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Automatism: Gateway to the Subconscious Mind Miro Birth of the World (stretched)

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Presentation on theme: "Automatism: Gateway to the Subconscious Mind Miro Birth of the World (stretched)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Automatism: Gateway to the Subconscious Mind Miro Birth of the World (stretched) Presentation by A. A. Schorsch

2 au·tom·a·tism [ aw tómmətìzəm ] noun 4. painting literature artistic method: an artistic approach, associated with the surrealists, in which the painter or writer empties the mind and allows the unconscious to direct the work Automatism involves painting shapes and colors as they automatically come to the artists mind; consisted of allowing the hand to wander across the canvas surface without any interference from the conscious mind. The resulting marks, it was thought, would not be random or meaningless, but would be guided at every point by the functioning of the artists unconscious mind, and not by rational thought or artistic training. Automatism

3 Automatic Drawing Automatic drawing was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is to a large extent freed of rational control. Hence the drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche, which would otherwise be repressed. Automatic drawing was pioneered by André Masson. Artists who practiced automatic drawing include Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí, Jean Arp and André Breton. The technique was transferred to painting (as seen in Miró's paintings which often started out as automatic drawings), and has been adapted to other media; there have even been automatic "drawings" in computer graphics. Pablo Picasso was also thought to have expressed a type of automatic drawing in his later work, and particularly in his etchings and lithographic suites of the 1960s.

4 André Masson (French ) Moon Sun 1938 Color lithograph 10" x 13 1/2"

5 The Seeded Earth 1942 André Masson

6 "Rather than setting out to paint something, I begin painting, and, as I paint, the picture begins to assert itself.... The first stage is free, unconscious. The second stage is carefully calculated." ~Joan Miró

7 Characters of the Night JOAN MIRÒ (Spanish )

8 William Baziotes American ( ) Primeval Landscape 1953 (age 41)

9 Dorothea Tanning To The Rescue Oil on Canvas, 1965 The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida

10 Dorothea Tanning Heartless Oil on Canvas, 1980

11 Salvador Dali The Disintegration of Persistence of Memory Oil on Canvas, , The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida

12 Salvador Dali The Three Sphinxes Of Bikini Oil 1947

13 Salvador Dali Rock Figure After the Head of Christ in the Pieta of Palestrina by Michelangelo Oil 1982

14 Salvador Dali Apparition Of Venus Oil on Canvas, The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida

15 Galatea of the Spheres Oil on Canvas 1952 Fundación Gala-Salvador Dalí, Figueres Salvador Dali (Spanish ) Galatea, name given in the 18th century to the animated statue sculpted by Pygmalion (mythology). The previous year, Dalí had written his Mystical Manifesto, where he pronounced a new component of his universe, This double image of Gala combines the stimuli of spirituality and science, two recurrent obsessions in Dali's works dated after the Second World War.

16 Salvador Dali Birth of a Divinity Oil 1960

17 Salvador Dali Raphaelesque Head Exploding Oil 1951

18 Salvador Dali Study for the Head of the Virgin Pencil, Ink, & Gouache 1952

19 Salvador Dali Nuclear Head of an Angel Black Ink & Sepia Pencil 1952

20 Salvador Dali Head of a Gray Angel

21 Salvador Dali Madonna and Particle Child Nuclear Drawing BallPoint, 1954

22 Salvador Dali The Wheelbarrows Wash & Pencil 1951

23 Salvador Dali Galatée Oil,

24 Salvador Dali Celestial Coronation Circa1951 Gouache & Collage

25 Salvador Dali Figure Study for William Tell Ink, 1932

26 Lori Nozick Meggido Charcoal 2000

27 Lori Nozick Tree House Charcoal 1998

28 Lori Nozick Meggido Charcoal, Oil Stick 2000

29 Danielle Vennard Dann Animal Acts V5 Charcoal Tracing Paper 2006

30 Jeff Bixler Self-Portrait, Pt. IV Charcoal

31 Jeff Bixler Self-Portrait, Pt. II Charcoal

32 Jeff Bixler Self-Portrait, Pt. III Charcoal

33 Cari Campbell Grade: High School Charcoal

34 Amanda Jansen Mourning Night Charcoal th Grade Tim Warren Charcoal th Grade

35 View of Louise Bourgeois's sculpture Spider from the roof of the Winter Palace in the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia What modern art means is that you have to keep finding new ways to express yourself, to express the problems, that there are no settled ways, no fixed approach. ~Louise Bourgeois (Born French-born American sculptor, painter, and graphic artist)

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