2An increase in waterborne diseases could possibly be alleviated by A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populationsB. Very rapid growth of large citiesC. Sufficient fuelwoodD. Both a & b
3A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations
4Which factor contributed most to the exponential growth of the human population? A. Higher fertility ratesB. More food, better hygieneC. Increased immigrationD. Higher birth rates
8Growth rates for different parts of the world vary depending on the level of development of the region. Which region is experiencing the biggest increase in population?A. North AmericaB. AsiaC. EuropeD. Australia
14Between 1880 and 1930 human population doubled due to A. The Industrial RevolutionB. A combination of high birth rates and low death ratesC. Improvements in societal infrastructure and servicesD. All of the above
20Which of the following is true of human demographic trends? A. In preindustrial societies, birth rates are low and the population grows rapidlyB. Death rates rise in the third stage of the demographic transitionC. When the average number of children born to each woman falls, the total population always increasesD. When birth rates and death rates are both high, t the populations grows slowly, if at all.
21D. When birth rates and death. rates are both high, t. the D. When birth rates and death rates are both high, t the populations grows slowly, if at all.
22Educating women worldwide has lowered birthrates partly because A. Educated women contribute less to their family income.B. Educated women need to bear many children to ensure that some will survive.C. Educated women may learn family- planning techniquesD. All of the above
23C. Educated women may learn family- planning techniques
24Scientists predict population sizes by using A. Survivorship, migration, life expectancy, and replacement structureB. Age structure, fertility rate, and migrationC. Replacement rate, fertility rate, age rates, and survivorshipD. Age structure, survivorship, fertility rate, and migration
25D. Age structure, survivorship, fertility rate, and migration
26Which of the following is a reason that wood is considered a limited resource in many developing countries?A. Wood is used in place of money to buy foodB. Excess wood is used to construct shantytownsC. Fuelwood allows people to purify their water by boiling itD. People cut down trees faster than they can grow
27D. People cut down trees faster than they can grow
28An increase in population could result from increased birth rate, increased ____, or immigration.
34Countries that have entered the third stage of demographic transition are most probably characterized byA. Social conditions that favor smaller familiesB. Weak or developing economiesC. Populations with a high proportion of young peopleD. Death rates that far exceed birth rates
35A. Social conditions that favor smaller families
36A. Immigration B. Industrialization C. Life expectancy Which of the following is not described by the model of demographic transition?A. ImmigrationB. IndustrializationC. Life expectancyD. Education of women
38Because birth rates have begun to fall, Earth’s population will A. Increase for a short time and then decrease to current levelsB. Soon stabilize at the level it is today- about 6 billionC. Stabilize somewhere around 9 billion by 2050D. Begin to decrease until it reaches 5 billion
40Which of the following makes it difficulty to reduce population growth? A. High literacy rates result in women wanting to have more children.B. Many people have low literacy and limited access to health care.C. Population sizes will not decline until some people start having to do without food and other necessities of lifeD. Many people live in cities, where large families are an advantage.
41B. Many people have low literacy and limited access to health care.
42During Stage 2 of a population’s demographic transition, the death rate A. Remains the sameB. Is zeroC. IncreasesD. decreases
44World population growth will eventually stop when A. The population reaches 9 billionB. Most countries have replacement-level fertility ratesC. Most countries have higher death ratesD. The worldwide infant mortality rate increases
45B. Most countries have replacement-level fertility rates
46Which of the following is not a strategy that could slow population growth? A. Economic incentivesB. Limiting education for womenC. Legal punishmentsD. Public advertising
48A. Ice Ages B. Stone Ages C. Bronze and Iron Ages D. Modern Age Human population growth was most rapid during which period of human history?A. Ice AgesB. Stone AgesC. Bronze and Iron AgesD. Modern Age
54A population pyramid is created by A. Graphing the distribution of ages in a population at a specific timeB. Studying a group of people and noting when each member diesC. Calculating the number of children a woman gives birth to in her lifetimeD. Estimating the demand for services within a community
55A. Graphing the distribution. of ages in a population at A. Graphing the distribution of ages in a population at a specific time
56Countries with high growth rates usually have an age structure that has A. More older people than young peopleB. An even distribution over all agesC. More middle-aged people than younger peopleD. More younger people than older people
58Less-developed countries suffer more from rapid population growth because they are the less likely to have the __ to support the population.A. InfrastructureB. Fertility ratesC. Cultural valuesD. Family-planning methods