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WATER WORKS FROM FOUR THOUSAND YEARS IN TURKEY Ünal Öziş Professor Emeritus, Ph.D. Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey

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HITTITE PERIOD (II.millenium BC) Karakuyu dam in Uzunyayla, H= 8 m Gölpınar dam near Alacahöyük, L= 110 m Hattuşaş springs

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Keşiş dam near Van h= 7 m Şamram canal near Van L= 56 km URARTU PERIOD (8.-7.cent.BC) Şamram canal supporting walls

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HELLENISTIC-ROMAN-BYZANTINE PERIODS (I.Millenium BC- I.Millenium AD) Bozdoğan L=970 m Pergamon creek h = 7.5 m; w= 9.0 m; L= 200 m Çevlik tunnel (1.-2.cent.AD) h & w = 6-7 m

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SELJUKIDE PERIOD (11.-14.cent.AD) Water-mill canal through Haburman bridge at Çermik Faruk dam near Van h= 12 m

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OTTOMAN PERIOD (14. – early 20.cent.) Beyşehir (1908) Mağlova (1560’s) H=35 m Topuzlu (1750, 1786) H= 16 m

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Çubuk I, 1936, h= 58 m Karakaya, 1987, h= 172 m Atatürk, 1992, N=2400 MW Şanlıurfa D=7,6 m L=26 km REPUBLIC of TURKEY (1923 >> )

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For more information: attend the side-event “Water bridging civilizations of four millenia in Turkey” at 11:00 - 13:00 hours on Thursday 19.03.2009; attend the sessions of the Topic 6.5 on Friday – Saturday 20-21.03.2009.

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Cover of the manuscript available at the side-event

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