Presentation on theme: "Each of us inherit many personal characteristics from our parents. EX: physical build, skin color, hair color & texture, eye color & shape. Just as personal."— Presentation transcript:
Each of us inherit many personal characteristics from our parents. EX: physical build, skin color, hair color & texture, eye color & shape. Just as personal traits can be passed on, so can medical conditions.
Tiny threadlike particles located in the nucleus of every cell. 46 chromosomes = 23 pairs
Each chromosome contains several genes. Genes- the unit that determine the child's inherited characteristics. Genes makeup chromosomes as beads make up a necklace. For every inherited characteristic, a person receives 2 copies- 1 from mom and 1 from dad.
If both inherited genes are the same- then the child will have that characteristic. If they are different- the dominant gene will be expressed. Dominant- stronger gene. Recessive- weaker gene.
Ex: B= Brown Dominant, b= Blue recessive. Dad (Bb)Mom (Bb) Child 1 Child 2 Child 3 Child 4 (BB) (Bb) (Bb) (bb)
Each sperm & egg cell contains a different combination of genes. These cells combine during the fertilization process and produce a unique individual.
The sex of a child is determined at conception. Every egg cell contains an X chromosome. Each sperm cell will contain either an X or a Y chromosome. The sex of the child is determined by the chromosome carried by the sperm that fertilizes the egg. XX= baby girl XY= baby boy
Identical Twins= 1 egg divides in half soon after fertilization. Each half grows and divides. 1 Zygote becomes 2. Fraternal Twins= 2 eggs are released and both becomes fertilized
Infertile- inability to conceive a child. There are many causes of infertility in both men and women. Options for Infertile Couples: Adoption- a couple legally takes on all responsibilities and rights for raising, loving, and caring for a child in need of a permanent home. Artificial Insemination- doctor injects sperm into the uterus. Sperm may be the husbands or from a donor.
Options for Infertile Couples: In Vitro Fertilization- Doctor combines a mature ovum from the woman with sperm from her husband. If the ovum becomes fertilized then the doctor places it in the uterus. Ovum Transfer- Similar to In Vitro, except that the ovum is donated by another woman. It is fertilized in the laboratory and placed in the uterus. Surrogate Mother- A surrogate mother is a substitute woman who becomes pregnant to have a baby for another woman.
1. List 3 traits that are inherited. 2. Explain how dominant and recessive genes work. 3. How is the sex of a baby determined? 4. What is the difference between identical twins and fraternal twins? 5. What are some disadvantages of fertility drugs?