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Published byLogan Ferguson Modified over 2 years ago

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1 Objectives Prove that two triangles are similar using AA, SAS, and SSS

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2 Proving Two Triangles Similar with Shortcuts Instead of using the definition of similarity to prove that two triangles are congruent (all corresponding angles are congruent and all corresponding sides are proportional), you can use three shortcuts: –Angle-Angle (AA) –Side-Angle-Side (SAS) –Side-Side-Side (SSS)

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3 Angle-Angle (AA) Similarity Postulate If two angles of one triangle are congruent to two angles of another triangle, then the triangles are similar.

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4 AA Example Explain why the triangles are similar and write a similarity statement. R V (Given) RSW VSB (vertical angles are congruent) ΔRSW ΔVSB (AA)

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5 Side-Angle-Side (SAS) Similarity Theorem If an angle of one triangle is congruent to an angle of a second triangle and the sides including the two angles are proportional, then the triangles are similar C B A H J G ΔABC ~ ΔGJH

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6 SAS Example Explain why the two triangles are similar and write a similarity statement. Q X since they are right angles The two sides that include the right angles are proportional By SAS, ΔPRQ ~ΔZYX

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7 Side-Side-Side (SSS) Similarity Theorem If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, then the triangles are similar C B A H J G ΔABC ~ ΔGJH 10 5

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8 SSS Example Explain why the two triangles are similar and write the similarity statement. Since all sides of the two triangles are proportional, by SSS, ΔABC ~ ΔEFG

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