3What are Mutual Funds?Mutual funds are a type of investment that takes money from many investors and uses it to make investments based on a stated investment objective.Each shareholder in the mutual fund participates proportionally (based upon the number of shares owned) in the gain or loss of the fund.
4Why do People Invest in Mutual Funds? Mutual funds offer investors an affordable way to diversify their investment portfolios.Mutual funds allow investors the opportunity to have a financial stake in many different types of investments.These investments include: stocks, bonds, money markets, real estate, commodities, etc…Individually, an investor may be able to own stock in a few companies, a few bonds, and have money in a money market account. Participation in a mutual fund, however, allows the investor to have much greater exposure to each of these asset classes.
5ContinuedMost mutual funds are professionally managed by an investment expert known as a portfolio manager.This individual makes all of the buying and selling decisions for the fund.There are thousands of different mutual funds in the United States.This provides investors with many options to help them achieve their investment objectives.
7Basic Mutual Fund Categories Mutual Funds can be divided into four basic categories based upon the funds investment objective.These categories are:Money Market Mutual FundsStock Mutual FundsBond Mutual FundsBalanced Mutual Funds
9Money Market Mutual Funds This is the most conservative type of mutual fund.The goal is to maintain the $1 value of its shares while providing income.Invests in high-quality, short-term securities such as certificates of deposit, U.S. Treasury Bills, and U.S. Treasury Notes.MMMF’s are an appropriate place for savings.These funds have typically offered higher interest rates than bank savings accounts.Money market mutual funds are not insured by the FDIC.
10Stock Mutual Funds Type of fund that invests in stocks. These funds are also known as equity funds.There are many different types of stock mutual funds.Some of the most common include:Large-cap funds, mid-cap funds, small-cap funds, income funds, growth funds, value funds, blend funds, international funds, and sector funds.We will take a closer look at each of these different types of stock mutual funds.
11Large-Cap Stock FundsThese mutual funds invest in companies with market capitalizations in excess of 10 billion dollars.Most stocks held in a large-cap fund are from firms with established and profitable businesses.Large-cap stock funds are less volatile and considered safer than mid-cap and small-cap stock funds.Large-cap stock funds do not offer as much growth potential as mid-cap and small-cap stock funds.
12Mid-Cap Stock FundsThese mutual funds invest in companies with market capitalizations between 2 and 10 billion dollars.Most stocks held in a mid-cap fund are from firms with established businesses that are still expanding and growing.These funds tend to offer more growth than large-cap stocks and less volatility than small-cap stocks.
13Small-Cap Stock FundsThese mutual funds invest in companies with market capitalizations between 300 million and 2 billion dollars.Most stocks held in a small-cap fund are from firms with innovative businesses that are still growing and developing.These funds tend to offer more growth potential than large-cap and mid-cap funds.However, small-cap stock funds are much more volatile.
14Good News!It is time for us to begin watching a Nightly Business Report Video on Mutual Funds!With a question sheet of course!
15Income Stock Funds These are also known as equity income funds. These funds include stocks of companies with a long history of paying dividends.The major objective of an income stock fund is to provide steady income to investors.
16Growth Stock FundsThese funds invest in stocks with the potential for long-term growth.This means that there is the potential that these stocks will increase significantly in value.The stocks of companies that are experiencing growth in earnings and revenue are the types of stocks found in growth stock mutual funds.
17Value Stock FundsThese funds invest in companies that are thought to be good bargains.These funds invest in stocks that have fallen out of favor with mainstream investors for one reason or another.Value stocks are often the stocks of established companies that have stopped growing and that use their earnings to pay dividends.Value funds produce current income (from the dividends) as well as the potential for long-term growth (from capital appreciation once the stocks become popular again).
18Blend Stock FundsThese funds invest in the stocks of companies that are classified as “growth” stocks and “value” stocks.The growth stocks are designed to provide long-term appreciation in value.The value stocks are designed to provide dividend income and future growth.
19International Stock Funds These funds include the stocks of foreign companies that are sold in securities markets throughout the world.International funds may invest in stocks from throughout the world or from a particular nation or region.Potentially, these funds can provide a tremendous amount of growth, however, they are also considered to be riskier than other types of stock funds.
20Sector Stock FundsType of fund that invests in a single sector of the economy or industry, such as biomedical research, real estate or precious metals.Sector funds often generate erratic performance and usually are either at the top or the bottom of the mutual fund performance rankings.
21Index FundsThese are mutual funds whose holdings aim to track the performance of a specific stock market index.The most common index fund tracks the S&P 500. These index funds invest in the exact stocks (and in the same percentages) as those found in the S&P 500.Index funds have lower costs than actively managed funds.
22Bond Mutual Funds Type of mutual fund that invests in bonds. There are different types of bond mutual funds.Typically, bond mutual funds have the objective of providing stable income with minimal risk.
23Types of Bond Mutual Funds We are going to talk about the following types of bond mutual funds:Short, Intermediate, and Long-Term U.S. Bond FundsShort, Intermediate, and Long-Term Corporate Bond FundsMunicipal Bond FundsHigh-Yield (junk) Bond Funds
24U.S. Bond Mutual FundsShort-Term- invests in T-Bills and T-Notes that have maturities of less than five yearsIntermediate- invests in government securities that have maturities between five and ten yearsLong-Term- invests in government securities that have maturities longer than ten years
25Corporate Bond Mutual Funds Corporate bond mutual funds are also classified by the maturity dates of the bonds held by the fund. They are divided into short-term, intermediate, and long-term.The same maturity rules apply for corporate bond mutual funds as with U.S. bond mutual funds.
26Municipal Bond Mutual Funds These mutual funds invest in municipal bonds and provide investors with tax-free interest income.There are also insured municipal bond mutual funds. An outside insurance company protects investors from a possible default by the municipality.
27High Yield (Junk) Bond Mutual Funds These mutual funds invest in high yield, high risk corporate bonds.These are the riskiest type of bond mutual fund. However, these are also the most potentially rewarding type of bond mutual fund.
28Balanced Mutual Funds These are also known as hybrid funds. These mutual funds invest in stocks, bonds, and money markets.These are very diversified mutual funds. The stock portion of the fund provides the potential for capital appreciation, while the bond and money market portion provide income.
29The Mutual Fund Prospectus This is a legal document which describes the investment objective of the fund, the manner in which the fund is administered and operated, the fees and other pertinent information.The prospectus should be read thoroughly before making an investment decision.
30Load v. No Load Mutual Funds A mutual fund that charges a commission to cover its administrative costs is called a load fund.A front-end load charges the load when the shares are purchased, while a back-end load charges the load when the shares are sold.A no-load mutual fund doesn’t charge a purchase or sales commission.
31Major Mutual Fund Companies Vanguard, Fidelity, and T. Rowe Price are three of the world’s major mutual fund companies.