Presentation on theme: "Rapid Re-Housing Models and Practices: Progressive Engagement and Related Approaches Washington Low Income Housing Alliance Conference on Ending Homelessness."— Presentation transcript:
1Rapid Re-Housing Models and Practices: Progressive Engagement and Related Approaches Washington Low Income Housing Alliance Conference on Ending HomelessnessKatharine Gale May 21, 2014
2Core components of Rapid Re-Housing Housing IdentificationRecruit landlords to provide housing opportunities for individuals and families experiencing homelessness.Rent and Move-In Assistance (Financial)Provide assistance to cover move-in costs, deposits, and the rental and/or utility assistance (typically six months or less) necessary to allow individuals and families to move immediately out of homelessness and to stabilize in permanent housing.From NAEH in collaboration with, and endorsed by, the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH), the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
3Core components of Rapid Re-Housing Services to help secure housing:Help individuals and households:Identify and select from permanent housing options based on unique needs, preferences, and financial resources.Address issues that may impede access to housing (e.g. credit history, arrears, and legal issues).Negotiate manageable and appropriate lease agreements with landlords.Services to help maintain housing:Appropriate and time-limited services and supports to stabilize quickly in permanent housing.Monitor housing stabilityBe available to resolve crises, at a minimum during the time rapid re-housing assistance is provided.
4Core components of Rapid Re-Housing Connections to community-based servicesProvide or assist with connections to resources that improve safety and well-being and help achieve long-term goals, as needed, e.g. benefits, employment and community-based services.Manner of deliveryEnsure that services are client-directed, respectful of individuals’ right to self-determination, and voluntary.Unless basic, program-related case management is required by statute or regulation, participation in services should not be required to receive rapid re-housing assistanceFrom NAEH in collaboration with, and endorsed by, the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH), the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
5How do we define success? Households that have no housing get housed, and do not return to homelessness in a defined time periodDon’t expect 100% ...But so far better than everything else we do, except permanent subsidies (i.e. shelter, transitional, services only, even some PSH)
6How can it work??> 95% of people in poverty are housed at a point in time – how do they do it?Very low income families typically rent- burdened. Most pay > 30% and many pay > 50% of income for housing but remain housed.Our families typically have incomes at 10-15% of median - not going to live in median cost housing
7Rapid re-housing's potential is great Based on typical costs, we can successfully rehouse five times as many people with rapid rehousing as with transitional housing, with equal or better outcomes
8Design questions: how much is enough? Programs of varying length and depth have had similar success ratesLonger stays look good, especially for income changes, but shorter stays look good too, especially on housing stabilityShorter stays let us help more households with the same amount of resources
9What about assessment? But: Assessment is critical: need knowledge of client’s relevant history, current plans and desiresUnderstand housing barriers to assist, not to refuse assistanceDevelop realistic approach to finding landlords and housing situationsAbility to link clients to supports in the communityBut:Assessment up front may not be a good way to size the financial assistance or length of time services are offeredExample: Let’s all go on a job hunt…
10Progressive Engagement Lightest touch possible first, leaving open potential for more- or -“you can always add more, but you can’t take it away”19
11Progressive Engagement approach Independently HousedPSH $$$$Point of EntryRRH 1$RRH 2$$RRH 3$$$*[Graphic from National Alliance to End Homelessness]
12A change in philosophy and culture Take as the goal ending the housing crisisIdea of doing the least necessaryBelieving people can make it without us, but being there if they cannotGetting rewarded by seeing people leave, and helping more
13How do you structure it??Use different resources in tandem, based on their requirements and strengths, for different levels or phases of assistanceTANF$ESG$$HOME TBRA$$$Example:Use one resource with regular reassessments and adjustmentsExample: ESG alone, SSVF, local Child Welfare dollars
14Resource Model from The Road Home REFERRALDEPOSIT ASSISTANCESHORT TERM RENTAL ASSISTANCETBRATRH TRANS HOUSINGCOC LEASINGSHELTER PLUS CAREPERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING200 families300 families75 families (typically, a subset of 300 families served) No FinancialSupportESG, TANFCity TBRA, County TBRA, WVCTBRASandy Duplex, Sandy Condo, Sandy House, 5100 West, Highwood, Wenco, RiversideScatteredCounty SPCCity SPCSponsor Based SPC, PBS8, Project Based SPCAssistance with applications and movement to S8, PH, Mod Rehab, other subsidy through local housing authorities, move out on their ownIncludes deposit, prorated rent and first month’s rentIncludes deposit, prorated and first month’s rent. Ongoing subsidy approved for 3 months.Rental assistance from County TBRA, WVC TBRA, City TBRATraditional Transitional housing managed by The Road Home.Unit is Master Leased by TRH. Tenant signs Occupancy AgreementScattered Site Apartments, Tenant Signs Lease with PMFrontier Apartments, Permanent Disabled Apartments, Palmer Court. Permanent housing for people with disabilities.No CMIncludes light case management geared toward employment and stabilization in housing.Includes customized supportive services geared toward self-sufficiency in housing.Tailored supportive services geared toward barrier elimination and obtaining stable housing.Intensive customized supportive services geared toward self-sufficiency in housing.
15How do you structure it?? What do you need to know? Funding Available/BudgetRules of the funding – what can it pay for and for whomThe population you will serve and their housing barriersTrends for lengths of stay and exitsCommunity partnersIf we’re not going to provide the service, who can?Projecting the overall program size – knowing how to budget and staff
19Checking the assumptions Road Home Projected Annual – 500 familiesActual Cohort – 119 FamiliesNo Financial AssistanceRapid Rehousing AssistancePSH20030075 (of the 300)40%60%25% of RRH and 15% of totalNo Financial AssistanceLight RRH ( </= 5 months)Deeper RRH (Interim)PSH605918251650%30% of RRH42% of RRH27% of RRH and 13% of total
20Using data to adjust Unacceptable losses or rates of return? Resize, assist longer, check-in more, develop new partnershipsEverybody sticks? Trying giving less supportSome succeed and some don't? What factors can we look at: e.g. family size, income source, histories of homelessness, the staff person or staffing?
21Closing thoughtsWe should be at least as concerned of failing by inaction as we are of failing by our actions.We have the data now to monitor progress as we go; if something's not working we can change it, but if we never try, we’ll never know.Always keep the next household that needs help in mind.
22For more informationNational Alliance to End HomelessnessUnited States Interagency Council on HomelessnessFocus StrategiesContact us:
23PROGRESSIVE ENGAGEMENT… HOW IT WORKS ON THE GROUND? Washington Low Income Housing AllianceConference on Ending HomelessnessMay 21, 2014Vivian Wan, MSWAssociate DirectorHow much… how long... for whom?Design & ImplementationMechanics of Creativity…what tools do you need?Letting go sooner end homelessness for people
24Abode Services = Housing First Started as a “shelter provider”Adopted Housing First in 200530 Housing Programs- 940 HH/ nightEmployees 15 Housing Specialists & 4 Housing ManagersHousing “Soup to Nuts”First time homelessness – outreach, shelter, diversion, Rapid RehousingEpisodic- outreach, shelter, diversion, prevention, RRH, transition in placeChronic- outreach, shelter, long-term supportive housing, RRH as bridge
25Bypassing Shelter= Better Outcomes Outcomes of Winter Relief Program-Permanent Housing <30%,-Length of Stay > 9 monthsCompared to success of RRH %Putting $$ behind outcomes- fundersCreatively moving money around-Kick off with HPRP, replace with HOME, ESG, General Fund, Probation, Child Welfare, and yes… even HUD CoC!!
26WHO? “BUT THIS FAMILY NEEDS MORE…” ONE REAL ASSESSMENT QUESTION!!! Does this family have a desire and ability to increase their household income to pay for housing through…. $$$ benefits acquisition $$$ earned income $$$ changing household comp OR…. In geography?
30HOW MUCH….HOW LONG?Designed for singles, families, veterans, first time homeless, and episodic homeless.Those who have some desire & ability to increase income.Flexibility is key!!Phase 1 – 0-3 Months – 40% of adjusted incomePhase 2 – 3-6 Months – 30% of rentPhase 3 – 6-9 Months – 50% of rentPhase 4 – 9-12 Months -70% of rent3 month reassessmentsFunding set-aside for “prevention”Say yes, we can do that…
31HOW IT WORKS….Example 1: Household enters program with $600/month (adjusted). Rent for unit is $1,000Phase 1:Months 1-3Phase 2:Months 4-6Phase 3:Months 7-9Phase 4:Months 10-1240% of adjusted income30% of contract rent50% of contract rent70% of contract rentTenant Contribution$240$300$500$700Example 2: Household enters program with $1,100/month (adjusted). Rent for unit is $925..Phase 1:Months 1-3Skip this phasePhase 2:Months 4-6Phase 3:Months 7-940% of adjusted income30% of contract rent50% of contract rent70% of contract rentTenant Contribution$440$278*$463$648
33Why it works? Ending Homelessness- Not poverty 95% of people living in poverty are not homelessPeople who have a home fight to keep itExpect high rent “burdens”- as high as 85%People can “return” if they need helpHelps staff and participantsUses Time and Resources wiselyTraditionally we spend time on those who often need the least helpCan DOUBLE or even TRIPLE numbers served- most will achieve housing stabilityLess than 5% returns to homelessness
34Innovation Programs that give 2nd, 3rd, and 4th chances Housing ENDS HomelessnessPrograms that support movesPrograms that give 2nd, 3rd, and 4th chancesValue Outcomes– not perfectionTake chances-- fail- learnSupport “different” housing options- “Say Yes”
35Progressive Engagement- Work On the Ground If you would like more information, you can contact:Vivian Wan, Associate Director(510) x 212