Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

UK’s 2050 Pathways Analysis and Impact on Policy Robert T. Watson Defra 24 th April 2012.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "UK’s 2050 Pathways Analysis and Impact on Policy Robert T. Watson Defra 24 th April 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 UK’s 2050 Pathways Analysis and Impact on Policy Robert T. Watson Defra 24 th April 2012

2 2050 Pathways Analysis in the UK How we used 2050 Pathways Analysis in Policy Next steps 2

3 We first published the 2050 Calculator in July 2010. It provides a platform for an ‘energy literate debate’ 3

4 Excel Spreadsheet Web Tool My2050 Technical expert stakeholders and policy-makers Technical expert stakeholders and well-informed public Educational tool and initial engagement for members of the public Product Audience Complexity 2050 Analysis We have since developed different formats of the Calculator - appropriate for different audiences 4

5 The Calculator allows you to pick your own 2050 Pathway and compare it with those from others 5  Over 20 000 people submitted their preferred My2050 worlds to DECC  My2050 has had over 100 000 unique users (Average engagement time is 15 minutes).  Next to the 2050 Pathways from HMG, Pathways from different organisations are published on the webtool, such as: o Friends of the Earth o Campaign to Protect Rural England o National Grid o Atkins o Journalists  DECC Blog discussion between experts and the public  Excel spreadsheet used in several academic and research studies to test different assumptions

6 2050 Pathways Analysis in the UK How we used 2050 Pathways Analysis in Policy Next steps 6

7 Climate Change Act 2008 sets out a clear legal framework for emissions reductions in the UK  Ambitious targets to reduce emissions  Legally binding carbon budgets and 2050 target  A clear accountability framework MRV / CCC reports to Parliament

8 The Climate Change Act triggered a long term low carbon strategy; culminating in the Carbon Plan (December 2011) 8 October 2008: DECC created July 2009: Low Carbon Transition Plan; 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd Carbon Budgets set May 2010: General election PM announces intention to be ‘Greenest Government ever’ 2011: Green Deal announced; Reform or electricity generation market December 2011: Carbon Plan; 4 th Carbon Budget set; 2050 Futures published DECC’s strategy works to head off two risks: Catastrophic climate change Failure of secure, safe and affordable energy supplies for the UK November 2009: Copenhagen Before DECC Government’s approach was fragmented and didn’t sufficiently recognise the interdependencies between climate change and energy policy 2008: Climate Change Act introduced legally binding carbon budgets and aim to reduce emissions by 80% by 2050 December 2010: Cancun December 2011: Durban

9 Carbon Budgets ensure that the UK will reduce emissions by 34% by 2020 and 50% by Carbon Budget 4 9

10 Using the 2050 Calculator, HMG published four ‘2050 Futures’ in the Carbon Plan 10

11 The ‘2050 Futures’ give a range for each technology in 2050. The Carbon Plan sets out how HMG will deliver this range. 11 Per capita UK energy demand has to be reduced by at least a third. Electricity demand will increase around 29% to 60% At least 65% of UK cars need to be ultra-low emissions vehicles in 2050 Bioenergy demand will at minimum threefold from today, but could be much higher

12 For each sector the Carbon Plan sets out ambitions for deployment out to 2027 and the range to 2050. 12

13 For some technologies it will be cost effective to ensure early deployment. 13

14 The Carbon Plan emphasises the Government’s desire to build a coalition for change in order to drive the innovation we need to decarbonise 14 IndustryGovernmentPublic Industry will need to develop innovative new business models and technologies Governments will support the transition by providing the right frameworks for investment The public will need to adopt the technologies and lifestyle choices to save money and carbon

15 2050 Pathways Analysis in the UK How we used 2050 Pathways Analysis in Policy Next steps 15

16 Domestically we are looking at refining the Pathways analysis and using it for public engagement Refining the 2050 Calculator: Call for Evidence on cost and air quality Update baseline from 2007 to 2010 Historical data incorporated Extending the outreach: Publish My2050 schools toolkit My2050 simulation rolled out to schools and universities and public opinion testing 2050 Picture competition with National Geographic for Kids 16

17 Internationally we are beginning to look at outreach opportunities Supporting other regions and countries in adopting the 2050 Calculator approach We received interest from several partners, which are moving the open-sourced analysis forward: Walloon 2050 Pathways study with fully refined and improved Calculator. This will inform/influence a new project on Low Carbon Pathway analysis for the whole of Belgium. Chinese Government Energy Resource Institute adapting analysis for own purposes. Possible additional 2050 Calculator work in Bangladesh, New Zealand, others Ideas to develop a global model Concept to develop a Global Energy and Emissions Calculator with international partners in private and public sectors 17



20 The Calculator allows you to pick your own pathway – and the Carbon Plan provided some potential Government scenarios Renewables; more efficientNuclear; less efficientCCS; more bioenergy Electricity Buildings 16 GW nuclear 82 GW wind 13 GW CCS 14 GW solar 10 GW marine 24 GW back-up gas 75 GW nuclear 20 GW wind 2 GW CCS 2 GW hydro 11 GW back-up gas 20 GW nuclear 34 GW wind 40 GW CCS 2 GW hydro No back-up gas Transport Industry Bioenergy and land use 7.7m SWIs, 8.8m CWIs, 100% house-level heating systems 5.6m SWIs, 6.9m CWIs, 90% house- level heating systems, 10% network-level 5.6m SWIs, 6.9m CWIs, 50% house- level heating systems, 50% network-level 100% ULEVs, high modal shift 80% ULEVs, 20% ICEs, low modal shift 65% ULEVs, 35% ICEs, medium modal shift 461 TWh of bioenergy, high ambition on land mgmt 181 TWh of bioenergy, low ambition on land mgmt Medium growth, 48% of emissions captured by CCS Medium growth, 0% of emissions captured by CCS 471 TWh of bioenergy, medium ambition on land mgmt Cost Optimised 33 GW nuclear 18 GW wind 28 GW CCS 27 GW other renew 33 GW gas 75% ULEVs, unclear on modal shift Heating mix of heat pumps, resistive heat, biomass pellets, district heat Medium growth, over half of emissions captured by CCS ~350 TWh of bioenergy, low ambition on land mgmt

Download ppt "UK’s 2050 Pathways Analysis and Impact on Policy Robert T. Watson Defra 24 th April 2012."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google