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PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook The University of West Alabama Eighth Edition © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook The University of West Alabama Eighth Edition © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook The University of West Alabama Eighth Edition © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning All rights reserved. Targeting CHAPTER 4 INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS IN ADVERTISING AND PROMOTION

2 1.Appreciate the importance of targeting marketing communications to specific consumer groups and realize that the targeting decision is the initial and most fundamental of all marcom decisions. 2.Understand the role of behaviorgraphics in targeting consumer groups. 3.Describe the nature of psychographic targeting. 4.Appreciate major demographic developments such as changes in the age structure of the population and ethnic population growth. 1.Appreciate the importance of targeting marketing communications to specific consumer groups and realize that the targeting decision is the initial and most fundamental of all marcom decisions. 2.Understand the role of behaviorgraphics in targeting consumer groups. 3.Describe the nature of psychographic targeting. 4.Appreciate major demographic developments such as changes in the age structure of the population and ethnic population growth. Chapter Objectives After reading this chapter you should be able to: © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–2

3 5.Explain the meaning of geodemographics and understand the role for this form of targeting. 6.Recognize that any single characteristic of consumerswhether their age, ethnicity, or income levellikely is not solely sufficient for sophisticated marcom targeting. 5.Explain the meaning of geodemographics and understand the role for this form of targeting. 6.Recognize that any single characteristic of consumerswhether their age, ethnicity, or income levellikely is not solely sufficient for sophisticated marcom targeting. Chapter Objectives (contd) After reading this chapter you should be able to: © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–3

4 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–4 Targeting Targeting Specific AudiencesTargeting Specific Audiences Is considered the starting point for marcom decisions Is considered the starting point for marcom decisions Allows for precise delivery of marketing communications to targeted markets Allows for precise delivery of marketing communications to targeted markets Prevents wasted coverage to people falling outside the targeted market Prevents wasted coverage to people falling outside the targeted market Choosing a Targeting MethodChoosing a Targeting Method How difficult to obtain data about the characteristic to be use in targeting consumers How difficult to obtain data about the characteristic to be use in targeting consumers How predictive is the characteristic of consumer choice behavior How predictive is the characteristic of consumer choice behavior

5 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–5 Targeting Specific Audiences Behaviorgraphics Demographics Psychographics Geodemographics Measureable Consumer Characteristics

6 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–6 Classification of Four General Targeting Characteristics Figure 4.1

7 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–7 Behaviorgraphic Targeting BehaviorgraphicsBehaviorgraphics Describe how people behave with respect to a particular product category or class of related products Describe how people behave with respect to a particular product category or class of related products Assume that the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior Assume that the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior Online Behavioral TargetingOnline Behavioral Targeting Tracks the online site-selection behavior of users so as to enable advertisers to serve targeted ads Tracks the online site-selection behavior of users so as to enable advertisers to serve targeted ads Privacy ConcernsPrivacy Concerns Technological advances increase the ability to serve consumers at the risk of invading their privacy Technological advances increase the ability to serve consumers at the risk of invading their privacy

8 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–8 Psychographic Targeting PsychographicsPsychographics Describe aspects of consumers psychological make- ups and lifestyles as they relate to buying behavior in a particular product category Describe aspects of consumers psychological make- ups and lifestyles as they relate to buying behavior in a particular product category Attitudes Attitudes Values Values Motivations Motivations

9 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–9 Types of Psychographic Profiles Customized Psychographic ProfilesCustomized Psychographic Profiles Are typically customized to the clients specific product category Are typically customized to the clients specific product category Contain questionnaire items related to the unique characteristics of the product category Contain questionnaire items related to the unique characteristics of the product category General Purpose Psychographic ProfilesGeneral Purpose Psychographic Profiles Can be purchased as off-the-shelf psychographic data from services that develop psychographic profiles of people independently of any particular product or service Can be purchased as off-the-shelf psychographic data from services that develop psychographic profiles of people independently of any particular product or service

10 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–10 Illustrative Statements Used In a Customized Banking- Related Psychographic Study Table 4.1

11 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–11 Psychographic Study of Consumers Banking Practices Worried Traditionalists Bank Loyalists Secured Investors Thrifty Bankers Psychographic Segments of Banking Behaviors

12 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–12 Yankelovich MindBase Segments Table 4.2

13 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–13 Yankelovich MindBase Segments (contd) Table 4.2

14 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–14 The 8 VALS Segments Figure 4.2

15 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–15 VALS Psychographic Segments Innovators Successful, sophisticated, take-charge, with high self- esteem Thinkers Mature, satisfied, comfortable, and reflective; valuing order, knowledge, and responsibility and motivated by ideals Believers Conservative, conventional with concrete beliefs based on traditional, established codes: family, religion, community, and the nation; motivated by ideals Achievers Motivated by the desire for achievement; have goal-oriented lifestyles and a deep commitment to career and family

16 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–16 VALS Psychographic Segments Strivers Trendy and fun loving. Motivated by achievement out of concern about the opinions and approval of others Experiencers Motivated by self-expression; are young, enthusiastic, and impulsive consumers; quickly become enthusiastic about new possibilities but are equally quick to cool. Makers Motivated by self-expression; express themselves and experience the world by working on it and have enough skill and energy to carry out their projects successfully Survivors Live narrowly focused lives; with few resources with which to cope, often believe that the world is changing too quickly; are comfortable with the familiar and are primarily concerned with safety and security

17 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–17 Geodemographic Targeting GeodemographicsGeodemographics Consumers who reside within geographic clusters such as zip codes or neighborhoods also share demographic and lifestyle similarities Consumers who reside within geographic clusters such as zip codes or neighborhoods also share demographic and lifestyle similarities Typical Clusters (PRIZM NE)Typical Clusters (PRIZM NE) Bohemian Mix Bohemian Mix White Picket Fences White Picket Fences Suburban Pioneers Suburban Pioneers

18 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–18 Demographic Targeting Age structure of the population Change in household composition Ethnic population developments Major Demographic Aspects

19 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–19 Demographic Trends World Population GrowthWorld Population Growth 6.67 billion (2009) to 8 billion (2025) to 9 billion (2050) 6.67 billion (2009) to 8 billion (2025) to 9 billion (2050) Changing Age Structure in United StatesChanging Age Structure in United States Median age will increase to 38 by 2025 Median age will increase to 38 by 2025 More middle-aged Baby Boomers More middle-aged Baby Boomers Fewer children, teenagers, and young adults due to decreased birthrates Fewer children, teenagers, and young adults due to decreased birthrates

20 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–20 Worlds 25 Largest Countries as of 2007 Table 4.3

21 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–21 Largest Ancestral Groups of U.S. Residents Table 4.4

22 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–22 Population of the United States by Age Group, as of 2006 Table 4.5

23 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–23 Demographic Segments by Age Group Preschoolers (5 years or younger)Preschoolers (5 years or younger) Elementary-school-age children (6-11 years)Elementary-school-age children (6-11 years) Tweens (8-12 years)Tweens (8-12 years) Teenagers (13-19 years)Teenagers (13-19 years) Millennial Generation or Generation Y Millennial Generation or Generation Y Highly conformist, narcissistic, and fickle consumers Highly conformist, narcissistic, and fickle consumers Young adults (20-34 years)Young adults (20-34 years) Generation X (Baby Busters) Generation X (Baby Busters) Yup & Comers, Bystanders, Playboys, and Drifters Yup & Comers, Bystanders, Playboys, and Drifters

24 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–24 An Appeal to Preschoolers Parents Figure 4.3

25 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–25 An Appeal to Teenagers Figure 4.4

26 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–26 Demographic Segments: Age Middle-Aged (35-54 years)Middle-Aged (35-54 years) Younger baby boomers and older Gen Xers Younger baby boomers and older Gen Xers Target category for luxury goods and youth Target category for luxury goods and youth Mature Consumers (55 years or older)Mature Consumers (55 years or older) Are 23% of the total U.S. population Are 23% of the total U.S. population Have highest discretionary income and most assets Have highest discretionary income and most assets Census Bureau classification: Olders (55 to 64); Elders (65 to 74); and the Very Old (75 and over) Census Bureau classification: Olders (55 to 64); Elders (65 to 74); and the Very Old (75 and over) Descriptive groups: Healthy Hermits, Ailing Outgoers, Frail Recluses, and Healthy Indulgers Descriptive groups: Healthy Hermits, Ailing Outgoers, Frail Recluses, and Healthy Indulgers

27 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–27 An Appeal to Female Baby Boomers Figure 4.5

28 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–28 The Ever-Changing American Household Household DefinedHousehold Defined An independent housing entity, either rental property or owned property. An independent housing entity, either rental property or owned property. U.S. HouseholdsU.S. Households Growing in number, shrinking in size, and changing in character Growing in number, shrinking in size, and changing in character Married couples with children families now represent less than one-third of all households Married couples with children families now represent less than one-third of all households Single person and unrelated persons households are a growing market Single person and unrelated persons households are a growing market

29 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–29 Ethnic Population Developments Changes in the U.S. Melting PotChanges in the U.S. Melting Pot More diversity in the overall population More diversity in the overall population Growth in all ethnic groups Growth in all ethnic groups Implication for MarketersImplication for Marketers Need to devise marcom strategies to meet ethnic groups unique wants/needs Need to devise marcom strategies to meet ethnic groups unique wants/needs

30 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–30 Ethnic Groups Population Representation in the United States, 2000–2050 (in millions) Table 4.6

31 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–31 Ethnic Population Developments African AmericansAfrican Americans Are of an average age that is considerably younger than that for whites Are of an average age that is considerably younger than that for whites Are geographically concentrated, with three-fourths of all blacks living in 16 states Are geographically concentrated, with three-fourths of all blacks living in 16 states Tend to purchase prestige and name-brand products in greater proportion than do whites Tend to purchase prestige and name-brand products in greater proportion than do whites Have spending power that totals nearly 800 billion annually Have spending power that totals nearly 800 billion annually

32 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–32 African-American Models Appeal to African American Consumers Figure 4.6

33 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–33 Ethnic Population Developments (contd) Hispanic Americans (Latinos)Hispanic Americans (Latinos) Are the largest U.S. minority population segment Are the largest U.S. minority population segment Are not a single unified market Are not a single unified market Are underserved by current marketing efforts Are underserved by current marketing efforts Are responsive to advertising in their dominant language Are responsive to advertising in their dominant language

34 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–34 Top 10 U.S. Hispanic Markets (estimates as of 2006) Table 4.7

35 © 2010 South-Western, a part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.4–35 Ethnic Population Developments (contd) Asian-AmericansAsian-Americans Represent many nationalities Represent many nationalities Are the newest hot ethnic market Are the newest hot ethnic market Are better educated Are better educated Have higher incomes Have higher incomes Occupy more prestigious jobs Occupy more prestigious jobs Speak a variety of languages Speak a variety of languages Are heavy users of the Internet Are heavy users of the Internet Respond to marketing programs that reflect their values and lifestyles Respond to marketing programs that reflect their values and lifestyles


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