Presentation on theme: "REVIEW CHAPTER 9. An increase in waterborne diseases could possibly be alleviated by A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations B."— Presentation transcript:
REVIEW CHAPTER 9
An increase in waterborne diseases could possibly be alleviated by A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations B. Very rapid growth of large cities C. Sufficient fuelwood D. Both a & b
A. Adequate sewage treatment facilities for growing populations
Which factor contributed most to the exponential growth of the human population? A. Higher fertility rates B. More food, better hygiene C. Increased immigration D. Higher birth rates
B. More food, better hygiene
The ____ is the average number of children each parent must have in order to replace themselves in the population.
Growth rates for different parts of the world vary depending on the level of development of the region. Which region is experiencing the biggest increase in population? A. North America B. Asia C. Europe D. Australia
Populations are growing more rapidly in A. Italy B. Canada C. Japan D. Peru
A ___ helps demographers predict which age groups will experience the most growth.
Between 1880 and 1930 human population doubled due to A. The Industrial Revolution B. A combination of high birth rates and low death rates C. Improvements in societal infrastructure and services D. All of the above
A shortage of ____ can decrease the food supply available to a growing population.
The United Nations has designated ___ countries to be given priority for foreign aid
Which of the following is true of human demographic trends? A. In preindustrial societies, birth rates are low and the population grows rapidly B. Death rates rise in the third stage of the demographic transition C. When the average number of children born to each woman falls, the total population always increases D. When birth rates and death rates are both high, t the populations grows slowly, if at all.
Educating women worldwide has lowered birthrates partly because A. Educated women contribute less to their family income. B. Educated women need to bear many children to ensure that some will survive. C. Educated women may learn family- planning techniques D. All of the above
C. Educated women may learn family-planning techniques
Scientists predict population sizes by using A. Survivorship, migration, life expectancy, and replacement structure B. Age structure, fertility rate, and migration C. Replacement rate, fertility rate, age rates, and survivorship D. Age structure, survivorship, fertility rate, and migration
Which of the following is a reason that wood is considered a limited resource in many developing countries? A. Wood is used in place of money to buy food B. Excess wood is used to construct shantytowns C. Fuelwood allows people to purify their water by boiling it D. People cut down trees faster than they can grow
An increase in population could result from increased birth rate, increased ____, or immigration.
During the ___ stage of demographic transition, the birth rate drops and the size of the population begins to decrease.
One way to stabilize the world population is to reduce ____ by improving womens status and educational opportunities.
Countries that have entered the third stage of demographic transition are most probably characterized by A. Social conditions that favor smaller families B. Weak or developing economies C. Populations with a high proportion of young people D. Death rates that far exceed birth rates
A. Social conditions that favor smaller families
Which of the following is not described by the model of demographic transition? A. Immigration B. Industrialization C. Life expectancy D. Education of women
Because birth rates have begun to fall, Earths population will A. Increase for a short time and then decrease to current levels B. Soon stabilize at the level it is today- about 6 billion C. Stabilize somewhere around 9 billion by 2050 D. Begin to decrease until it reaches 5 billion
C. Stabilize somewhere around 9 billion by 2050
Which of the following makes it difficulty to reduce population growth? A. High literacy rates result in women wanting to have more children. B. Many people have low literacy and limited access to health care. C. Population sizes will not decline until some people start having to do without food and other necessities of life D. Many people live in cities, where large families are an advantage.
B. Many people have low literacy and limited access to health care.
During Stage 2 of a populations demographic transition, the death rate A. Remains the same B. Is zero C. Increases D. decreases
World population growth will eventually stop when A. The population reaches 9 billion B. Most countries have replacement-level fertility rates C. Most countries have higher death rates D. The worldwide infant mortality rate increases
B. Most countries have replacement-level fertility rates
Which of the following is not a strategy that could slow population growth? A. Economic incentives B. Limiting education for women C. Legal punishments D. Public advertising
B. Limiting education for women
Human population growth was most rapid during which period of human history? A. Ice Ages B. Stone Ages C. Bronze and Iron Ages D. Modern Age
Professionals who study and make predictions about human populations are called A. Geologists D. Populists C. Demographers D. Stenographers
Which of the following would not cause population to decrease in a region? A. Increased emigration B. Increased immigration C. Decreased survivorship D. Decreased fertility rates
B. Increased immigration
A population pyramid is created by A. Graphing the distribution of ages in a population at a specific time B. Studying a group of people and noting when each member dies C. Calculating the number of children a woman gives birth to in her lifetime D. Estimating the demand for services within a community
A. Graphing the distribution of ages in a population at a specific time
Countries with high growth rates usually have an age structure that has A. More older people than young people B. An even distribution over all ages C. More middle-aged people than younger people D. More younger people than older people
Less-developed countries suffer more from rapid population growth because they are the less likely to have the __ to support the population. A. Infrastructure B. Fertility rates C. Cultural values D. Family-planning methods
The study of human population patterns is called_______