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1 A Glance at the Science and Technology Situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran Summary of the third macro assessment of Science and Technology (2007-08)

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Presentation on theme: "1 A Glance at the Science and Technology Situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran Summary of the third macro assessment of Science and Technology (2007-08)"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 A Glance at the Science and Technology Situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran Summary of the third macro assessment of Science and Technology ( ) By: Dr. Abdolali Sharghi Director for Scientific & International Cooperation The Board of the Supervision and Assessment of Cultural and Scientific Affairs, Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution (Assistant Professor at the Shahid Beheshti University) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

2 2 Mr. Majid Zabihi Deputy Director General Office of Cultural and Trade Statistics, Statistical Centre of Iran (SCI) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

3 3 Dr. Reza Maniee Head of Statistics & Information Technology Department of Institute for Research & Planning in Higher Education Ministry of Sconces, Research & Technology 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

4 4 ‌ ‌ Brief of Our Country: IRANArea:Populations: Administrative divisions: Capital: Official religion: Official language: Money unit: Land boundaries: Coastline:Climate: 1,648,195 1,648,195 square km 74,48 m (in 2010) 31 provinces Tehran Islam Persian Rial 6031 km 2,700 km Mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

5 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010 R & D Survey in Iran  History: Started since 1997  Frequency of data collection: Every 2 years  Target population: - Industrial enterprises with more than 50 employees which they have R&D sector (codes: 15 to 37 ISIC rev 3.1) - Industrial enterprises with more than 50 employees which they have R&D sector (codes: 15 to 37 ISIC rev 3.1) - Research and Development Enterprises (code: 73 ISIC rev 3.1) - Research and Development Enterprises (code: 73 ISIC rev 3.1) - Higher education (code 803 ISIC rev 3.1) - Higher education (code 803 ISIC rev 3.1)  Sources: Frascati Manual since 2004

6 6 Statistical Centre of Iran (SCI) The Statistical Centre of Iran is the major supplier of statistical information in the Islamic Republic of Iran and usually conducts as many as 30 general statistical surveys per year 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

7 7Mission  Taking general censuses and sample surveys on social and economic issues  Providing required statistics to meet data needed for planning and development programs planning and development programs  Developing and maintenance of statistical frameworks  Processing, analysis and dissemination of surveys results  Providing national accounts and price indices  Providing statistical concepts, definitions, standards and classifications Number of staff : Around 600 Number of staff : Around South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

8 Institute for Research & Planning in Higher Education Ministry of Sconces, Research & Technology (IRPHE) The Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education was established in 1969 and one of the main mission of this institute is the organizing of statistics of higher education The Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education was established in 1969 and one of the main mission of this institute is the organizing of statistics of higher education Department of Statistics and Information Technology is one of the 5 departments of IRPHE that are gathering, processing and publishing the statistics of higher education in Iran. Department of Statistics and Information Technology is one of the 5 departments of IRPHE that are gathering, processing and publishing the statistics of higher education in Iran South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

9 Higher Education Students in 2010 (1) FemaleMaleTotal Total Percentage Gov Non-Gov Total Total Percentage South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December Institute for Research & Planning in Higher Education (IRPHE)

10 TotalLectures Assistant Professor Associated Professor Professor Percentage Full Time Faculty Members of Higher Education in 2010 (1) 1. Institute for Research & Planning in Higher Education (IRPHE) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

11 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010 The Growth of Higher Education Students in Iran & World (1) Annual mean growth of the world’s students : 4.6% Annual mean growth of the world’s students : 4.6% Annual mean growth of the Iranian’s students : 10.3% Annual mean growth of the Iranian’s students : 10.3% Number of students of the world are double every 15 years Number of students of the world are double every 15 years Number of students of Iran are double every 7 years Number of students of Iran are double every 7 years Annual mean growth of female students in the world : 5.5% Annual mean growth of female students in the world : 5.5% Annual mean growth of female students in Iran: 12.5% Annual mean growth of female students in Iran: 12.5% 1.Institute for Research & Planning in Higher Education (IRPHE) & UNESCO Institute for Statistics ( UIS)

12 1212 Overview of S&T Assessment in Iran Establishment of the Board of the Supervision and Assessment of Cultural and Scientific Affairs in 2000 Establishment of the Board of the Supervision and Assessment of Cultural and Scientific Affairs in 2000 Approval of the S&T assessment objectives, methodology, levels, indicators and procedure Approval of the S&T assessment objectives, methodology, levels, indicators and procedure Carrying out the assessments Carrying out the assessments Applying the assessment achievements to S&T policy making Applying the assessment achievements to S&T policy making 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

13 1313 S&T Assessment Objectives  To obtain an account of the S&T status in the country  To present suggestions to the policy setting bodies  To encourage those in charge of scientific activities  To provide a fair competition among S&T institutes 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

14 1414 Methodology of Assessment A Hybrid Method Indicator Based Assessment: Indicator Based Assessment: Using Quantitative & Qualitative indicators Using Quantitative & Qualitative indicators SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) Analysis SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) Analysis 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

15 1515 Levels of Assessment Macro-Assessment: Macro-Assessment: S&T status of the country was evaluated in an international scale. Micro-Assessment: Micro-Assessment: The status of S&T institutes were assessed and compared. A ranking of similar organizations institutes was carried out South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

16 1616 S&T Indicators Indicators QualitativeQuantitative HumanResourcesFinancialStructuralPerformanceProductivity 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

17 1717 Quantitative Indicators for Macro-Assessment 1. Human resource indicators (11 indicators) 2. Financial indicators (14 indicators) 3. Structural indicators (11 indicators) 4. Performance indicators (14 indicators) 5. Productivity indicators (10 indicators) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

18 1818 Qualitative Indicators Indicators that are very difficult or even impossible to be investigated quantitatively. Qualitative Indicators Indicators that are very difficult or even impossible to be investigated quantitatively South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

19 1919 Qualitative Indicators  The degree to which research results are practically used in the country  Social status and job satisfaction of scientists and researchers  The quality and effectiveness of S&T organizing nation-wide 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

20 2020 Computing the indicators by processing statistics SWOT analysis Validation of statistics and information collected Specifying the information and statistics needed Reviewing, Revising and approving the results by the Board Presenting the results to policy setting bodies Assessment Procedure Illustration of indicators in the form of tables and figures Compiling information & statistics 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

21 2121 Selective Results of S&T Assessment in Iran 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

22 2222 Total researchers per million populations 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

23 2323 Percentage of researchers in different specialized fields 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

24 2424 Number of research workers per one million populations in 2002 and 2004 (1) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December wwwSourceOECD.org

25 2525 Total R&D budget (Billion Rials) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

26 2626 Total scientific publications indexed in ISI South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

27 2727 Percentage of articles published in foreign journals by different fields 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

28 2828 Share of each country in the scientific productions indexed by ISI in 2002 and South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

29 2929 Number of patents 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

30 3030 Number of scientific productions indexed by ISI per one hundred researchers in 2004 Number of scientific productions indexed by ISI per one hundred researchers in South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

31 3131 Percentage of the scientific productions of Iran and the world indexed by ISI in different scientific fields during Statistics for France and Germany in 2003 and United States in South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

32 3232 The growth of scientific publications (base year 1990=100) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

33 3333 Share of women in different scientific positions in South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

34 3434 Women's share of students in different educational levels from 1996 to South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

35 3535 Telephone lines per 100 people in 2007 (1) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December International Telecommunications Union

36 3636 Cellular Subscribers per 100 people in 2007 (1) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December International Telecommunications Union

37 3737 PC, number in use per 100 people in 2005 (1) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December International Telecommunications Union

38 3838 PC in use per 100 people in 2005 (1) 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December International Telecommunications Union

39 3939 Assessment Conclusions The human resources in S&T sector has been developed considerable in the country. The human resources in S&T sector has been developed considerable in the country. Some of the S&T indicators have rapidly improved in recent years. Some of the S&T indicators have rapidly improved in recent years. There is more emphasis on Science rather than on Technology. There is more emphasis on Science rather than on Technology South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

40 4040 There is a large gap between S&T pioneers and other researchers in the sector. There is a large gap between S&T pioneers and other researchers in the sector. The progress achieved in different fields is not uniform The progress achieved in different fields is not uniform There is still a large gap between Iran and industrial countries in both Science and Technology. There is still a large gap between Iran and industrial countries in both Science and Technology South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

41 4141 From S&T Assessment to S&T Policy From S&T Assessment to S&T Policy Results of Indicator Based Assessment + SWOT Analysis PolicyRecommendations Also Indicators as Policy 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

42 4242 Recommendations to Policy Setting Bodies To Supreme Council for Cultural Revolution To Supreme Council for Cultural Revolution To Vice-President for Science and Technology To Vice-President for Science and Technology To Vice-President and Planning and Strategic Supervision To Vice-President and Planning and Strategic Supervision To Ministry of Science, Research and Technology To Ministry of Science, Research and Technology To other Ministries To other Ministries 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

43 4343 Policy Recommendations Quality of researchers Quality of researchers Technology development and assimilation Technology development and assimilation Bridging the gap between S&T pioneers and other researchers Bridging the gap between S&T pioneers and other researchers A more uniform progress among scientific fields A more uniform progress among scientific fields 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010

44 4444 Thank you for your attention 2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal, 6 to 9 December 2010


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