Presentation on theme: "English language III Unit 20. Unit 20: business negotiations diplomacy /d ə ˈ plo ʊ m ə si/ - skill in dealing with others without causing bad feelings."— Presentation transcript:
English language III Unit 20
Unit 20: business negotiations diplomacy /d ə ˈ plo ʊ m ə si/ - skill in dealing with others without causing bad feelings – diplomatija, prepredenost This is a situation that calls for tactful diplomacy. cooperation /ko ʊˌɑ :p ə ˈ re ɪʃ ə n/ - a situation in which people work together to do something – kooperacija, saranja The report cited a lack of cooperation between state and local officials. The fair was organized in cooperation with local businesses. = The fair was organized with the cooperation of local businesses.
Unit 20 widespread / ˈ wa ɪ d ˈ spr ɛ d/ [more widespread; most widespread] : common over a wide area or among many people – (nadaleko) rasprostranjen, opšti There is widespread public interest in the election. Trade partners had become more widespread. There was widespread opposition to the plan. salesperson / ˈ se ɪ lz ˌ p ɚ sn ̩ /, plural: salespeople - a person whose job is to sell things The company is hiring new salespeople. reverence / ˈ r ɛ v ə r ə ns/ - formal, honor or respect that is felt for or shown to (someone or something) – (duboko) poštovanje, naklonost, strahopoštovanje Her poems are treated with reverence by other poets. a feeling of reverence for tradition Their religion has/shows a deep reverence for nature.
Unit 20 withhold /w ɪ θ ˈ ho ʊ ld/ - to hold (something) back – zadržati, uzdržati se od davanja You can withhold the fee until the work is complete. [=you can wait to pay the fee until after the work is complete] His letter was published in the newspaper but he asked that his name be withheld. [=that his name not be printed] negotiation /n ɪˌ go ʊʃ i ˈ e ɪʃ ə n/ - a formal discussion between people who are trying to reach an agreement : an act of negotiating – pregovaranje We need a negotiation between the townspeople and mayor over the site of the new library. The buyer and seller are continuing negotiations on the sale price and repairs to the house. Negotiations between the two governments have failed to produce an agreement. Negotiations with the protesters began today. bargaining - discussing an agreement or price in order to make it more appealing – cjenkanje, pogađanje After hours of hard bargaining, they came to an agreement. The larger corporation has more bargaining power. They are in a good bargaining position.
Unit 20 preparation / ˌ pr ɛ p ə ˈ re ɪʃ ə n/ - the activity or process of making something ready or of becoming ready for something - pripremanje The festival involves a lot of preparation. food/meal preparation To complete this recipe, plan on about 30 minutes of preparation and 40 minutes of baking. Plans for the next edition are already in preparation. [=are already being prepared/made] Her preparation for the role included training in karate. The boxer exercised daily in preparation for the fight. [=to prepare for the fight] work out - to find or create (something, such as a solution or a plan) by thinking – razraditi I'm trying to work out [=figure out] a way to do it. We worked out a plan to save money. We'll work the details out later. I don't know how you're going to get there. You have to work that out for yourself.
Unit 20 debating - discussing (something) with people whose opinions are different from your own - diskutovanje Scholars have been debating the meaning of the text for years. Whether or not the tax cuts benefit the lower classes is still hotly debated among economists. The energy bill is currently being debated in Congress. find out - to learn (something) by making an effort - utvrditi, naći I'd like to find out more about the school's psychology program. We need to find out where the meeting is being held. I don't know when the game starts, but I'll find out.
Unit 20 proposal /pr ə ˈ po ʊ z ə l/ - something (such as a plan or suggestion) that is presented to a person or group of people to consider – nacrt, osnova, ponuda, prijedlog Everyone thought the proposal made sense. They rejected/accepted/considered/approved my proposal. The committee is reviewing the proposal for the new restaurant. They put forth a proposal to sell the company. a business proposal trade / ˈ tre ɪ d/ - the activity or process of buying, selling, or exchanging goods or services – trgovina, kupovina i prodaja foreign/international trade the trade between the two countries The tariff is a barrier to trade. = The tariff is a trade barrier. trade agreements a trade route [=a route used for transporting goods]
UNIT 20 concede /k ə n ˈ si:d/ - to admit that you have been defeated and stop trying to win – priznati, popustiti Although it seems clear that he has lost the election, he still refuses to concede. He's not ready to concede the election. They were forced to concede defeat. [=to admit that they were defeated] conditionally /k ə n ˈ d ɪʃ ə nl ̟ i/ - uslovno The company has conditionally agreed to sell 20 percent of its stock. exchange / ɪ ks ˈ t ʃ e ɪ n ʤ / - an occurrence in which people give things of similar value to each other : the act of giving or taking one thing in return for another thing – mijenjati, zamijeniti, razmjena an exchange of goods a useful exchange of information/knowledge/ideas
UNIT 20 swiftly - happening or done quickly or immediately – hitro, brzo He answered swiftly. schedule / ˈ sk ɛˌʤ u:l/ - a plan of things that will be done and the times when they will be done – raspored, plan, lista I have a hectic/busy/full schedule this week. Students are planning their class/course schedules for next year. I have a flexible schedule [=I can change the times when I need to do things], so I can meet you at any time. Sorting the mail is part of her daily schedule. exploratory / ɪ k ˈ splor ə ˌ tori / - done or created to find something or to learn more about something - istraživački exploratory drilling for oil an exploratory committee He underwent exploratory surgery. [=surgery done to find and identify a problem]
UNIT 20 postpone / ˌ po ʊ st ˈ po ʊ n/ - to decide that something which had been planned for a particular time will be done at a later time instead – odgoditi, odložiti We had to postpone our vacation. = We had to postpone going on our vacation. The baseball game was postponed until/to tomorrow because of rain. break off - to become separated or cause (something) to become separated because of force or violence – prekinuti, presjeći The piece of plaster broke off easily. The handle broke off when I accidentally dropped the cup. take away - to remove (someone or something) : to cause (someone or something) to go away, to no longer exist, to no longer be held, etc. – lišiti, odnijeti, oduzeti, odvesti, ukloniti “Take him away!” said the queen. He was trying to take the ball away from the dog. A new store would take business away from existing stores in the area.
UNIT 20 failure / ˈ fe ɪ lj ɚ / - a situation or occurrence in which something does not work as it should – nedostatak, kvar The storm caused power failures [=outages] in many parts of the city. a failure [=lapse] of memory The accident was caused by engine failure. The patient was suffering from heart/kidney failure. compensation / ˌ k ɑ mp ə n ˈ se ɪʃ ə n/ - something that is done or given to make up for damage, trouble, etc. – kompenzacija, nadoknada, nagrada The court awarded the victims millions of dollars in compensation. She offered to pay for lunch as compensation for keeping me waiting.
UNIT 20 enforceable / ɪ n ˈ fo ɚ s ə b ə l/ - to make (a law, rule, etc.) active or effective : to make sure that people do what is required by (a law, rule, etc.) - provediv This is not an enforceable contract. liabilities / ˌ laj ə ˈ b ɪ l ə tis/ - something (such as the payment of money) for which a person or business is legally responsible – dugovi, (neizvršene) obaveze, pasiva a tax liability [=taxes that will have to be paid] business assets and liabilities [=debts] remedy / ˈ r ɛ m ə di/ - a way of solving or correcting a problem – prevni lijek, sredstvo za popravljanje Building more roads isn't always the best remedy for traffic congestion. You may have no legal remedy [=way of finding a solution using the law] in this dispute. The problem was beyond remedy. She was left without remedy since the court did not recognize her claim.
UNIT 20 sue / ˈ su:/ - to use a legal process by which you try to get a court of law to force a person, company, or organization that has treated you unfairly or hurt you in some way to give you something or to do something : to bring a lawsuit against someone or something – tužiti, parničiti se They're suing for damages. [=suing to get money for the unfair treatment, damage, etc., that they have suffered] They're suing the company for damages. default /d ɪˈ f ɑ :lt/ - to fail to do something that legally must be done ; especially : to fail to make the payments you must make on a loan, mortgage, etc. – ne izvršiti dužnost / obavezu He defaulted on his loan (payments). If the borrower defaults, the bank can take the house. sound, adj. - complete or thorough – dobro, iscrpno She has a sound understanding of the system's structure. The stock market has made a sound recovery. They gave us a sound beating in yesterday's game. [=they beat/defeated us easily by a large amount]
UNIT 20 call in - to ask for the help or services of (someone) – pozvati u pomoć, pozvati radi savjetovanja They may have to call in a mediator to settle the strike. Rescue workers have been called in to help search for survivors. deal with - to be about (something), to have (something) as a subject The book deals with World War II. Her speech dealt with health care and the nation's economy. The film deals with some serious issues.