Presentation on theme: "Home Modifications The Road to Independence. Universal Design n Opening every door. It enables everyone not just people with disabilities to navigate,"— Presentation transcript:
Home Modifications The Road to Independence
Universal Design n Opening every door. It enables everyone not just people with disabilities to navigate, manipulate and appreciate ones environment. n Example: Non-Slip Flooring is safer for all sorts of feet. n UD makes products, communications and the built environment aesthetically pleasing but also more usable by more people - at little or no extra cost.
ADA and Home Modifications n ADA Guidelines do not have to be followed to the letter, but they are a good reference. n When evaluating a client you should look at the whole picture. Client’s daily routine (work –vs.- home all day). - Home Modifications - ADL within the home - Vehicle Modifications - Seating and Mobility - Jobsite Accommodation n All of these should be addressed and evaluated when looking at the “whole picture” of enhancing the independence of a person with a disability.
Accessibility n Our purpose is to provide easy and safe access: –Access in and out of the vehicle and into the home –Accessibility within the home environment –Accessibility should provide the greatest degree of independence
ADA Ramp Guidelines for Ramps and Landings n 1:12 ratio n 3’ minimum for one way traffic n 4’ -Allows one wheelchair and one walking person to pass n 5’ -Allows two wheelchairs to pass n 5’ X 5’ at top of ramp, a change in direction (switchback ramp) and and at the end of the ramp Ramp Width and Landings
Handrails n Handrails are needed if: –Rise greater than 6 inches or –Run greater than 6 feet n Should be on both sides of the ramp n Continuous n If not continuous, must extent 1 foot (safety)
Problem and Solution
What’s wrong with this picture?
Pros and Cons of Ramps n Pros: - Provide gentle incline when accessing and exiting the home –Provides independence and safe access for a wheelchair user n Cons: - Are large and aesthetically obtrusive –Long - For walker may want to use large steps instead of ramp not an accessible solution for some –Requires maintenance
There is another option - Lift
Pros and Cons of Lifts n Pros: –Require less space –require less maintenance –Less travel distance –Possibly receive quicker than wooden ramp n Cons: –Depend on electrical power have manual override, but requires assistance- May require battery back up which adds to the cost
Ramp Vs. Lift n Low maintenance n Cost n Sometimes quick and easier access
Portable Modular Ramps EZ-ACCESS 1704 B Street N.W. Building E Suite 110 Auburn, Washington Toll free: Fax: Toll free fax:
Doorways n ADA Guidelines Require 32” passageway but we attempt to get 36” passageway n Bathroom Doors are smaller (24”) n Not enough wheelchair clearance from hallway to bedroom and bathroom etc… n Swing Away Hinges is an option/removing door jams
n If Client can access tub –Tub transfer bench, tub lift –Hand held shower –Grab Bars –Lo tub with cut out and seat Access to Tub
The Slider Shower/Tub Chair n Walk In Bath Tubs 21"
Roll in showers/Roll in shower chairs: Custom Tile Prefabricated
Roll in Shower Chairs
What’s wrong with this picture? Client information: - 22 year old female with MS and Lupus - Has lost vision completely - Unable to do any transfers independently - Cannot get wheelchair into bathroom - Currently get bed baths from mother
Before Modification Example
After Modification Example
After Modification Examples
Access to Toilet n Client uses wheelchair –wants toilet height at w/c seat height n Client does not use wheelchair –usually want high toilet –standard toilet - 15 inches –ADA guidelines - 18 inches
Access to Sink n Lever Handles n For Wheelchair users - free knee space with insulate pipes underneath n Mirror should be at eye level n Electrical outlets should be ground fault insulated
After Modification Example
Additional ADL Aids SuperPole Stair lift Outdoor stair lift
Final Thoughts Achieving a client’s ability to be as independent as possible is our goal. Always look at the whole picture of a person’s life from home, work, social and religious environments. The road to independence is a revolving door and one that will need nurturing throughout a person’s life.