4Registers of Language Frozen Formal Consultative Casual Intimate Language is always the same (Lord’s Prayer)FormalSentence syntax and word choice of work and school (complete sentences and word choice)ConsultativeFormal but used in conversation. Not as direct.CasualBetween friends, word vocab, non-verbal assists, incomplete.IntimateLanguage between lovers or twins.
5Language Acquisition Primary discourse Secondary Discourse Individual first acquiredSecondary DiscourseLanguage of the larger societyObviously if the students primary discourse is the same as their secondary discourse they do much better in school.RamificationsAcquisition and learning is different.Acquisition: most natural way to learn language, there is a significant relationshipLearning: direct-teaching of language, metacognitiveWant students to go casual to formal register,need to direct-teach it!!
6Patterns of Discourse and Story Structure Formal-registerPattern = Straight to the pointStory = beginning, plot, the endPlot is the most important partCasual-registerPattern = goes around the issue before coming to the pointStory = begins with the end of the story, told in vignettes, audience participation, ends with comment about the character valueCharacterization is the most important part
7What can we do? Direct teach Tell stories in both ways Have students write in casual then translate to formalUse graphic organizers to show patternsUse stories in ALL subjects
8Summary Registers of Language Must teach formal Formal vs CasualMust teach formalMust stress importance of formal language to obtain a well-paying job
9Ch. 3 Hidden Rules Among Classes IntroductionThe ClassesPovertyMiddle ClassWealthAssumptionsKey pointHidden rules govern so much of our immediate assessment of an individual and his/her capabilities.Can keep individual from moving upward in a career
11What can we do? Be careful with assumptions about intelligence All students should be taught hidden rules of middle class as a toolAttitudes reflect class systemIf you understand culture and values of poverty will lessen the anger and frustration of educatorsUnderstand most students of poverty don’t believe they are poor or wealthy adults don’t believe they are wealthy (can usually cite someone who has more money).
12SummaryClass statusMiddle class rules critical to be successful in the business world.