Presentation on theme: "Louisiana Safe Routes To School Program"— Presentation transcript:
1 Louisiana Safe Routes To School Program Infrastructure Projects
2 Purpose (Section 1404(b) of the legislation) To Enable And Encourage Children, Including Those With Disabilities, To Walk And Bicycle To School.To Make Bicycling And Walking To School A Safer And More Appealing Transportation Alternative, Thereby Encouraging A Healthy And Active Lifestyle From An Early Age; AndContinued on next slideThe purpose of the program as stated in the legislation is:To enable and encourage children, including those with disabilities, to walk and bicycle to school.To make bicycling and walking to school a safer and more appealing transportation alternative, thereby encouraging a healthy and active lifestyle from an early age; and
3 Purpose (Continued)To Facilitate The Planning, Development And Implementation Of Projects And Activities That Will Improve Safety And Reduce Traffic, Fuel Consumption, And Air Pollution In The Vicinity Of Schools.To facilitate the planning, development and implementation of projects and activities that will improve safety and reduce traffic, fuel consumption, and air pollution in the vicinity of schools
4 Funding CategoriesINFRASTRUCTURE – Generally those activities that involve the planning, design and construction of physical improvementsNON-INFRASTRUCTURE – Generally those activities related to education and the encouragement of walking and bicycling to school as well as enforcement and evaluation
5 Guiding Principles Infrastructure is a prerequisite Relationships between all components are everythingEasy to implement, low cost solutions should be implemented firstIn order for kids to bike or walk to school safely at least a minimum amount of infrastructure is required.Each component has to be evaluated in relation to all other components.Low cost solutions should not be overlooked and should be implemented first.
6 Guiding Principles (cont.) Improvements requiring substantial time and financial commitment are identified and an implementation plan developedEngineering treatments are matched to the type of problemIdentify all improvements that will be required to fully implement the program. Develop an implentation plan for each.Engineering treatments (Infrastructure) are generally the most costly solutions. Care should be taken to ensure that any recommended infrastructure improvements will solve an identified problem.
7 SRTS Summary GoalsWhere it’s safe, get kids bicycling and walking to school.Where it’s not safe, make the changes necessary to make it safe.
8 Infrastructure Examples Sidewalk improvements (new, repairs,etc.)Traffic calming/speed reduction improvementsPedestrian/bicycle crossing improvementsOn-street bicycle facilitiesOff-street bicycle/pedestrian facilitiesBicycle parking facilitiesTraffic diversion improvementsSidewalk Improvements can include new sidewalks, sidewalk widening, sidewalk gap closures, sidewalk repairs, curbs, gutters, and curb rampsTraffic calming and speed reduction improvements can include roundabouts, bulb-outs, speed bumps, raised crossings, raised intersections, median refuges, narrowed traffic lanes, lane reductions, full-or half-street closures, automated speed enforcement, and variable speed limits.Pedestrian and bicycle crossing improvements can include crossings, median refuges, raised crossing, raised intersections, traffic control devices (including new or upgraded traffic signals, pavement markings, traffic stripes, in-roadway crossing lights, flashing beacons, bicycle-sensitive signal actuation devices, pedestrian countdown signals, vehicle speed feedback signs, pedestrian activated signal upgrades), and sight distance improvementsOn-street bicycle facilities can include new or upgraded bicycle lanes, widened outside lanes or roadway shoulders, geometric improvements, turning lanes, channelization and roadway realignment, traffic signs, and pavement markings.Off street bicycle and pedestrian facilities can include exclusive multi-use bicycle and pedestrian trails and pathways that are separated from a roadway.Secure bicycle parking facilities can include bicycle parking racks, bicycle lockers, designated area with safety lighting, and covered bicycle sheltersTraffic diversion improvements can include separation of pedestrians and bicycles from vehicular traffic adjacent to school facilities, and traffic diversion away from school zones or designated routes to a school.
9 La Infrastructure Examples Sidewalks, Bike/Ped. pathsPedestrian bridge renovationFlashing school zone lightsBike racksCrosswalks and signsThese are the types of work that were approved in the first round of applications.
10 Location State highway or local roads Must be within 2 miles of a primary or middle schoolMust be public right of wayProperty acquisition must conform to Federal requirements
11 Engineering Creates safer conditions for walking and bicycling Can influence the way people behaveENGINEERING - Create operational and physical improvements to the infrastructure surrounding schools that reduce speeds and potential conflicts with motor vehicle traffic, and establish safer and fully accessible crossing, walkways, trails and bikewaysWest Valley City, UT
13 Proper maintenance is required to ensure that infrastructure remains safe for pedestrians and wheelchairs.
14 Walking in the street can be dangerous particularly when there are sight distance restrictions and/or relatively heavy traffic volumes and higher speed limits
15 The effective width of the sidewalk because of landscaping The effective width of the sidewalk because of landscaping. Care must be taken to ensure that all obstructions are cleared that may reduce the utility of the sidewalk.
16 This is another example of bushes restricting the effective width of a sidewalk.
17 Parked cars are restricting the use of the sidewalk at this location.
18 There is no sidewalk at the end of the crosswalk to connect to the sidewalk network.
19 Here is another case where the connection to the sidewalk at the end of the crosswalk does not exist.
20 The sidewalk ends and there are sight distance problems thereby making this area unsafe for pedestrians.
23 Engineering Tools Outline Develop a school route mapThe school zoneAlong the school routeCrossing the streetSlowing down traffic
24 Identify Safe School Routes Develop a school route mapNeighborhood Walk-abouts and Bike-aboutsWalking and Bicycling AuditsParent and student surveysDevelop a school traffic control planA school route map informs each student of the safest and most convenient walking and bicycling route to school and can identify areas that require engineering treatments.There are standard walk-about and bike-about checklist forms that can be obtained on the internet
26 School Traffic Control Plan Based on the routes that have been identified a traffic control plan should be developed. The plan should be developed by a traffic engineer and approved by the local government.
27 The School Zone Signs and Pavement Markings School Speed Limits MUTCD (http://mutcd.fhwa.dot)Yellow-Green school signsSchool Speed LimitsIn-street signingOther
28 Along the School Route Safe and well designed facilities Sidewalks ADA requirementsSidewalksGuide for the Planning, Design, and Operation of Pedestrian facilities (AASHTO)Recommend 5’ widthBicycle facilitiesGuide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities (AASHTO)
29 Crossing the Street Identify good crossing locations Reduce crossing distancesUse appropriate traffic controlsAre Traffic volumes and/or speed a safety problem
30 Slowing Down Traffic Traffic calming Radar speed displays Speed humps Other design elements
31 Engineering Considerations AASHTO Design GuidesADA RequirementsDOTD RequirementsManual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD)All bicycle facility projects must be designed and constructed to meet the criteria outlined in The Guide for Development of Bicycle Facilities, published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). Pedestrian facility projects must comply with AASHTO’s guide, A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets.Pedestrian facility projects must be designed to reasonably meet the needs of persons with disabilities and be Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) compliant.Sidewalks should be a minimum width to allow at least two people to walk comfortably side by side (standards outlined in the Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, recommend at least five feet). Where large numbers of children gather, sidewalks should be even wider with clear landscaped edges to separate them from the street. Sidewalks need to be flat, with curb cuts at corners, but without sloping driveways.All services and documents will meet the standard requirements as to format and content of DOTD and will be prepared in accordance with the latest standards;DOTD Location and Survey ManualRoadway Design Procedures and DetailsDOTD Hydraulics ManualStandard Specifications for Roads and Bridges, etc.Latest edition of MUTCDUtility relocations will not be funded but utility adjustments will beRight of way will not be funded, however, right of way purchase must be in accordance with the provisions of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970
32 Summary of Solutions Sidewalks Signs and Markings Traffic calming/diversion
33 New Sidewalk Problems Drainage Right-of-Way Utilities Piping ditches is expensiveRight-of-WayAcquisition must conform to FHWA requirementsUtilitiesRelocationAdjustments
35 Comprehensive SRTS Program The 5 E’sEngineeringEducationEncouragementEnforcementEvaluation
36 Developing An SRTS Program Identify The Problem(s)Develop SolutionsInfrastructure ImprovementsNon-Infrastructure ActivitiesEstimate CostDevelop An Action PlanDevelop An Evaluation PlanThis program is not just about getting a sidewalk project or a bicycle training project or bike racks, etc. It is about developing a program that will get the most benefit for the money available. To do this we need to go through several steps.Each of these will be expanded on to some extent. We will not get into a lot of detail, however, since there is ample information available on the internet or other sources. Most of you were at the training session yesterday so we will not duplicate that information.
37 Problem Identification “No spin – just the facts” OrganizeAssess Current EnvironmentAssess Existing InfrastructureIdentify Safety ProblemsCollect DataDon’t jump straight to solutions. You need to identify and document problems first.
38 Organize (Form A Team) SCHOOL (Principal, staff, student) LOCAL GOVERNMENT (Enforcement, DPW, School Board, etc.)PARENTS (PTO, etc.)OTHER INTERESTED PARTIESENGINEER (Traffic or other)CHAMPION (Someone who can keep things moving)The Team - A SRTS team consists of parents, children, teachers, principals, and neighbors of a single school. The team gathers information about their school through surveys and traffic counts, organizes incentive-based events and contests to encourage students to try new modes of transportation, and promotes the program through school newsletters and other means to reach parents and students.The Champions - Champions are individuals whose passion and enthusiasm will give life to the program. Every SRTS program needs at least one champion. The champion can be a teacher, a principal, even a child, but usually the champions are parents who want to ensure a safer environment for their own children. Often they are avid walkers or bicyclists and set a positive example with their own travel behavior. Champions are the key organizers of the program, overseeing activities at their school and working with champions from other schools to share ideas.
39 Assess Current Environment Identify students who:Currently walk or bike to schoolTake bus or driven to schoolLive within one or two miles of schoolCould potentially walk or bike to schoolSRTS student and parent surveysSee SRTS websiteUse surveys to determine how many children currently walk or bike to school or how many currently take a bus or are driven to schoolUse a map to locate where children live within one or two miles of a school.Determine the routes that they use to get to school.Estimate the number who could potentially walk or bike to school
42 Engineering Solutions First, consider low cost, easy to implement solutionsIdentify and program longer-term improvement needsMatch the treatment to the problemLow cost, easy to implement solutions can include such items as signing, crosswalks, other marking, etcCan also include education and or encouragement activitiesLonger-term improvements can include major infrastructure improvements to provide and maintain facilities along a school route such as:SidewalksOn-street bicycle facilitiesPathsConnectionsPedestrian and bicycle bridges
43 Engineering Solutions (Cont.) Provide Safe Street CrossingsKeep it simpleShorten crossing distancesCarefully select crossing locations and marked crosswalksControl Traffic Speed
44 Identify Safety Problems Actual Safety ProblemsPerceived Safety ProblemsSafety is one of the biggest issues for students walking or biking to school. There can be actual safety problems and some safety problems are perceived but they are just as real in affecting whether kids are allowed to walk or bike to school.
45 Actual Safety Problems ObservationsAround The School, Along The School Route, Crossing The Street, Traffic Behavior Etc.Collect DataCrash Data From Local PoliceCrime DataTraffic volume and speed dataWe can observe if kids are being safe around the school and on routes to school. We can also observe if there are any apparent problems with traffic. We may want to do additional studies such as speed studies, driver behavior at cross walks, etc.The use of crash data can also help to pinpoint problem areasAny actual crime data affecting kids walking or biking to school should be documented.
46 Perceived Safety Problems SurveysParentsChildrenTypesTrafficCrimeOtherPerceived safety problems should be determined through surveys of parents and children.
47 Other Problems Weather Backpacks Too Far Etc. Other reasons why kids are not walking or biking to school should also be documented. Some common ones would be the weather, kids have to carry too much back and forth to school, or some think it is too far to walk or bike, etc.
48 Identify Potential Solutions Improve FacilitiesEngineeringChange Driver BehaviorEnforcementEncourage Students/ParentsEducateStudents/Parents/TeachersFirst, based on the problems identified, brainstorm solutions in consultation with public works staff members and other engineering consultants or experts. Use the expertise to work with you in developing the right solution for the specific problems identified.The solutions will generally fit in one or more of these categories.
49 Link The Solution/Problem Identify The Impact Of The Proposed Solution In Regards To The Identified ProblemIncreased Safety?More children walking/bicycling to school?Reduced speeds?Change in behavior?It is important to link the proposed solutions to the identified problems.
50 Develop Infrastructure Cost Estimates EngineeringConstructionOperationsGenerally cost estimates for engineering related solutions require an engineer familiar with cost estimates and procedures for projects that will be bid through DOTD. This would normally require basic engineering information such as basic design criteria, estimate of quantities by item, cost estimate for each item and then extension of costs to arrive at a total.
51 Develop Non-infrastr. Cost Estimates EncouragementEducationEnforcementEvaluationThe cost estimates for non-infrastructure activities should also be itemized. This can include education materials, equipment, training programs, etc.
52 Develop An Action PlanList All Identified Problems And Solutions With The Cost Of EachPrioritizeDevelop A Time Frame For AccomplishingIdentify Potential Source Of Funds For EachIdentify Steps To Put Plan Into MotionAfter developing a plan and how much it will cost we need to take that next step and determine how we are going to implement the plan. We may find out that the cost will be more than we can reasonably expect to fund using SRTS funds over a reasonable time period. We then need to look at other sources of funds or other means to accomplish the goal.It’s not enough to develop a comprehensive plan. You must develop a plan of action for accomplishing the plan.
53 SummaryA comprehensive strategy must be used to achieve the goals of the program.The 5 E’s should be applied to solve identified problems.