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REVIEW CHAPTER 9. An increase in waterborne diseases could possibly be alleviated by A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations B.

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Presentation on theme: "REVIEW CHAPTER 9. An increase in waterborne diseases could possibly be alleviated by A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations B."— Presentation transcript:

1 REVIEW CHAPTER 9

2 An increase in waterborne diseases could possibly be alleviated by A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations B. Very rapid growth of large cities C. Sufficient fuelwood D. Both a & b

3 A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations

4 Which factor contributed most to the exponential growth of the human population? A. Higher fertility rates B. More food, better hygiene C. Increased immigration D. Higher birth rates

5 B. More food, better hygiene

6 The ____ is the average number of children each parent must have in order to replace themselves in the population.

7 Replacement level

8 Growth rates for different parts of the world vary depending on the level of development of the region. Which region is experiencing the biggest increase in population? A. North America B. Asia C. Europe D. Australia

9 B. Asia

10 Populations are growing more rapidly in A. Italy B. Canada C. Japan D. Peru

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12 A ___ helps demographers predict which age groups will experience the most growth.

13 Population pyramid

14 Between 1880 and 1930 human population doubled due to A. The Industrial Revolution B. A combination of high birth rates and low death rates C. Improvements in societal infrastructure and services D. All of the above

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16 A shortage of ____ can decrease the food supply available to a growing population.

17 Arable land

18 The United Nations has designated ___ countries to be given priority for foreign aid

19 Least-developed

20 Which of the following is true of human demographic trends? A. In preindustrial societies, birth rates are low and the population grows rapidly B. Death rates rise in the third stage of the demographic transition C. When the average number of children born to each woman falls, the total population always increases D. When birth rates and death rates are both high, t the populations grows slowly, if at all.

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22 Educating women worldwide has lowered birthrates partly because A. Educated women contribute less to their family income. B. Educated women need to bear many children to ensure that some will survive. C. Educated women may learn family- planning techniques D. All of the above

23 C. Educated women may learn family-planning techniques

24 Scientists predict population sizes by using A. Survivorship, migration, life expectancy, and replacement structure B. Age structure, fertility rate, and migration C. Replacement rate, fertility rate, age rates, and survivorship D. Age structure, survivorship, fertility rate, and migration

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26 Which of the following is a reason that wood is considered a limited resource in many developing countries? A. Wood is used in place of money to buy food B. Excess wood is used to construct shantytowns C. Fuelwood allows people to purify their water by boiling it D. People cut down trees faster than they can grow

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28 An increase in population could result from increased birth rate, increased ____, or immigration.

29 Life expectancy

30 During the ___ stage of demographic transition, the birth rate drops and the size of the population begins to decrease.

31 Fourth (last)

32 One way to stabilize the world population is to reduce ____ by improving womens status and educational opportunities.

33 Fertility rates

34 Countries that have entered the third stage of demographic transition are most probably characterized by A. Social conditions that favor smaller families B. Weak or developing economies C. Populations with a high proportion of young people D. Death rates that far exceed birth rates

35 A. Social conditions that favor smaller families

36 Which of the following is not described by the model of demographic transition? A. Immigration B. Industrialization C. Life expectancy D. Education of women

37 A. Immigration

38 Because birth rates have begun to fall, Earths population will A. Increase for a short time and then decrease to current levels B. Soon stabilize at the level it is today- about 6 billion C. Stabilize somewhere around 9 billion by 2050 D. Begin to decrease until it reaches 5 billion

39 C. Stabilize somewhere around 9 billion by 2050

40 Which of the following makes it difficulty to reduce population growth? A. High literacy rates result in women wanting to have more children. B. Many people have low literacy and limited access to health care. C. Population sizes will not decline until some people start having to do without food and other necessities of life D. Many people live in cities, where large families are an advantage.

41 B. Many people have low literacy and limited access to health care.

42 During Stage 2 of a populations demographic transition, the death rate A. Remains the same B. Is zero C. Increases D. decreases

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44 World population growth will eventually stop when A. The population reaches 9 billion B. Most countries have replacement-level fertility rates C. Most countries have higher death rates D. The worldwide infant mortality rate increases

45 B. Most countries have replacement-level fertility rates

46 Which of the following is not a strategy that could slow population growth? A. Economic incentives B. Limiting education for women C. Legal punishments D. Public advertising

47 B. Limiting education for women

48 Human population growth was most rapid during which period of human history? A. Ice Ages B. Stone Ages C. Bronze and Iron Ages D. Modern Age

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50 Professionals who study and make predictions about human populations are called A. Geologists D. Populists C. Demographers D. Stenographers

51 C. Demographers

52 Which of the following would not cause population to decrease in a region? A. Increased emigration B. Increased immigration C. Decreased survivorship D. Decreased fertility rates

53 B. Increased immigration

54 A population pyramid is created by A. Graphing the distribution of ages in a population at a specific time B. Studying a group of people and noting when each member dies C. Calculating the number of children a woman gives birth to in her lifetime D. Estimating the demand for services within a community

55 A. Graphing the distribution of ages in a population at a specific time

56 Countries with high growth rates usually have an age structure that has A. More older people than young people B. An even distribution over all ages C. More middle-aged people than younger people D. More younger people than older people

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58 Less-developed countries suffer more from rapid population growth because they are the less likely to have the __ to support the population. A. Infrastructure B. Fertility rates C. Cultural values D. Family-planning methods

59 A. Infrastructure

60 The study of human population patterns is called_______

61 Demography

62 GOOD LUCK ON YOUR TEST!


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