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-Dr. Kumar Gautam Anand. a & an- indefinite articles The- definite article a, an & the – are adjectives by virtue of their being used before nouns They.

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Presentation on theme: "-Dr. Kumar Gautam Anand. a & an- indefinite articles The- definite article a, an & the – are adjectives by virtue of their being used before nouns They."— Presentation transcript:

1 -Dr. Kumar Gautam Anand

2 a & an- indefinite articles The- definite article a, an & the – are adjectives by virtue of their being used before nouns They are also called determiners(adjectives).

3 a and an areused before a singular countable noun- a horse, an umbrella a is used before a noun beginning with a consonant sound (not consonant letters) a book, a hen, a year, a hotel, a one rupee-note, a union, a European, a U shpapped figure, a university. an is used before words beginning with a vowel sound (not vowel) eg. An apple, an egg, an inkpot, an ox, an umbrella, an M.P., an hour,

4 The is called definite article because it is used with definite nouns. Its function is the same as that of this or that. Like this or that, it makes a definite noun. It is used before a noun when it is used for the second time. There I saw a man and a woman standing under a tree, the man was old and the woman was young. Perhaps they were father and daughter.

5 Use of the Before nouns which have no second of their kind- eg.- the sun, the sky, the earth, the sea Before nouns which have a qualifying clause or phrase after them: The boy who came late was punished. The dog with white spots is mine. Before the adjectives of superlative degree: He is the best player of our team.

6 Before singular nouns representing their class: The dog is a faithful animal. Before the names of rivers, seas, range of mountains, groups of islands, and plural names of countries: The Ganga, the Red Sea, the Himalayas, the United States of America Before news papers and some books: The Hindustan Times and the Ramayan, the Bible Some places like school, church do not take the before them when they are visited for their primary purpose. Eg. I am going to school.(to read)- I am going to the school to see the class teacher of my son.

7 Test- He will join an university. We met an European there. It is a incomplete answer. It is an unique story. He is a M.P., his wife is an M.L.A. ___ X-ray machine ____ Everest. ____ Himalyas ____ Old Man and ___ Sea.


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