Presentation on theme: "Gateway to the Subconscious Mind"— Presentation transcript:
1Gateway to the Subconscious Mind Automatism:Gateway to the Subconscious MindPresentation by A. A. SchorschMiro Birth of the World (stretched)
2Automatismau·tom·a·tism [ aw tómmətìzəm ]noun 4. painting literature artistic method: an artistic approach, associated with the surrealists, in which the painter or writer empties the mind and allows the unconscious to direct the workAutomatism involves painting shapes and colors as they automatically come to the artist’s mind; consisted of allowing the hand to wander across the canvas surface without any interference from the conscious mind. The resulting marks, it was thought, would not be random or meaningless, but would be guided at every point by the functioning of the artist’s unconscious mind, and not by rational thought or artistic training.
3Automatic DrawingAutomatic drawing was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is to a large extent freed of rational control. Hence the drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche, which would otherwise be repressed.Automatic drawing was pioneered by André Masson. Artists who practiced automatic drawing include Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí, Jean Arp and André Breton. The technique was transferred to painting (as seen in Miró's paintings which often started out as automatic drawings), and has been adapted to other media; there have even been automatic "drawings" in computer graphics. Pablo Picasso was also thought to have expressed a type of automatic drawing in his later work, and particularly in his etchings and lithographic suites of the 1960s.
4André Masson Moon Sun 1938 (French 1896-1987) Color lithograph 10" x 13 1/2"
6"Rather than setting out to paint something, I begin painting, and, as I paint, the picture begins to assert itself The first stage is free, unconscious. The second stage is carefully calculated."~Joan Miró
7Characters of the Night JOAN MIRÒ(Spanish ) Characters of the Night
8William Baziotes Primeval Landscape American (1912-1963) (age 41)
9The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida Dorothea TanningTo The RescueOil on Canvas, 1965The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida
13Oil 1982 http://www.dali-gallery.com/images/works/1982_36.jpg Salvador DaliRock Figure After the Head of Christ in the Pieta of Palestrina by MichelangeloOil
14The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida Salvador DaliApparition Of VenusOil on Canvas,The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida
15Fundación Gala-Salvador Dalí, Figueres Salvador Dali(Spanish ) Galatea of the SpheresOil on Canvas1952Fundación Gala-Salvador Dalí, FigueresGalatea, name given in the 18th centuryto the animated statue sculptedby Pygmalion (mythology).The previous year, Dalí had written his Mystical Manifesto,where he pronounced a new component of his universe,This double image of Gala combines the stimuliof spirituality and science, two recurrent obsessionsin Dali's works dated after the Second World War.
35What modern art means is that you have to keep finding new ways to express yourself, to express the problems, that there are no settled ways, no fixed approach.~Louise Bourgeois(Born French-born American sculptor, painter, and graphic artist)View of Louise Bourgeois's sculpture Spider from the roof of the Winter Palace in the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia