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© 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 1 | WWW.BENTLEY.COM Using VRT Files to Import ODBC, CSV Problem : Many data sources come in comma delimited or in.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 1 | WWW.BENTLEY.COM Using VRT Files to Import ODBC, CSV Problem : Many data sources come in comma delimited or in."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 1 | Using VRT Files to Import ODBC, CSV Problem : Many data sources come in comma delimited or in Excel or database formats Solution : VRT files describe the data source so they can be easily imported into Bentley Map Notes: –Works best with point features –Capitalization is important in the various parameters

2 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 2 | What is VRT (Virtual Datasource) An XML format file that describes the format of the source data –Data source –Feature name –Spatial Reference System –Field encoding Sample VRT SurveyMon.csv wkbPoint

3 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 3 | SurveyMon.csv wkbPoint Common Parts of VRT file Name of feature

4 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 4 | SurveyMon.csv wkbPoint Common Parts of VRT file Source for feature

5 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 5 | SurveyMon.csv wkbPoint Common Parts of VRT file Feature Type

6 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 6 | SurveyMon.csv wkbPoint Common Parts of VRT file Spatial Reference

7 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 7 | SurveyMon.csv wkbPoint Common Parts of VRT file Encoding (Column names containing XY(Z) values)

8 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 8 | CSV Example Source Data: SurveyMon.csv Easting,Northing,ID,Elevation , ,1, , ,2, , ,3, , ,4, , ,5, , ,6, , ,7, , ,8, , ,9, , ,10, VRT File SurveyMon.csv wkbPoint

9 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 9 | The Map Interoperability Tool File -> Map Interoperability Import -> New Import Add file… Set All File Types Show Properties -> Ungrouped

10 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 10 | Import the Data All headings from CSV are present, including system generated FID Set any WHERE clauses or spatial constraints Set any required symbology Import the data

11 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 11 | Review the Imported Features Feature named correctly – Located at correct location – All other properties imported

12 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 12 | specifies the geographic coordinate system (GCS) of the input data Examples are: – WGS84 – GEOGCS [ "GDA94", DATUM ["Geocentric Datum of Australia 1994 (EPSG ID 6283)", SPHEROID ["GRS 1980 (EPSG ID 7019)", , ]], PRIMEM [ "Greenwich", ], UNIT ["Decimal Degree", ]] A Note About Coordinate Systems

13 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 13 | A Note About Coordinate Systems Because the GCS can be difficult to define, a simple workaround is to omit the GCS definition and import to a DGN to which the GCS of the data has been assigned. Reference to other DGN files or reassign GCS Sample data is MTM27-10 Import to DGN file with GCS defined as: Reassign GCS as required for transformation

14 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 14 | Database and Spreadsheet Sources Require an ODBC connection to be setup which is specified in the data source parameter –SrcDataSource>ODBC:SurveyMonXLS Because there can be multiple tables or sheets in each source, an additional parameter is required – MonumentData This defines the table or range name in the source All other parameters remain the same

15 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 15 | ODBC Example – Excel Spreadsheet Setup ODBC link to XLS file File must be in Excel 97 – 2003 format Data is as shown Range Name (MonumentData) defines the extent of the cells to import including the column headers

16 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 16 | ODBC Example – Excel Spreadsheet VRT File ODBC:SurveyMonXLS MonumentData wkbPoint

17 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 17 | ODBC Example – Access Database Setup ODBC link to MDB or ACCDB file Data table is as shown Source layer is the name of the table

18 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 18 | ODBC Example – Access Database VRT File ODBC:SurveyMonMDB SurveyMon wkbPoint

19 © 2011 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 19 | Require a custom format for the data Geometry type is – wkbLineString – wkbPolygon For more information and examples: Linear and Polygon Sources top/f/5924/t/65028.aspx


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