2Major Themes Science as a process Energy conversions Earth as a connected SystemHumans altering natural systemsEnvironmental problems have social & cultural componentsHuman survival depends on developing SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES
3Major Topic Areas Earth Systems & Resources (10-15) The Living World (10-15)Population (10-15)Land & Water Use (10-15)Energy Resources & Consumption (10-15)Pollution (25-30)Global Change (10-15)
4How do I get college credit? Depending on the college:Can earn 3 credits for earning a 3, 4, 5Make sure to keep as evidence:My syllabusLab NotebookAll work you have done for class
9AP Exam 3 Hour Exam broken into two sections: Calculators NOT ALLOWED Multiple ChoiceFree Response QuestionsCalculators NOT ALLOWEDNever leave anything blankNOT Penalized for GuessingNo one has ever earned a 100%Just use your head and do your best!
10Multiple Choice100 Questions90 MinutesConstitutes 60% of your Score
11Types of M.C. Questions NO – All of the Above / None of the Above NO – Negative Stem“Which of the following is NOT”…Some Math QuestionsSome Roman Numerala)I, b) II, c) III, d) I & II, e) I & IIISome “Best Possible Answer”All answers correct, must pick best answer based on question
12Free Response Questions (FRQ’s) 90 minutes~20 minutes / questionNo Reading Time – start as soon as you get itConstitutes 40% of your Score
13Types of FRQ’s 2 Synthesis & Evaluation 1 Data Based 1 Document Based Covering any topic from textbook, often covers many topics in 1 question1 Data BasedMath Problem – must show all work & unitsCredit is earned for set-ups AND solutions1 Document BasedData Analysis –or- Experimental Design/Analysis
14Advice for FRQ’s – Quality over Quantity Be concise and to the pointRead and answer questions specificallyMust be legible & sentence formatBullets / Symbols = ZERODrawings ok if accompanied by explanationThis isn’t English class!Don’t waste time trying to do 5 paragraph essay
15Advice for FRQ’s – K.I.S.S. (Keep is Simple) Better to be SAFE than SORRY!!!Don’t try to be impressive/smart unless you are TOTALLY SURE!!!Ex: Provide an example of an endangered speciesCalifornia Condor / Whooping Crane / African Elephant = OKPanda = ZERO (Giant Panda is correct answer)Ex: Provide an example of an indicator speciesTrout = ZEROBrook Trout is correct
16Advice for MATH FRQ’s MUST SHOW ALL WORK MUST include Units Use Dimensional AnalysisMUST include UnitsScientific NotationMay Involve GraphingLabel Axes / Even Increments / Best Fit Line / Use Exam Book as Straight Edge to AnalyzeYou CANNOT earn a 5 without being able to do the Math!!!!!
17APES BUZZ WORDS The 3 E’s Economic - $$$ Ecological – ecosystems w/o human influenceEnvironmental – human impact on ecosystems
18APES BUZZ WORDS The Many R’s Reduce – Remediate – Reclamation – To use / do less ofRemediate –Removal of POLLUTION or contaminants from soil, water, etcReclamation –Return disturbed lands to an improved state (mining)Reconciliation –Making human areas more habitable for other speciesRestorationReturning a degraded ecosystem a as similar as possible to it’s natural stateRehabilitation –Turning a degraded ecosystem into a functional ecosystem (not necessarily original condition)
19Grading FRQ’s Graded using rubrics Followed VERY specifically If question asks for two examples, must take first two given (even if others after are correct)Ex: If asked for two abiotic factors, must grade ONLY first two answers givenGrader assumes you know nothing, so write it as if they know nothing
20Words to AVOID Good (positive) / Bad (negative) Ideal / Not Ideal Ex: “bad for the environment”bad how??? Be specific!!!Ideal / Not IdealPollutionEx: air pollutionwhat specific contaminants or damage?Large / SmallCompared to what???
21Don’t Give Up!!! Don’t ever give up on a question!!! There’s a point in there for you somewhere!!!