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FIRST: IMPERATIVE TO HAVE CROSS INTERNATIONALBORDER ACTIVITY FIRST: IMPERATIVE TO HAVE CROSS INTERNATIONALBORDER ACTIVITY THIRD: THE PURPOSE OF THAT ACTIVITY.

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Presentation on theme: "FIRST: IMPERATIVE TO HAVE CROSS INTERNATIONALBORDER ACTIVITY FIRST: IMPERATIVE TO HAVE CROSS INTERNATIONALBORDER ACTIVITY THIRD: THE PURPOSE OF THAT ACTIVITY."— Presentation transcript:

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2 FIRST: IMPERATIVE TO HAVE CROSS INTERNATIONALBORDER ACTIVITY FIRST: IMPERATIVE TO HAVE CROSS INTERNATIONALBORDER ACTIVITY THIRD: THE PURPOSE OF THAT ACTIVITY SEEK FINANCIAL GAINS. THIRD: THE PURPOSE OF THAT ACTIVITY SEEK FINANCIAL GAINS. SECOND : THE NATURE OF THAT ACTIVITY IS ILLEGAL. SECOND : THE NATURE OF THAT ACTIVITY IS ILLEGAL. IMIGRANT SMUGGLING MEANS PROCURING PROCESS, DIRECT OR INDIRECT, FOR FINANCIAL GAINS OR OTHER MATERIAL GAINS, BY BRINGING SOMEONE WHO IS NOT THE CITIZEN OR PERMANENT RESIDENT INTO A COUNTRY ILLEGALLY. 2 EXCLUSIVE PREREQUISITE ELEMENTS

3 UNRESOLVED CONFLICT IN THE COUNTRY OF ORIGIN DUE TO POLITICAL ASPECTS, SECURITY, ETHNIC FIGHT. DRIVEN BY THE NEED TO FIND BETTER LIVING CONDITIONS, ESCAPING BAD ECONOMIC AND SECURITY SITUATIONS AS CONSEQUENCES OF THE CONFLICT 3 GEOGRAPHICALLY INDONESIA HAS A VERY VAST AREA WITH LIMITED FOREIGNERS SURVEILLNCE CAPABILITY. STRATEGICALLY SITUATED AS TRANSIT TO AUSTRALIA (RELATED TO THE INFERIOR IN SECURITY AND SURVEILLANCE) INDONESIA IS KNOWN BY ITS HOSPITALITY TO FOREIGNERS. INDONESIA HAS NOT SIGNED GENEVA CONVENTION 1951 AND PROTOCOL 1967, HOWEVER REGIONAL UNHCR IS IN JAKARTA, SO INDONESIAN GOVERMENT HAS TO TREAT EVERY FOREIGNER AS REFUGEE AS HE MAY SEEK POLITICAL ASSYLUM TO UNHCR. INDONESIA GOVERMENT ALLOW FOREIGNER TO STAY IN INDONESIA UNTIL THEY FIND SOLUTION GEOGRAPHICALLY INDONESIA HAS A VERY VAST AREA WITH LIMITED FOREIGNERS SURVEILLNCE CAPABILITY. STRATEGICALLY SITUATED AS TRANSIT TO AUSTRALIA (RELATED TO THE INFERIOR IN SECURITY AND SURVEILLANCE) INDONESIA IS KNOWN BY ITS HOSPITALITY TO FOREIGNERS. INDONESIA HAS NOT SIGNED GENEVA CONVENTION 1951 AND PROTOCOL 1967, HOWEVER REGIONAL UNHCR IS IN JAKARTA, SO INDONESIAN GOVERMENT HAS TO TREAT EVERY FOREIGNER AS REFUGEE AS HE MAY SEEK POLITICAL ASSYLUM TO UNHCR. INDONESIA GOVERMENT ALLOW FOREIGNER TO STAY IN INDONESIA UNTIL THEY FIND SOLUTION FORCED TO GET OUT OF THE COUNTRY (SEEKING ASYLLUM). SOME SEEK OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE SITUATION IN THE CONFLICT TO EXIT FROM THE COUNTRY TO OTHER COUNTRY ILLEGALLY (SMUGGLER). ABUSE THE EXISTENCE OF UNHCR IN INDONESIA WITH REASONS POLITICAL ASSYLUM

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6 6 TASK UNIT PEOPLE SMUGGLING 6

7 7 1.SE-IL Dirjenim NO.F-1297, date of Sept. 30, 2002, About Handling Of Strangers who declare themselves as asylum seekers or refugees: Some important elements in the Circular Letter are: UNHCR in collaboration with the immigration authorities in Indonesia to jointly deal with the refugees or asylum seekers, the For refugees who have a certificate or letter as a refugee at the time of his arrival, then their status will be clearer and maintenance of their residence permit as a refugee would be easier, Easiness of the above can be given to refugees along the refugee is not breaking the law in Indonesia. It should be noted that refugee status does not make the holder become immune to the law in Indonesia. When refugees in violation of national laws in Indonesia, they may be subject to legal sanctions, as appropriate.

8 8 2. The 2 nd Senior Officers Meeting INP – AFP (SOM INP-AFP) tanggal 2 dan 3 juni 2009 di Hotel Sheraton Bandung menghasilkan bbrp kesepakatan : - AFP/POLRI menyediakan personel bagi tim implementasi strategi penanggulangan penyelundupan manusia. - Polri akan menyediakan personel utk satuan khusus penanggulangan penyelundupan manusia yg berada di Mabes polri pada unit 3, Direktorat i, Bareskrim Polri. - AFP akan memberikan dana peralatan teknis, komunikasi dan surveillance bagi satuan khusus penanggulangan penyelundupan manusia yang dimiliki Polri. -AFP akan menyediakan dana dukungan kebahasaan bagi polri yang meliputi bahasa-bahasa negara sumber penyelundupan manusia. 3. Kunjungan / pertemuan Kapolri dengan Menteri Dalam Negeri Australia, tanggal 4 Juni 2009 di Mabes Polri. 4. Surat Perintah Kapolri no. Pol. : Sprin/ 838/VI/2009, tanggal 4 Juni 2009 tentang tim kelompok kerja penyusunan Satgassus penanggulangan People Smuggling.

9 9 HEAD OF UNIT ASSIGNMENT DEPUTY HEAD OF UNIT ASSIGNMENT KASET OPS PAUR REN REN KAUR KERMA PAUR LOG LOG KAUR MIN KATIM LIDIK KAUR ANALIS KANIT OPS KATIM TINDAK KATIM SIDIK SATGASDA DIR RESKRIM PMJ DIR RESKRIM NAD DIR RESKRIM KEPRI POLDA RIAU DIR RESKRIM SUMBAR DIR RESKRIM BENGKULU DIR RESKRIM LAMPUNG DIR RESKRIM BANTEN DIR RESKRIM JABAR DIR RESKRIM SULSEL DIR RESKRIM SULTRA DIR RESKRIM KALBAR DIR RESKRIM BALI DIR RESKRIM NTB DIR RESKRIM NTT DIR RESKRIM JATIM ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE PLAN PEOPLE SMUGGLING TASK UNIT OPS Police - orange II IMIGRASI KANIM AFP LAISON OFFICER POLDA JATENG DIR RESKRIM SUMUT SATGASDA BARU POLDA MONITORING TAUD BENSAT / JUYAR

10 10 REGIONAL HEAD OF UNIT UNIT KERMA UNIT LIDIK INTELKAM DEPUTY HEAD OF UNIT ASSIGNMENT HEAD OF UNIT ASSIGNMENT ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE PLAN PEOPLE SMUGGLING TASK UNIT OPS Police - Orange II DIR RESKRIM POLDA HEAD OF UNIT UNIT SIDIK UNIT TINDAK RESKRIMANALIS RESKRIM POLAIRDA SAT I DIT RESKRIM HEAD OF UNIT OPERATION CHIEF SECRETARY LAISON OFFICER AFP IMIGRASI KANIM CONTROLLER RESPONSIBLE RESKRIM POLAIRDA

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12 12 ILLEGAL MIGRANT REFUGEES LAW NUMBER 15 YEAR 2009 ON THE VALIDATION PROTOCOL AGAINST MIGRANTS ILLEGAL SMUGGLING THROUGH LAND, SEA AND AIR, SUPPLEMENTING THE UN CONVENTION AGAINST ORGANIZED TRANSNATIONAL CRIMES LAW NO 9 TAHUN1992 ON IMMIGRATION IS IMMIGRATION HAPPENINGS TRAFFIC ARE PEOPLE WHO SIGN IN OR INTO THE REGION COUNTRIES OUTSIDE THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA AND SUPERVISION OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES IN THE REGION OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA  CONFLICT IN STATE POLITICAL ASPECTS REGARDING THE ORIGIN, THE SECURITY,THNOCEN TRISM AND OTHERS  ECONOMIC CONDITION AND SECURITY OF SUCH POOR AS A RESULT OF CONFLICT STIMULATE DESIRE TO GET A BETTER LIFE.

13 13 1. BECAUSE NOT ALL CAN ACCEPT SIGN THAT IMMIGRANT STATUS OF REFUGEES UNHCR, THEN, POLICE EQUIPMENT TO BE WITH THERE KEPUTUSANDARI OVERSEE UNHCR. 2. IMMIGRANT STATUS REFUGEE IF DENIED, THEN THEY POLICE KEPT WATCH MOVEMENT TO PREVENT MOVEMENT / OUT OF INDONESIA IN CRIMINAL ILLEGAL AND DO FOLLOW 3. COORDINATION WITH IMGIRASI, IOM AND UNHCR, 1. BECAUSE NOT ALL CAN ACCEPT SIGN THAT IMMIGRANT STATUS OF REFUGEES UNHCR, THEN, POLICE EQUIPMENT TO BE WITH THERE KEPUTUSANDARI OVERSEE UNHCR. 2. IMMIGRANT STATUS REFUGEE IF DENIED, THEN THEY POLICE KEPT WATCH MOVEMENT TO PREVENT MOVEMENT / OUT OF INDONESIA IN CRIMINAL ILLEGAL AND DO FOLLOW 3. COORDINATION WITH IMGIRASI, IOM AND UNHCR, REFUGEES ILLEGAL MIGRAN PEOPLE SMUGGLING UNHCR, IOM, IMGRASI UNHCR, IOM, IMGRASI MATCH PROCESS LAW APPLICABLE IN INDONESIA MATCH PROCESS LAW APPLICABLE IN INDONESIA 1. COORDINATION WITH THE STATE PURPOSE. 1THE INVESTIGATION PROCESS LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA ADJUSTED 1. COORDINATION WITH THE STATE PURPOSE. 1THE INVESTIGATION PROCESS LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA ADJUSTED

14 ROAD OF ILLEGAL MIGRANTS BY AIR PAKISTAN

15 PAKISTAN AFGANISTAN SRILANGKA AFGANISTAN ( MEDAN, BATAM, RIAU, KEPRI, LAMPUNG, BANTEN, JABAR, JATIM, SULTRA, BALI, NTB, NTT ) PAKISTAN ( MEDAN, JKT, JABAR, KENDARI, SULTRA ) SRILANGKA ( ACEH, MEDAN, LAMPUNG, JKT, JABAR, BANTEN ) IRAN ( LAMPUNG, BANTEN, JKT, NTB, NTT ) MYANMAR ( ACEH, MEDAN ) ILEGAL MIGRANT ROAD

16 16 NAD BANTEN SUMUT KEPRI LAMPUNG JABAR SULTRA JATIM BALI NTT NTB METRO JAYA SUMBAR BENGKULU KALBAR SULSEL

17 17 HANDLING OF ILLEGAL MIGRANTS IN YEAR 2010 NO UNITY Place & TimeTOTAL SUSPECT IN PROCESS HANDLING 1NTTIN 12 JANUARI 2010 ROTE ISLAND 57 WN AFGAN 2 ABK ABD RAHMAN DAN M. YASIN 14 IMMIGRANT SUCCESS IN EVACUATION, 43 ESCAPE TO AUSTRALIA 22 FEBRUARI 2010 DI DESA OIN LASI, KEC ATUN, TTS 6 WN MYANMAR 1 TSK AN. EMANUEL ARI WITANTO SEND TO IMIGRASITION 16 MARET 2010, IN RAJUA ISLAND MAUMERE 68 AFGAN 2 ABK 66 people in kupang imigration 2 people ascape when will the evacuation 2WEST JAVA 26 FEBRUARI 2010 DI SUKABUMI 93 AFGHANISTAN 4 SUPECT CHAIMAN ALI HUSEIN, BAHAR, MUHAMMAD, SRI MULYATI INVESTIGATION CONDUCTED ON THE SUSPECT AND 93 IMMIGRANT IN DETENTION 3LAMPUNG10 MARET 2010 DI BAKAUHENI 20 AFGHANI, 1 IRAK SEND TO IMIRATION

18 18 NO UNITY Place & TimeTOTAL SUSPEC T IN PROCES S HANDLING 4LAMPUNG25 FEBRUARI 2010 IN BAKAUHENI 9 /AFGANISTAN DAN 3/ IRAKSEND TO IMIGRATION 27FEBRUARI 2010 IN BAKAUHENI 24/ AFGANISTAN SEND TO IMIGRATION 6 MARET 2010 IN BAKAUHENI 7 / AFGANISTAN SEND TO IMIGRATION 13 MARET 2010 IN BAKAUHENI 7/ AFGANISTANSEND TO IMIGRATION 19 MARET 2010 IN BAKAUHENI 3/AFGANISTANSEND TO IMIGRATION 21 MARET 2010 IN BAKAUHENI 13 /AFGANISTAN SEND TO IMIGRATION 27 MARET 2010 IN BAKAUHENI 24 /AFGANISTANSEND TO IMIGRATION 3 APRIL 2010 DI TERMINAL BUS RAJA BASA 6/ AFGANISTANSEND TO IMIGRATION 4 APRIL / IRAKSEND TO IMIGRATION

19 19 NO UNITY Place & TimeTOTAL SUSPEC T IN PROCES S HANDLING 5SULTENG7 JANUARI 2010 IN BANDARA W MONGINSIDI 7 SRILANKA DAN 2 AFGANISTAN SEND TO IMIGRATION 6RIAU23 MARET 2010 IN PEKANBARU 9 AFGANISTAN DAN 3 MALAYSIA SEND TO IMIGRATION ( 3 SEND TO KONSUL MALAYSIA) 7EAST JAVA29 MARET 2010 IN PERAIRAN PACITAN 45 IRAK, IRAN DAN AFGANISTAN PROCESS TO REGIONAL TASK UNIT 8LAMPUNG4 APRIL IRAKSEND TO IMIGRATION 9POLDA METRO 6 APRIL 2010 IN ONE THOUSAND ISLAND 37 AFGANISTAN EXAMINATION IN 10NTB 6 APRIL 2010 IN WEST LOMBOK 18 AFGANISTAN EXAMINATION IN

20 20 ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT IN YEAR 2010 ASYLUM SEEKER BASED PROCESS NO IMMIGRANT STATUSTOTAL 1IN PROCESS (ASYLUM SEEKER)655 2 REFUGEE GETS IT'S STATUS PETITION DENIED 105 4TEMPORARY PROTECTION75 TOTAL1185

21 21 NO CITIZENSHIP TOTAL 1AFGANISTAN481 2SRILANKA338 3IRAK183 4MYANMAR64 5VIETNAM58 6IRAN19 7PAKISTAN12 8BANGLADESH13 9SOMALIA7 10THAILAND3 11SIERE LION2 12SYIRIA2 13LAIN - LAIN3 T O T A L1185 ASYLUM SEEKERS BY CITIZENSHIP IN YEAR 2010 NO CITIZENSHIP TOTAL 1MERAK236 2BOGOR130 3MEDAN173 4MATARAM100 5JAKARTA146 6TANJUNG PINANG106 7MAKASAR94 8PONTIANAK40 9KUPANG78 10PEKANBARU26 11BATAM21 12LAMPUNG25 13SURABAYA10 T O T A L1185 ASYLUM SEEKERS BY DETENTION IN YEAR 2010

22 22 NETWORK SMUGGLER ILLEGAL MIGRANTS INTELLECTUAL ACTORS FINANCIER COORDINATOR MAID FIELD -Foreigners, immigrants are in the country of origin or in Indonesia, have long lived in Indonesia, the owners of capital or which collect funds from prospective immigrants, to channel funds to the coordinator. Designing sending immigrants to the country of origin to destination countries. -Coordinate transportation from one place to another, setting up accommodation and logistics with funds from funders / smuggler. -Assist coordinator in transporting immigrants from place to place, looking for lodging, accommodation to prepare immigrants to the country of destination diseberangkan

23 23 Siev Name: SUMBER ALAM 4 ABK from Indonesia Destination Australia : 3 Maret 2010 bring 45 org Afganistan, 1 org Iran From Bali. Siev Name: no Name, from Buton, Sulawesi 3 ABK from Indonesia Sampai di Australia : 6 Maret 2010 bring 80 people (Afganistan, Iraq, Palestina, Kurdi, Iran) From Java to Christmas Island. Siev Name: DUYUNG MAS 2 ABK from Indonesia Destination Australia : 7 Maret 2010 Bring 28 Imigran

24 SIEV NUMBER:113 DATE OF ARRIVAL:11/03/10 VESSEL NAME:No name PASSENGERS24 Adult males travelling alone; 22 claimed to be Burmese, 1 claimed to be Pakistani and 1 claimed to be Bangladeshi CREW3 Indonesian crew ROUTE Rano, South East Sulawesi (near Bau Bau) SIEV NUMBER:114 DATE OF ARRIVAL:11/03/10 VESSEL NAME: Putri 4 Yongtoken PASSENGERS 8 Sri Lankan passengers CREW4 Indonesian crew ROUTE Kupang nautical miles west north west from Darwin SIEV NUMBER:112 DATE OF ARRIVAL:10/03/10 VESSEL NAME:Pirmata Intan PSSENGERS 46 Afghani males CREW 4 Indonesian crew 1. Endang Haryadi - born in Jambi but now living in Probolinggo 2. Nasir - born in Sumatra but now living in Probolinggo 3. Juffi - born in Bone but now living in Probolinggo 4. Name unknown at this time ROUTE AGili Island, Probalingo - Ashmore

25 SIEV NUMBER:117 DATE OF ARRIVAL:20/03/10 VESSEL NAME:Imautama (Indonesian rego C ) PASSENGERS18 passengers (1 Afghan, 12 Iranian, 5 Iraqi) CREW4 Indonesian crew ROUTE Makassar to Ashmore SIEV NUMBER:115 DATE OF ARRIVAL:13/03/10 VESSEL NAME:Vodka PASSENGERS40 Afghan and Kurdish passengers CREW2 Indonesian crew ROUTE Pelabuhan Ratu - Christmas Island SIEV NUMBER:116 DATE OF ARRIVAL:19/03/10 VESSEL NAME:No name PASSENGERS95 Sri Lankan passengers (18 passengers claim to have previously been on the Captain Bram boat in Merak) CREWNo crew ROUTE Padang - Christmas Island

26 SIEV NUMBER:120 DATE OF ARRIVAL:27/03/10 VESSEL NAME:Melati 01 PASSENGERS94 Afghan passengers CREW3 Indonesian crew ROUTE Unknown – Ashmore Passengers stated they spent 7 days onboard. Passengers flew into Jakarta then spent 2 days on a bus to the departure point. PASSENGERS19 Afghani passengers CREW3 Indonesian crew ROUTE ??? - Ashmore SIEV NUMBER:118 DATE OF ARRIVAL:23/03/10 VESSEL NAME:(unknown) SIEV NUMBER:119 DATE OF ARRIVAL:23/03/10 VESSEL NAME:No Name (TLL carved in wood near forward hold) PASSENGERS55 passengers (52 Afghani, 1 Iraqi, 2 Iranian) CREW2 Indonesian crew ROUTE Java (port not stated – possibly Lombok) - Ashmore

27 Effort To Be Done  Revising an Effective Organizational Structure  New district formed a task force (Bengkulu, Makassar, West Sumatera, West Kalimantan)  Increased training for local task force.  Members Empowering local task force in exposing Smuggler Network and prevention efforts against the practice of smuggling illegal migrants. Internal Police External Police  Cooperation with relevant agencies (Directorate General of Immigration, UNHCR, IOM, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, etc.)  Coordination with the state - the country of origin Immigrants.  Facilitated by the AFP, will conduct an investigation against smuggler networks by examining the crew who have been on hold in Australia.

28 28 OBSTACLES IN HANDLING SMUGGLING ILLEGAL MIGRANTS 1.POLICE INTERNAL COORDINATION WITH RELATED INSTITUTION OR NOT WELL ESTABLISHED 2.CAN NOT ACCOMMODATE LEGISLATION THAT ARE CONSIDERED DEVIANT ALL ACTIVITIES RELATED TO ILLEGAL MIGRANTS SMUGGLING 3.HUMAN RESOURCES 4.MARINE TRANSPORTATION MEANS SPECIALLY SUPPORT COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT AND STILL LIMITED 5.GEOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS DOMINATED BY SEA AND BEACH WEATHER IN THE RELATIVE SEA EVACUATION EFFORTS TO EXTREME DIFFICULTIES

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