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Internet of things Claus Thybo 11 maj 2010

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1 Internet of things Claus Thybo 11 maj 2010
Grid for alternative Title Slide Internet of things Claus Thybo 11 maj 2010

2 Internet of Things – et perspektiv fra Danfoss
Vores udgangspunkt som industriel virksomhed Hvad laver internet i vores produkter i dag? Udfordringer med øget connectivity. Et par eksempler på igangværende forsknings og udviklingsprojekter Konklusion

3 Headquarters Denmark Headquarters

4 Business Structure – Group

5 Net sales 2009 (2008) Distributed by regions

6 Product range Danfoss Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Controls
Danfoss Power Electronics Danfoss Heating Solutions Danfoss Commercial Compressors Danfoss District Energy Danfoss Development

7 Danfoss Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Controls
Automatic Controls Industrial Automation Food Retail Heat Exchanger

8 Danfoss Power Electronics
Drives Silicon Power Solar Inverters

9 Danfoss Heating Solutions
Burner Components Room Controls Hydronic Balancing Floor Heating Heat Pumps

10 System oversigt – supermarkeds kølesystem

11 Fleksibelt energiforbrug
“Upholding reserves in order to respond instantly to quick changes in power consumption represents cost of 1M DKK pr MW annually” DONG Engineering

12 The Pain! Electricity cannot be stored in the transmission system, thus it is generated at the same time as it is consumed Consequently it is necessary to uphold reserves at all time in order to respond instantly to unexpected changes in consumption. (short term load variations <5min) Cost of the pain: Upholding these reserves represents unnecessary operational losses estimated to DKK (133k€) pr. MW annually, (Denmark) For the global power generation industry the operational losses have a cost annually of: > M€

13 Load variations Reserves are activated within few seconds in order to compensate for load variations Options for adjustment Fuel adjustment Throttling steam valve Condensate flow ctrl. The thermal solution Use thermal energy storage as a buffer Fast variations in power consumption (< 1min) ″Short term load variations″ Power consumption

14 Infrastructure + Products & Services
Power Stations Thermal energy storage Supermarket or cold stores with high degree of HVAC & thermal storage capacity Products: Power grid balancing S/W The Pain 2. Software features

15 Artemis JU

16 Technical Approach The eDIANA Platform is a reference model-based architecture, implemented through an open middleware including specifications, design methods, tools, standards, and procedures for platform validation and verification. eDIANA Platform will enable the interoperability of heterogeneous devices at the Cell and MacroCell levels, and it will provide the hook to connect the building as a node in the producer/consumer electrical grid. Thus, eDIANA will provide a Reference Architecture for a network of composable, interoperable and layered embedded systems that will be instantiated to several physical architectures. The eDIANA Platform realisations will then cope with a variable set of location and building specific constraints, related with parameters such as climate, Cell/MacroCell configuration (one to many, one to one etc), energy regulations etc.

17 Expected impact The technology to be developed in eDIANA will improve energy efficiency and optimize buildings energy consumption by 25%, providing real-time measurement, integration and control. Moreover, comfort will be improved, making the user aware and enabling user-controlled policies for household devices (lighting, domestic electronics, etc.). Such progress beyond the state of the art will enable the building to become an “active macroCell” in the energy network, connected to similar macroCells in a district or urban area.

18 Ediana setup

19 Konklusion Hovedudfordringen for ”internet of things” er ikke at få tingene til at snakke sammen, men at finde ud af hvad de skal snakke om. Det er ikke trivielt at definere generelle middelware protokoller, specielt på tværs af producenter og applikationer. Der er mange projekter i gang, specielt mht. fleksibelt energiforbrug, både på forsknings og udviklingsfronten. Der er fokus på standardisering


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