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Comparisons of patients’, clinicians’ and researchers’ agendas Sandy Oliver, Reader in Public Policy www.ioe.ac.uk/ssru/perspectives Sub-brand to go here.

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Presentation on theme: "Comparisons of patients’, clinicians’ and researchers’ agendas Sandy Oliver, Reader in Public Policy www.ioe.ac.uk/ssru/perspectives Sub-brand to go here."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparisons of patients’, clinicians’ and researchers’ agendas Sandy Oliver, Reader in Public Policy Sub-brand to go here

2 2 Contents 1Mismatches in research priorities 2Steps for setting research priorities 3Methods for setting research priorities 4Extending the James Lind Alliance bibliography 5Future work

3 3 Mismatches in research priorities (1) Royal College of Nursing workshop Service users’ research priorities –long term health needs –impact of disability on the quality of life for individuals and their families –provision of information Professionals’ research priorities –topics promoting professional interests Researchers’ priorities –topics that developed new frontiers of knowledge Grant-Pearce, C., Miles, I. & Hills, P. Mismatches in Priorities for Health Research between Professionals and Consumers PREST Manchester University 1998

4 4 Mismatches in research priorities (2) Chartered Society of Physiotherapy Physiotherapists raised issues about –professional and educational needs Service users raised issues about –post natal exercises After sharing priorities, mismatches were reduced. Grant-Pearce, C., Miles, I. & Hills, P. Mismatches in Priorities for Health Research between Professionals and Consumers PREST Manchester University 1998

5 5 Mismatches in research priorities (3) Arise from differences in: values and life experiences understandings of science and technology and the research process access to decision making structures Also appear between: different groups of professionals –nurses and midwives compared with medics or patients Conclusion Health research priority setting can benefit considerably (on grounds of equity, efficiency and engagement) from increased patient participation… to allow mismatches to be addressed and to enrich the priority setting process. Grant-Pearce, C., Miles, I. & Hills, P. Mismatches in Priorities for Health Research between Professionals and Consumers PREST Manchester University 1998

6 6 Steps for setting research priorities… …about the effects of care 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions?

7 7 Steps for setting research priorities… …about the effects of care 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions? Ask patients

8 8 Steps for setting research priorities… …about the effects of care 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions? Ask clinicians Ask patients

9 9 Steps for setting research priorities… …about the effects of care 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions? Ask researchers Ask patients Ask clinicians

10 10 Steps for setting research priorities… …about the effects of care 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions? Ask researchers Ask patients Ask clinicians Shared uncertainties

11 11 Steps for setting research priorities… …about the effects of care 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions? Ask researchers Ask patients Ask clinicians Shared priorities

12 12 Methods for setting priorities (1) Eliciting public preferences Quantitative techniques –ranking, rating or choice-based approaches Qualitative techniques with individuals –one-to-one interviews, interviews in pairs, case study analyses, the Delphi technique and complaints procedures Qualitative techniques with groups –focus groups, concept mapping, citizens’ juries, consensus panels, public meetings and nominal group techniques Ryan M, Scott DA, Reeves C, Bate A, van Teijlingen ER, Russell EM, et al. Eliciting public preferences for healthcare: a systematic review of techniques. Health Technol Assess 2001;5(5).

13 13 Methods for setting priorities (2) Consensus development methods Setting the task or question to be addressed Selecting the participants Choosing and preparing the scientific evidence Structuring the interaction Methods of synthesising individual judgements No methods reviewed for developing consensus with patients or the public Black, N; Murphy, M; Lamping, D; McKee, M; Sanderson, C; Askham, J; Marteau, T. Consensus development methods: a review of best practice in creating clinical guidelines. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy Vol: 4, Issue: 4, Pages:

14 14 Setting research priorities with patients or the public 87 detailed descriptions Inviting groups to collaborate (13) Consulting groups (12) Inviting individuals to collaborate (17) Consulting individuals (13) Responding to patients/ the public (22) Patients/ the public working independently (10) 1999 search: Mostly ‘grey literature’, some reflective reports, very few studies Oliver S et al Involving consumers in research and development agenda setting for the NHS: developing an evidence-based approach. Health Technology Assessment 2004; 8 (15) 1-148

15 15 Methods for setting research priorities Committee membership NHS R&D programmes 1 or 2 service users Little or no reflection on working together No records of users’ views Few or no lessons learnt

16 16 Methods for setting research priorities Arthritis patients Interviews and questionnaires What treatments had they tried? Which treatments deserved more research? All treatments – including education and advice, physical therapy and complimentary therapy One-to-one and group interviews Tallon D, Chard J, Dieppe P (2000). Relation between agendas of the research community and the research consumer. Lancet 355:

17 17 James Lind Alliance Bibliography 16 publications addressing people’s priorities for research (2006) Care around the time of birth Osteoarthritis of the knee Rheumatoid arthritis Homelessness Alzheimer’s disease Mental health Asthma and COPD Paediatric haematology, oncology, immunology and infectious diseases

18 18 Extending the JLA Bibliography Seeking studies that ask: What are patients’ priorities for research and outcomes for assessing the effects of treatments? What are clinicians’ priorities for research and outcomes for assessing the effects of treatments? How do these priorities compare with each other, and with research reported or researchers’ future priorities? Oliver S, Gray J. A bibliography of research reports about patients', clinicians' and researchers' priorities for new research. London: James Lind Alliance, December 2006.

19 19 Searching for studies Electronic searching Keyword and free text searches of MEDLINE EMBASE PsycINFO CINAHL AMED The Cochrane Methodology Register Authors and citations in original bibliography Social Science Citation Index Hand searching Health Expectations Reference lists of relevant publications

20 20 Clinicians’ priorities studies addressed clinicians’ priorities for research or outcomes for assessment Judging from titles and abstracts…

21 21 Patients’ or public’s priorities studies addressed patients’ or the public’s priorities for research or outcomes for assessment Judging from titles and abstracts…

22 22 Clinicians’ priorities Patients’ or public’s Priorities additional studies addressed BOTH clinicians’ and patients’ or the public’s priorities for research or outcomes for assessment Judging from titles and abstracts…

23 23 Researchers’ priorities Patients’ or public’s priorities Clinicians’ priorities more compared clinicians’ priorities with researchers’ 6 more compared patients’ and the public’s priorities with researchers’ Judging from titles and abstracts…

24 24 Priorities for what? Studies focused on: Health conditions –e.g cancer, cardiovascular disease, infection Age ranges –e.g. neonatal, women’s health, later life Clinical services –e.g anaesthesia, complementary medicine Health care practitioners –e.g. nursing Judging from titles and abstracts…

25 25 Extended JLA bibliography A substantial literature (303+ reports, mainly in journals) Addressing patients’ and clinicians’ research priorities that has not been included in previous systematic reviews. Further studies may be identified through searching –studies citing those already identified –the reference lists of those already identified.

26 26 What might we learn from this literature? 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions?

27 27 What might we learn from this literature? 1.What do patients want to know? 2.What do clinicians want to know? 3.Has research found the answers? Can research find the answers? 4.Which are the unanswered questions? 5.Which are the most important unanswered questions? 6.What methods can be used with patients, clinicians and researchers?

28 28 Future work Seek further studies Inspect full reports Analyse their methods –Who they involved –How they elicited questions –How they discussed and decided priorities Record shared uncertainties and shared priorities Learn from their methods

29 29 Thank you Social Science Research Unit Institute of Education University of London 18 Woburn Square London WC1H 0NR Tel +44 (0) Fax +44 (0) Web


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