Presentation on theme: "THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE Use an before vowels: an (but not when ‘u’ or ‘e’ produces a ‘y’ sound: a useful tool, a European student, a university). When ‘h’ is silent, use an: an hour, an honest man, etc.A or an is used:with singular countable nouns mentioned for the first time:A blue car came round the corner.A strange man with a black beard walked through the door.to express rates:He drove at 50 kilometres an hour.She earns $100,000 a year.The indefinite article is not used with uncountable nouns or plural countable nouns:More women go to university in Spain than man.Knowledge makes people powerful.
2 THE DEFINITE ARTICLE The is used: with things we have mentioned before or it’s clear who or what we are referring to from the context:I’ve got a new teacher. The teacher is from California.Could you go to the bank for me, please? (i.e. the bank we always use)with things which are unique:the internet, the moon, the sunwith adjectives to express groups:In this country, the rich are growing richer and the poor are growing poorer.with nationalities:the French, the Spanish, the Italians(Note: Nationality adjectives ending in –sh, -ch, -ese, and –ss have a singular form but are plural in meaning: the English drink a lot of tea, the Chinese are very hard-working. Other nationality adjectives have a plural form and a plural meaning: I think the Brazilians are going to win the World Cup again.)
3 with superlatives:the best, the longest, etc.with the first, the second, the third used as adjectives:Manolo won the first prize and Igor won the second.with names of countries which include these words: republic, kingdom, united, union, emirates:The United States of America, The Czech Republic, The United Kingdom, etc.with names of rivers, mountain ranges, seas and oceans:the Nile, the Alps, the Mediterranean, the Pacific
4 ZERO ARTICLES (OMISSION OF ARTICLES) Do not use articles:with proper, abstract, and material nouns:London, honesty, love, icewhen talking in general and in plural:Teachers are not paid enough.I can’t imagine offices without computers.with the names of days, holidays, seasons, monthsWhat do you do on Sundays?The exam is in June.
5 with the names of games and sports: He plays basketball. with the names of meals when talking in general:Breakfast is the most important meal for me.BUT if we think of a food or specific meal, ‘the’ is used: The breakfast is ready.with many common expressions:in/to bed, to church, at home, in/to hospital, in/to prison, at/to school, at/to university, at/to workHe’s in bed.I’m at university.What time do you go to work?She’s been taken to hospital.