- lead a group of warriors1. seized Kabul in 1504crossed the Khyber Pass3. fights Indiansa. outnumberedb. wins* capture Delhi- Dies 1530
7The Mughal Dynasty Known for his Humane Rule 1. accepted the diversity of Indiancivilizationa. religious tolerance* allowed Hindus to serve in court* allowed the Jesuitsb. allowed Hindus to serve in courtc. took Hindu wives as some of hisprincesses
8Political Stability Allowed Industry to Flourish The Mughal DynastyTolerant Administration1 high officials were Muslims2. lower officials were Hindu3. Zamindars (Local Officials)a. paid in landb. peasants farmed land for the officials* 1/3 of a peasants salary taxed* taxes flexiblePolitical Stability Allowed Industry to Flourish
9The Mughal Dynasty Jahangir - court fell into the hands of his wives a. Nur Jahan* used her position to increaseher families wealth
10The Mughal Dynasty Shah Jahan 1. son of Nur Jahan 2. ruler in 1627 a. killed rivals3. failed at internal problemsa. inherited empty treasury* Nur Jahanb. majority of subjects in horrible povertyc. military campaigns & building project* raise taxesd. Transportation Problems* nothing done
11The Mughal DynastyAs the famine increased, men abandoned towns and villages and wandered helplessly. It was easy to recognize their condition: eyes sunk deep in head, lips pale and covered with slime, the skin hard, with the bones showing through, the belly nothing but a pouch hanging down empty, knuckles and knee-caps showing prominently. One would cry and howl for hunger, while another lay stretched on the ground dying in misery; wherever you went, you saw nothing but corpses.
12Shah JehanTaj MahalBuilt in honor of his wife who died during childbirth.Took over a decade to build and it nearly bankrupted the empire.Shah Jehan became seriously ill and a dispute over the succession of the throne ensued between his three sons.Aurangzeb deposed Shah Jehan in a coup d’etat in Shah Jehan was imprisoned in the Octagonal Tower of the Agra Fort from which he could see the Taj Mahal. He died in 1666 and was buried next to his wife in the Taj Mahal.
13The Mughal Dynasty Struggle for Power Aurangzeb - kills his brother - imprisons his father- devoutly Muslim- good things1. forbid Hindu suttee2. forbid illegal taxes3. forbid gambling and drinking(failed)- bad things1. new Hindu temples forbidden2. non-Muslims driven from court3. Hindus forced to convert to Islam