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Taking the Leap - Using ODS Statistical Graphics for Data Visualization Wei Cheng, Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Taking the Leap - Using ODS Statistical Graphics for Data Visualization Wei Cheng, Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Taking the Leap - Using ODS Statistical Graphics for Data Visualization Wei Cheng, Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

2 Those who can tune that engine well — who solve basic human problems with greater speed and simplicity than those who came before — will profit immensely. Evan Williams, Founder of Blogger and Twitter

3 Life is a travelling to the edge of knowledge, then a leap taken -- D. H. Lawrence

4 Outline of Topics  Create statistical graphs from SAS procedures  Create statistical graphs from Statistical Graphics (SG) procedures  Create statistical graphs from Graph Template Language (GTL)  ODS Graphics Designer  ODS Graphics Editor

5 Outline of Topics  Create statistical graphs from SAS procedures  Create statistical graphs from Statistical Graphics (SG) procedures  Create statistical graphs from Graph Template Language (GTL)  ODS Graphics Designer  ODS Graphics Editor

6 Outline of Topics  Create statistical graphs from SAS procedures  Create statistical graphs from Statistical Graphics (SG) procedures  Create statistical graphs from Graph Template Language (GTL)  ODS Graphics Designer  ODS Graphics Editor

7 Outline of Topics  Create statistical graphs from SAS procedures  Create statistical graphs from Statistical Graphics (SG) procedures  Create statistical graphs from Graph Template Language (GTL)  ODS Graphics Designer  ODS Graphics Editor

8 Outline of Topics  Create statistical graphs from SAS procedures  Create statistical graphs from Statistical Graphics (SG) procedures  Create statistical graphs from Graph Template Language (GTL)  ODS Graphics Designer  ODS Graphics Editor

9 Procedure ODS Data & Template Data & Template Output Object ODS Output Destination Engine HTMLData SetRTFPDFDocument Styles Data Table Template Store Got Graph? No Statistical Graphics Engine Expressions Functions Yes or Graph

10 ODS Graphics Basics ods file = … Ods close; ods file = … Ods close;

11 ODS Graphics Basics ods file = … ods graphics on; Ods close; ods file = … ods graphics on; Ods close;

12 ODS Graphics Basics ods file = … ods graphics on; ods graphics off; Ods close; ods file = … ods graphics on; ods graphics off; Ods close;

13 ODS Graphics Basics ods file = … ods graphics on / ; ods graphics off; Ods close; ods file = … ods graphics on / ; ods graphics off; Ods close;

14 ODS Graphics Basics ods graphics on / ; Options: RESET IMAGENAME ANTIALIAS HEIGHT BORDERSCALE OUTPUTFMT WIDTH IMAGEMAP more-options ods graphics on / ; Options: RESET IMAGENAME ANTIALIAS HEIGHT BORDERSCALE OUTPUTFMT WIDTH IMAGEMAP more-options

15 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures ods file = … ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status; Run; ods graphics off; Ods close; ods file = … ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status; Run; ods graphics off; Ods close;

16 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

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18 ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / plots(only)= freqplot; Run; ods graphics off; ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / plots(only)= freqplot; Run; ods graphics off;

19 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / plots(only)= freqplot (type = dot); Run; ods graphics off; ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / plots(only)= freqplot (type = dot); Run; ods graphics off;

20 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

21 ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / plots(only)= freqplot (type=dot orient = vertical); Run; ods graphics off; ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / plots(only)= freqplot (type=dot orient = vertical); Run; ods graphics off;

22 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

23 ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables sex * bp_status / plots (only) = freqplot; Run; ods graphics off; ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables sex * bp_status / plots (only) = freqplot; Run; ods graphics off;

24 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

25 ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables sex * bp_status / plots (only) = freqplot (twoway = grouphorizontal); Run; ods graphics off; ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables sex * bp_status / plots (only) = freqplot (twoway = grouphorizontal); Run; ods graphics off;

26 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

27 ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables sex * bp_status / plots (only) = freqplot (twoway = stacked); Run; ods graphics off; ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables sex * bp_status / plots (only) = freqplot (twoway = stacked); Run; ods graphics off;

28 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

29 ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / chisq plots(only)= deviationplot (type = dot); Run; ods graphics off; ods graphics on ; Proc freq data = sashelp.heart; tables bp_status / chisq plots(only)= deviationplot (type = dot); Run; ods graphics off;

30 Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

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39  SAS/STAT (ANOVA, GLM, MIXED, LIFETEST, etc.)  SAS/QC (CAPABILITY, SHEWHART, etc.)  Base SAS (CORR, FREQ, UNIVARIATE)  SAS/ETS (ARIMA, TIMESERIES, VARMAX, etc.)  Other (HPF, HPFENGINE, SAS Risk Dimensions) Create Statistical Graphs from SAS Procedures

40 Create Statistical Graphs Using SG Procedures New SAS/GRAPH Procedures producing statistical graphs SGPLOT SGPANEL SGSCATTER

41 Create Statistical Graphs Using SG Procedures Proc sgplot data = sashelp.class; scatter x = height y = weight / group = sex name = “scatter”; loess x = height y = weight / group = sex clm clmtransparency = 0.6 nomarkers; keylegend “scatter” Run;

42 Create Statistical Graphs Using SG Procedures

43 Proc sgpanel data = sashelp.heart; panelby weight_status bp_status / layout = lattice; reg x = height y = weight / cli; Run;

44 Create Statistical Graphs Using SG Procedures

45 Proc sgscatter data = sashelp.heart; plot (diastolic systolic ) * (weight height) / group = weight_status; Run;

46 Create Statistical Graphs Using SG Procedures

47 Proc sgscatter data = sashelp.heart; compare x = (diastolic systolic ) y = weight; Run;

48 Create Statistical Graphs Using SG Procedures

49 Animated Bubble Chart by Hans Rosling

50 Create Statistical Graphs Using GTL Proc template; define statgraph simplereg; beginggraph; entrytitle “Simple Scatter Plot with Regressin Line”; layout overlay; scatterplot x = height y = weight; regressionplot x = height y = weight; endlayout; endgraph; end; Run; Proc template; define statgraph simplereg; beginggraph; entrytitle “Simple Scatter Plot with Regressin Line”; layout overlay; scatterplot x = height y = weight; regressionplot x = height y = weight; endlayout; endgraph; end; Run;

51 Create Statistical Graphs Using GTL Proc sgrender data = sashelp.class template = simplereg; Run; Proc sgrender data = sashelp.class template = simplereg; Run;

52 Create Statistical Graphs Using GTL

53 Proc template; define statgraph myplot; beginggraph; entrytitle “Loess Fit by Gender”; layout overlay; scatterplot x = height y = weight / group = sex name = ‘sex’; loessplot x = height y = weight / group = sex name = ‘loess’;

54 Create Statistical Graphs Using GTL layout gridded / autoalign = (topleft); discretelegend ‘sex’ ‘loess’ / opaque = false border = true; endlayout; endgraph; End; Run;

55 Create Statistical Graphs Using GTL

56 ODS Graphics Designer

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61 ODS Graphics Editor

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63 TaskWhat to Use? Graphs for statistical analysesStatistical procedures Stand-alone graphsSG Procedures Highly customized graphsGTL Enhancing graphs for presentationODS Graphics Editor Graphs without programmingODS Graphics Designer

64 Conclusion ODS Statistical Graphics is an exciting new functionality provided by SAS. It greatly enhances the ability of data visualization integrates the graphic display with the tabular output automates the production of statistical graphics maintains the ability to customize the displays by modifying the templates and styles create statistical graphs without knowledge of programming

65 Conclusion With SAS ODS Graphics, simpler and minimal coding is required to generate high quality statistical graphs. By spending less time in coding to improve the visual appearance of graphs for data visualization, we can focus more on the statistical analysis.

66 References  SAS/STAT 12.3 User’s Guide Chapter 21 Statistical Graphics Using ODS  SAS/STAT 12.3 User’s Guide Chapter 22 ODS Graphics Template Modification  SAS/STAT 12.3 User’s Guide  SAS User’s Guide for SG Procedures, Graph Template Language

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68 About the Speaker Speaker: Location of company: Telephone: Wei Cheng Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc Gazelle Court Carlsbad, CA (760)


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