Presentation on theme: "The National School Lunch Program and Our Children’s Health Jenny Pompilio PHE 510 Public Health & Social Justice."— Presentation transcript:
The National School Lunch Program and Our Children’s Health Jenny Pompilio PHE 510 Public Health & Social Justice
Introduction Our Children’s Health – Obesity – Heart Disease – Diabetes – Life expectancy National School Lunch Program (NSLP) – Origin – Subpar nutrition standards – Industry ties Emerging movements
A.A. Milne “When you wake up in the morning, Pooh,” said Piglet at last, “what’s the first thing you say to yourself?” “What’s for breakfast?” said Pooh. “What do you say, Piglet?” “I say, I wonder what’s going to happen exciting today?” said Piglet. Pooh nodded thoughtfully. “It’s the same thing,” he said.
NSLP History 1946 National School Lunch Act 1966 Child Nutrition Act (Breakfast, Summer, CACNP) 1980 Dietary Guidelines Americans 1983 Foods Minimal Nutritional Value 2002 Farm Act Fruit/Veggie Pilot 2004 Child Nutrition & WIC Reauthorization Act
NSLP Quick Facts Mission: “promote the health and well-being of the Nation’s children” >100, 000 Schools 28 Million lunches/day 5 BILLION lunches/year 94% of ALL schools (avg. 60% participation in NSLP) Free <130% FPL (49%) Reduced <185% (10%)
NSLP participants 48% <10 yrs old Low income children: 2/3 of participants Equal participation white/blacks/Hispanics Free lunch ~single female HOH Low income children are affected more by obesity…
NSLP & Participant Nutrition Food based vs. nutrient based 1/3 RDA energy, iron, protein, CA, Vit. A & C <1/4 elem. schools meet total fat req. of <30%; <1/3 meet sat. fat req. of <10%* 95% exceed upper limit for Na Vegetable consumption higher, due to potatoes/french fries Studies suggest link btw NSLP and overweight (do not “prove!”) *2005 DGA new fat range 25-35% & added sugars removed from key messages!
NSLP & Industry USDA 2004: Senior Advisor on Food & Nutrition (NCBA*); Press Secretary (NCBA); CIO (ConAgra) DGA 2005: Kraft; Mars; American Egg Board; Sugar Association; NCBA Kellogg; National Dairy Board & Council 2008 Sec Ag: corn sweet- eners; Governor's Biotech Partnership; fish farms *National Cattlemen’s Beef Association
Cause for Hope NSLP: Wellness Policy, Fruit & Veggie Program; Geographic Preference Oregon HB 3601: DOE & ODA collaborate on Farm to School & School Garden Programs- Centennial Learning Center National and Local Initiatives
Conclusions Our children’s health in peril Policy: double-edged sword Children’s health vs. Agribusiness Bee the change you want to see in the world!!!
Resources National School Lunch Program www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Lunch Farm to School National Network www.farmtoschool.org Center for Ecoliteracy www.ecoliteracy.org Alliance for a Healthier Generation www.healthiergeneration.org Dietary Guideline for Americans 2010 www.cnpp.usda.gov/dietaryguidelines Slow Food USA Slow Food in Schools www.slowfoodusa.org Ecotrust Farm to School www.ecotrust.org/farmtoschool